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Daniels, Frank Arthur

by Jonathan Daniels, 1986

9 Sept. 1858–15 Apr. 1939

An engraving of state senator Frank Arthur Daniels published circa 1897. Image from the Braswell Memorial Library, Rocky Mount, N.C.Frank Arthur Daniels, jurist, was born in Washington, N.C., the eldest son of Josephus and Mary Cleaves Seabrook Daniels, both of families of English descent long settled in eastern North Carolina. With the coming of the Civil War, Josephus Daniels, a Whig and Union man who did not believe in slavery or secession, remained a noncombatant but worked as a skilled carpenter in the Confederate shipyards in Wilmington. Later he moved to New Bern and sent his family as refugees from the Union-occupied area to Ocracoke Island. In early January 1865, while on a mission of relief to old friends in Washington, N.C., he was wounded when a small group of Georgia troops fired on the noncombatant vessel on which he was traveling. He died in New Bern on 28 Jan. 1865.

Frank Daniels and two younger brothers, Josephus and Charles Cleaves, were reared in the Methodist tradition of the family by a strong Christian mother who supported her boys as a milliner and as postmistress in Wilson. Frank was educated in the Wilson Collegiate Institute, at The University of North Carolina (1878–79), and at the law school of Judges Robert P. Dick and John H. Dillard in Greensboro (1880). He was licensed as an attorney in the spring of 1881. In January 1882 he began to practice with Charles Brantley Aycock in Goldsboro; the partnership continued until Aycock, after serving as governor, moved to Raleigh in 1909. Daniels served in Democratic party councils and in 1899 and 1900 in the state senate. In 1910 he was unanimously nominated for judgeship of the superior court for his district, then composed of Wayne, Johnston, Wake, and Harnett counties. Elected in November 1910, he was twice reelected and served for twenty-four years. In 1934, at the age of seventy-five, he declined to seek reelection and retired to the emergency bench.

Title page from Frank A. Daniels'  "History of Wayne County," address given November 20, 1914.  From the collections of the State Library of North Carolina.A man of austere countenance whose slim features often broke into a smile, he had stern views about justice but added warmth and humor to mercy. He held court under the system then prevailing in practically every county of the state. He was welcomed as a "Southerner of the old school" in all of them. As judge and citizen he was regarded as a dyspeptic optimist. On the bench he was sometimes tart about "conflicting decisions and poorly considered legislation." Lawyers and court officials in every county regarded him with veneration and accepted with amusement his complaints about drafts in the courtrooms and the indigestibility of food available in the county seats. The convivial Charles Aycock joked that, while Frank never joined in the social drinking of bench and bar, he amassed an array of patent medicines of high alcoholic content. In his day he was certainly the state's favorite hypochondriac, attaining, despite a life of uninterrupted fragility, the age of eighty-one.

In 1885 Daniels married Carrie Whitfield Borden of Goldsboro. Their children were Frank Borden Daniels, George Seabrook Daniels, and Mary Cleaves Daniels (m. Henry M. Stenhouse). The first Mrs. Daniels died in 1906; in 1920 he married her sister, Mary Carrow Borden, who died in 1937. The judge was buried in Willow Dale Cemetery, Goldsboro. In 1940 a portrait of Judge Daniels was unveiled in the Wayne County Superior Court in Goldsboro.

References:

Josephus Daniels, Tar Heel Editor (1939).

Raleigh News and Observer, 16, 17 Apr. 1939, 8 Feb., 7 June 1940.

Additional Resources:

Frank Arthur Daniels Papers, 1894-1985 (collection no. 04481). The Southern Historical Collection. Louis Round Wilson Special Collections Library. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. http://www2.lib.unc.edu/mss/inv/d/Daniels,Frank_Arthur.html (accessed December 20, 2013).

Image Credits:

"Senator Daniels of Wayne. Chairman of the Senate Committe on Corporations." Engraving. (circa 1897). Daughtridge Scrapbook. 30. Local History Collection. Braswell Memorial Library, Rocky Mount, N.C. http://library.digitalnc.org/cdm/ref/collection/ncmemory/id/8044 (accessed January 31, 2014).

Daniels, Frank A. [Judge]. "History of Wayne County: Address by Judge Frank A. Daniels, at Opening of Wayne County's New Court House, November 30, 1914." [Goldsboro, N.C., 1914].

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Copyright notice

This article is from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, 6 volumes, edited by William S. Powell. Copyright ©1979-1996 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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