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The Man Who Destroyed the Recording Industry

This Day in North Carolina History - Thu, 09/14/2017 - 01:00

On September 9, 2009, Bennie Lydell Glover of Shelby was indicted in Alexandria, Virginia, for felony conspiracy to commit copyright infringement.

Two years earlier Glover left work to encounter Cleveland County deputies alongside his truck. As they arresteAdd Newd him, the FBI was simultaneously raiding his house.

The popular assumption is that Napster, created in 1999, was chiefly responsible for the plummet in sales of recorded music. But recent accounts make clear that Glover was there first and created the most damage.

Glover, employed at Polygram’s CD pressing plant in Kings Mountain, began slipping disks out of the factory as early as 1994.  He regularly took movies and video games but found a market for rap CDs, especially artists like Jay Z, Eminem, and in time Kanye West.

He would drop off bags of disks for resale at Shelby barbershops but, via Internet file-sharing, found listeners all across the country. Polygram fought back, installing increased security measures, but Glover long evaded the law, sneaking CDs out behind oversize belt buckles past wand-wielding guards.

Glover, who testified against his co-conspirator, pled guilty and served three months in prison. Meanwhile sales of recorded music shrank with total revenue cut in half in the period between 2000 and 2010.

For more about North Carolina’s history, arts, nature and culture, visit DNCR online. To receive these updates automatically each day, make sure you subscribe by email using the box on the right, and follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

Colington Island, a Reminder of the Proprietary Era

This Day in North Carolina History - Thu, 09/14/2017 - 01:00

On September 8, 1663, the first transfer of land under the Lords Proprietors in Carolina took place. The grant was made to Sir John Colleton, himself one of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina.

The piece of land transferred was what was then called Carlyle or Colleton Island, and is now called Colington Island in Dare County. Colleton, a planter who also dabbled in business, finance and politics, already had large New World holdings in Barbados. Although he had returned to England in 1660, he had hopes of expanding his West Indies operations into the American colonies.

Colleton’s agent, Captain John Whittie, established a plantation on the property during the winter of 1664 and 1665. At first the island was used primarily for raising cattle and horses, but eventually crops including tobacco, corn and grapes were planted.

Whittie also eventually realized a profitable secondary source of income by selling oil extracted from whales that washed up on the shore. Peter Carteret, nephew of one of the proprietors and later governor of the colony, joined Colleton as a partner in the colonial venture. He arrived in the spring of 1665 to take charge of the plantation. Hurricanes, drought and floods plagued the settlement, which failed by the 1670s.

For more, check out the book The Proprietors of Carolina from North Carolina Historical Publications.

For more about North Carolina’s history, arts and culture, visit Cultural Resources online. To receive these updates automatically each day, make sure you subscribe by email using the box on the right, and follow us on FacebookTwitter and Pinterest.

Edward Hyde and Turmoil in Early Carolina

This Day in North Carolina History - Thu, 09/14/2017 - 01:00

On September 8, 1712, Governor Edward Hyde died of yellow fever at his home on the Albemarle Sound.

Born in 1667 in England, Hyde inherited several properties and had ties to royalty. He attended Oxford University but didn’t complete a degree. Despite his connections and inheritance, Hyde faced financial ruin and sold much of his property.

In 1708, Hyde petitioned the queen for a governorship in Carolina, specifically the deputy governorship of northern Carolina, which was then available. He received the commission in early 1709 and arrived in Virginia to find a great deal political upheaval. He remained in Virginia until there was agreement in the colony that Hyde was indeed the commissioned leader.

Hyde assumed his duties as royal governor in 1711 but was in a politically precarious position during the uprising known as Cary’s Rebellion. That year the colony also suffered from a yellow fever epidemic and the outbreak of the Tuscarora War after an attack near Bath.

In 1712, Hyde became the first governor of the separate and distinct colony of North Carolina. Yellow fever struck again that year, claiming the governor as one of its victims.

Hyde was likely buried on the plantation grounds in Chowan County.

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For more about North Carolina’s history, arts and culture, visit Cultural Resources online. To receive these updates automatically each day, make sure you subscribe by email using the box on the right, and follow us on FacebookTwitter and Pinterest.

Half-Measure Pearsall Plan Target of Critics

This Day in North Carolina History - Thu, 09/14/2017 - 01:00

On September 8, 1956, voters approved a set of education initiatives known as the Pearsall Plan by a wide margin.

The initiatives had been proposed by an advisory committee on education tasked by Governors William Umstead and Luther Hodges to respond to the Supreme Court’s 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision on school segregation.

The committee concluded that integration “should not be attempted” since there was not enough support for it statewide and recommended that the power for assigning students to schools be moved to the local level.

Two other components in the bill allowed residents to call for a referendum on whether their local schools should be integrated and pledged the state to pay private school tuition for students unhappy with their assignment.

Though the plan was opposed by civil rights advocates for blocking court-mandated integration and by ardent segregationists for not doing enough to prevent it, it passed by a wide margin. Most of the components were never invoked and it was ultimately struck down as unconstitutional by a federal court after a 1966 challenge by renowned civil rights attorney Julius Chambers.

For more about North Carolina’s history, arts, nature and culture, visit DNCR online. To receive these updates automatically each day, make sure you subscribe by email using the box on the right, and follow us on Facebook and Twitter.

Jordan Lake’s Namesake Served in U.S. Senate

This Day in North Carolina History - Thu, 09/14/2017 - 01:00

On September 8, 1896, B. Everett Jordan was born in Ramseur. Before being appointed to fill the vacant seat of Senator Kerr Scott in 1958, he was a successful textile executive who had worked his way up the ladder in one company since the 1920s.

Although several newspapers at the time considered him to have been placed in the Senate as a “seat warmer” for Luther Hodges who was then governor and popular politically, Jordan was reelected in 1960 and 1966.

His work in the Senate focused on Agriculture and Forestry, Public Works and Senate Rules and Administration. He introduced the tobacco “acreage-poundage” legislation that changed the way tobacco was marketed and valued. He also helped the state to acquire federal funds for water resources and harbor improvements.

Jordan’s age and health were key factors in the 1972 Democratic primary race for his Senate seat. At that time, he was defeated by Nick Galifianakis, who in turn lost the general election to Republican Jesse Helms.

The Chatham County New Hope Lake project, authorized in 1963, was renamed in honor of Jordan in 1973.

For more about North Carolina’s history, arts and culture, visit Cultural Resources online. To receive these updates automatically each day subscribe by email using the box on the right and follow us on FacebookTwitter and Pinterest.