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Few, James

by Elmer D. Johnson, 1986

1746–17 May 1771

James Few, Regulator, was born in Maryland, the son of William Few, Sr., and Mary Wheeler Few. He was the brother of William Few, Jr., who became a U.S. senator and judge. In 1758 the family moved to North Carolina and settled near Hillsborough. James Few married, probably in 1769, Mary Howard, and also settled near Hillsborough where he was a farmer and carpenter. The couple had twin children, William and Sally, born 9 Feb. 1771.

Few's role in the Regulator disturbances is not clear. In 1768 his father had signed a bond for two leading Regulators, William Butler and Herman Husband. On the other hand, James Few's brothers William and Benjamin seem not to have been seriously involved. James Few was indicted in the May term of court in 1771 in New Bern for participation in the Regulator riot of the previous September. Because he had never been arrested, he was technically an outlaw at the time of the Battle of Alamance on 16 May 1771. After the battle, in which Governor William Tryon's forces defeated the poorly organized Regulators, Few was hanged on or near the field of battle. Six other Regulators were hanged later after a military trial. The reason for Few's immediate hanging seems to be that he was the one "outlaw" taken during the battle, although several other theories have come down as local traditions. One of these is that Few was a religious fanatic, at least partially insane, who fought with such fury on the battle-field that the governor's troops demanded his life when he was captured. Another is that he was an enemy of Edmund Fanning, a government official in Hillsborough, who insisted that he be executed. Whatever the cause, Few's hanging seems to have been an unnecessary assumption of power on the governor's part, and even his apologists do not condone it.

Following the Battle of Alamance, William Few, Sr., moved his family to Georgia, taking with him the twin children of James and Mary Few. James's son William became prominent in Georgia and was the great-grandfather of William Preston Few, twentieth century president of Duke University.

References:

E. W. Caruthers, A Sketch of the Life and Character of the Rev. David Caldwell (1842).

Marshall D. Haywood, Governor William Tryon and His Administration of the Province of North Carolina (1903).

William S. Powell, ed., The Correspondence of William Tryon and Other Selected Papers, vol. 2 (1980), and with James K. Huhta and Thomas J. Farnham, eds., The Regulators of North Carolina, A Documentary History, 1759–1776 (1971).

Arthur D. Vinton, "The First American Anarchist," Magazine of American History 16 (1886).

Virginia Gazette, 7 Nov. 1771.

Additional Resources:

"Letter from "Atticus" to William Tryon [as printed in the Virginia Gazette]." 1771. Colonial Records of North Carolina vol. 8. Raleigh [N.C.]: Josephus Daniels, printer to the state. 1890. 723. http://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.html/document/csr08-0370#p8-723

Troxler, Carole Watterson. Farming dissenters : the Regulator movement in Piedmont North Carolina. Raleigh, N.C. [N.C.]: Office of Archives and History, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, 2011. 113. http://digital.ncdcr.gov/cdm/ref/collection/p16062coll9/id/10602

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This article is from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, 6 volumes, edited by William S. Powell. Copyright ©1979-1996 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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