Scientists & Inventors

Scientists & Inventors
Adams, Donald Keith
by Green, C. Sylvester. Donald Keith Adams, educator and psychologist, was born in Orville, Ohio, the son of John F. and Elizabeth Taylor Adams. His preparatory education was completed at the local high school in 1919, and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Artom, Camillo
by Hairston, Peter W. Camillo Artom, internationally recognized scientist and head of the department of biochemistry at Bowman Gray School of Medicine of Wake Forest University, was born in Asti, Italy, of a Jewish family [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Baity, Herman Glenn
by Harris, Tyndall P., Jr. Herman Glenn Baity, sanitary engineer and educator, was born in Clarksville Township, Davie County, to George Wesly and Sallie Sprinkle Baity. He was educated in public schools in Iredell County and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Barringer, Daniel Moreau, Jr.
by Powell, William S. Daniel Moreau Barringer, Jr., lawyer, sportsman, mineralogist, consulting engineer, and geologist, the son of Elizabeth Wethered, of Baltimore, and Daniel Moreau Barringer, was born in Raleigh. He [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Bartram, William
by Parramore, Thomas C. William Bartram, naturalist, was the son of John Bartram, an eminent naturalist, and his wife, Ann Mendenhall Bartram. He was born near Philadelphia, where his gifts as an artist brought him in his [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Baskerville, Charles
by Steelman, Bennett L. Charles Baskerville, chemist and college professor, was born in Deerbrook, Noxubel County, Miss., the son of Charles Baskerville, a physician and former Confederate Army captain, and his wife, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Battle, Herbert Bemerton
by Gass, W. Conard. Herbert Bemerton Battle, chemist and industrialist, was the fourth child and third son of Kemp Plummer Battle, president of The University of North Carolina (1876–91), and Martha Ann Battle Battle [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Bennett, Hugh Hammond
by Eagles, Charles W. Hugh Hammond Bennett, soil conservationist, was born near Wadesboro to William Osborne and Rosa May Hammond. His father had farmed a plantation of about fifteen hundred acres from the time of the [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Boynton, Charles Lawrence
by Simpson, Marcus B., Jr. Charles Lawrence Boynton, botanist and zoologist, was born in Vineland, N.J., of Scotch-Irish ancestry. His father, Charles A. Boynton, was a descendant of John Boynton, who arrived from England in [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Bradham, Caleb Davis
by Copeland, Elizabeth H. Caleb Davis Bradham, founder of Pepsi-Cola, pharmacist, and Shriner, was born at Chinquapin, Duplin County, the son of George Washington and Julia McCann Bradham. He was of English and Scotch-Irish [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Briggs, William Cyrus
by Powell, William S. William Cyrus Briggs, inventor, the son of Cyrus and Lydia F. Loring Briggs, was born in Turner, Maine, and educated locally. He moved to Brooklyn, N.Y., where he was an engineer and machinist, and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Brimley, Clement Samuel
by Simpson, Marcus B., Jr. Clement Samuel Brimley, zoologist and entomologist, was born in Great Linford, Buckingham County, England, the son of Joseph and Harriet Brimley, who immigrated with their family to Raleigh in [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Brimley, Herbert Hutchinson
by Simpson, Marcus B., Jr. Herbert Hutchinson Brimley, zoologist and director of the North Carolina State Museum, was born in Willington, Bedfordshire, England, the son of Joseph and Harriet Brimley, who immigrated with their [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cain, William
by Willard, George-Anne. William Cain, civil engineer, mathematician, university professor, and author, contributed for over half a century to the advance of engineering theory and practice in his state and country. Although [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cairns, John Simpson
by Simpson, Marcus B., Jr. John Simpson Cairns, ornithologist, was born in Lawrence, Mass., the son of John and Agnes Simpson Cairns. In 1855 his parents moved from Scotland to the United States, where the elder John Cairns [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Catesby, Mark
by Powell, William S. Mark Catesby, naturalist, artist, and author of books on the flora and fauna of Carolina, was born probably in Castle Hedingham, Essex, England, the home of his maternal grandparents. He was the son [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cobb, Collier
by Eagles, Charles W. Collier Cobb, college teacher and geologist, was born near Goldsboro at Mt. Ashburn plantation in Wayne County. His parents were Needham Bryan and Martha Louisa Cobb. Joseph Cobb, his first paternal [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Coker, Robert Ervin
by Caldwell, Martha B. Robert Ervin Coker, Kenan Professor of Zoology at The University of North Carolina, founder of the Institute of Fisheries Research at Morehead City, and a pioneer in the development of marine [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Coker, William Chambers
by Couch, John N. William Chambers Coker, university professor, was born in Hartsville, S.C. His father, Major James Lide Coker, born at nearby Society Hill, was educated at the Citadel in Charleston and spent one [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Colburn, Burnham Standish
by Caldwell, Martha B. Burnham Standish Colburn, banker, bridge builder, and real estate developer, was born in Detroit, Mich., to William Cullen Colburn and his wife, Mary Augusta Standish Colburn. A Mayflower ancestor [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Colton, Henry Elliott
by Colton, Henry E., Stephens, George. Henry Elliott Colton, naturalist, geologist, and author, was born in Fayetteville, the son of the Reverend Simeon Colton, a native of Somers, Conn., and an 1806 graduate of Yale who moved to [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Coppridge, William Maurice
by Wells, Warner. William Maurice Coppridge, physician, teacher, statesman, pioneer urologist in North Carolina, clinical professor of urology at The University of North Carolina School of Medicine in Chapel Hill, and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cramer, Stuart Warren
by Morgan, Thomas S. Cramer, Stuart Warren by Thomas S. Morgan, 1979 31 Mar. 1868–2 July 1940 Stuart Warren Cramer, leader in the development and improvement of textile mills, inventor, and leader in the [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Croom, Hardy Bryan
by Flowers, John Baxton, III. Hardy Bryan Croom, planter, politician, and naturalist, was born at his father's estate in Lenoir County. He was the son of Major General William Croom and his first wife, Mary Bryan, a daughter of [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Crump, Earl Alexander
by Partin, Harriette Crump. Earl Alexander Crump, North Carolina state highway engineer and personnel director, was a native of Lumberton and the son of Solomon and Nannie Nance Crump. Orphaned by the death of both parents [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Curtis, Moses Ashley
by Powell, William S. Moses Ashley Curtis, priest, teacher, botanist, and mycologist, was born in Stockbridge, Mass., the son of Jared and Thankful Ashley Curtis. His earliest education was received under his father, who [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Dabney, Charles William
by Bursey, Maurice M. Charles William Dabney, chemist and educator, was born at Hampden-Sydney, Va., the son of Margaretta Lavinia Morrison and Robert Lewis Dabney, conservative Presbyterian theologian, professor at Union [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Dalton, John Thomas
by Roberts, B. W. C. John Thomas Dalton, inventor, was born on a farm near Franklin Junction (now Gretna) in Pittsylvania County, Va. At a very early age he demonstrated an interest in mechanical devices, such as a [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Dancy, Frank Battle
by Smith, Maud Thomas. Frank Battle Dancy, chemist, teacher, and businessman, was born in Tarboro, the son of William Francis and Mary Eliza Battle Dancy. He attended the schools of Mrs. William D. Pender and Frank S. [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Dobbs, Arthur
by Davis, Richard Beale. Arthur Dobbs, colonial governor of North Carolina, surveyor-general of Ireland, promoter of exploration for a Northwest Passage, and scholar and scientist, was a son of the Enlightenment and one of [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Edgeworth, Richard
by MacDonald, Edgar E. Richard Edgeworth, mechanical engineer and planter, was born in Oxfordshire, England, at Black Bourton, the ancestral estate of his Hungerford grandmother. He was the oldest son of Richard Lovell [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Elliott, Aaron Marshall
by Sheppard, Juanita Ann. Aaron Marshall Elliott, philologist, was the son of Aaron Elliott and Rhoda Mendenhall Elliott. He was born near Elizabeth City, Pasquotank County, and lived there until 1847, when his family moved [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Emerson, Isaac Edward
by Blackburn, George T., II. Isaac Edward Emerson, chemist, manufacturer, sportsman, and philanthropist, was born in Orange County, the son of Robert J. Emerson, a farmer, and his wife, Cornelia Lewis Hudson of Wake County. [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Emmons, Ebenezer
by Knapp, R. F. Ebenezer Emmons, geologist, educator, and physician, was born in Middlefield, a village in western Massachusetts, of English ancestry. The single son of five siblings, his parents were farmer [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Fessenden, Reginald Aubrey
by Mitchell, Thornton W. Reginald Aubrey Fessenden, physicist and inventor, was born in East Bolton, Quebec, Canada, the son of the Reverend Elisha Joseph and Clementina Trenholme Fessenden. When Fessenden was nine, the [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Fries, John William
by Bair, Anna Withers. John William Fries, industrialist, inventor, student, and church leader, was born in Salem, the oldest son of Francis Levin and Lisetta Maria Vogler Fries. In 1840 Francis L. Fries had opened a [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gardner, Monroe Evans
by Carroll, Grady L. E. Monroe Evans Gardner, educator, scientist, and administrator, was born in Blacksburg, Va., the son of Charles Wesley and Flora Evans Gardner. He was educated at Blacksburg High School and Virginia [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gatling, James Henry
by Stephenson, E. Frank. James Henry Gatling, inventor, farmer, businessman, and wine maker, was born in Maney's Neck Township, Hertford County, the son of Jordan Gatling, an inventor and farmer, and Mary Barnes Gatling. He [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gatling, Richard Jordan
by Jordan, John Richard, Jr. Richard Jordan Gatling, inventor of the machine gun and numerous other devices, was born in the Maney's Neck section of Hertford County. His father was Jordan Gatling, a slaveholder who owned an [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gilchrist, Peter Spence
by Allan, Anna Brooke. Peter Spence Gilchrist, chemical engineer and specialist in sulfuric acid and fertilizer plants, was born in Manchester, England. His father, John Gilchrist, a Scotsman, was a chemical engineer and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gore, Joshua Walker
by Rigsbee, John Leonard. Joshua Walker Gore, engineer, inventor, and professor, was born in Frederick County, Va. His father was Mahlon Gore (d. 1860), the son of Thomas and Sarah Walker Gore. His paternal great-grandfather [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gudger, Eugene Willis
by Crittenden, Janet Quinlan. Eugene Willis Gudger, internationally known ichthyologist, was born in Waynesville, the son of James Cassius Lowery Gudger, adjutant of the Twenty-fifth North Carolina Regiment, Confederate Army, and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Hall, Frank Gregory
by Green, C. Sylvester. Frank Gregory Hall, aerospace scientist, was born in Johnstown, Wis., the son of Frank Dexter and Evelyn Kidder Hall. After receiving his preparatory education in local schools, he entered Milton [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Hanes, Frederick Moir
by Roff, Carolyn F. Hanes, Frederick Moir by Carolyn F. Roff, 1988 18 Sept. 1883–25 Mar. 1946 See also: Robert March Hanes and John Wesley Hanes, Jr., brothers. Frederick Moir Hanes, physician, educator, and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Harley, George Way
by Levy, Suzanne S. George Way Harley, Methodist missionary, physician, blacksmith, geographer, anthropologist, and researcher, was born in Asheville to George Gamewell (1862–1925) and Lillie [Lily] Way (1871–1959) [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Harrar, Ellwood Scott, Jr.
by Green, C. Sylvester. Ellwood Scott Harrar, Jr., wood technologist and educator, was born in Pittsburgh, Pa., the son of Ellwood Scott and Lucetta Elsie Sterner Harrar, both former residents of Allentown, Pa. His father, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Harriot (Hariot or Harriott), Thomas
by Shirley, John W. Thomas Harriot (Hariot or Harriott), explorer, navigational expert, mathematician, scientist, and astronomer, participated in Sir Walter Raleigh's early expeditions to America. His parentage or [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Harris, Isaac Foust
by Bursey, Maurice M. Isaac Foust Harris, chemist, was born in Chapel Hill, the son of Thomas West Harris, organizer and first head of the medical and pharmacy schools of The University of North Carolina, and Sally M. [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Hauser, Charles Roy
by Bursey, Maurice M., Bradsher, Charles K. Charles Roy Hauser, chemist and educator, was born in San Jose, Calif., the son of Charles H. and Elizabeth Rogan Hauser, but moved to Florida at an early age. He attended the University of Florida, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Hege, Constantine Alexander
by Powell, William S. Constantine Alexander Hege, merchant, inventor, and manufacturer, was born near Friedburg Moravian Church in Davidson County, the son of Solomon and Catherine Guinther Hege. Joining the Moravian [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Hentz, Nicholas Marcellus
by Walser, Richard. Nicholas Marcellus Hentz, teacher and America's first arachnologist, was born in Versailles, France, the youngest child of Nicholas and Marie-Anne Therèse Daubrée Hentz. He was the brother of Jean [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Herty, Charles Holmes
by York, Maury. Charles Holmes Herty, chemist, the son of Bernard and Louisa Turno Herty, was born in Milledgeville, Ga. He attended Middle Georgia Military and Agricultural College for four years before enrolling [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Herty, Charles Holmes, Jr.
by Bursey, Maurice M. Charles Holmes Herty, Jr., metallurgist and chemical engineer, was born in Athens, Ga., the son of Sophie Schaller and Charles H. Herty, then a faculty member at the University of Georgia. The family [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Hobbs, Samuel Huntington, Jr.
by Hirsch, Jerrold M. Hobbs, Samuel Huntington, Jr. by Jerrold M. Hirsch, 1988 4 Feb. 1895–16 Nov. 1969 Samuel Huntington Hobbs, Jr., rural sociologist, was born on a family farm near Clinton, the first son and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Hofmann, Julius Valentine
by Hofmann, Julian G. Julius Valentine Hofmann, teacher, administrator, forester, and conservationist, was born in Janesville, Minn., the youngest surviving child of Valentine and Rosalia Frodl Hofmann. His parents [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Holloman, George Vernon
by Holloman, Charles R. George Vernon Holloman, inventor and Army Air Corps officer, who from 1931 to 1945 pioneered in aeronautical engineering research and development, was born in Rich Square, the son of George Lycurgus [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Holmes, Joseph Austin
by Bedingfield, Frank, V. Joseph Austin Holmes, geologist, mining engineer, and conservationist, was born in Laurens, S.C., of English and Scotch-Irish ancestry, a descendant of William Holmes (1592–1678) of Marshfield, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Hotelling, Addyson Harold
by Hotelling, Harold, Jr. Addyson Harold Hotelling, mathematical statistician and economist, was born in Fulda, Minn., the son of Clair and Lucy Rawson Hotelling. (In later life he dropped his first name.) He moved to [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Howell, Edward Vernon
by Glover, Erma Williams. Edward Vernon Howell, pharmacist, university professor, banker, and founder and dean of The University of North Carolina School of Pharmacy, was, according to John Grover Beard, his successor, "the [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Hunter, Cyrus Lee
by Gass, W. Conard. Cyrus Lee Hunter, physician, scientist, and historian, was born in Lincoln (now Gaston) County, one of ten children of the Reverend Humphrey and Jane Ross Hunter. His father, of French Huguenot-Scots [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Hyams, Mordecai E.
by Powell, William S. Mordecai E. Hyams, botanist and herbalist, was born in Charleston, S.C., a descendant of Solomon Hyams who came to America from Prussia in 1744. Although an obituary notice reports that Hyams [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Jordan, Stroud
by Powell, William S. Jordan, Stroud by William S. Powell, 1988 11 Nov. 1885–28 Dec. 1947 Stroud Jordan, industrial chemist, was born at Caldwell Institute, Orange County, the son of Dr. Archibald Currie and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Kenan, William Rand, Jr.
by Kenan, Thomas S., III. William Rand Kenan, Jr., scientist, businessman, and philanthropist, was born in Wilmington. His father, William Rand Kenan, was born in Kenansville and became a wholesale merchant; his mother was [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Kerr, Washington Caruthers
by Noblin, Stuart. Kerr, Washington Caruthers by Stuart Noblin, 1988 24 May 1827–9 Aug. 1885 Washington Caruthers Kerr, geologist, was born in eastern Guilford County in the Alamance Creek–Alamance Church [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Kramsch, Samuel Gottlieb
by Powell, William S. Kramsch, Samuel Gottlieb by William S. Powell, 1988 7 Sept. 1756–2 Feb. 1824 Samuel Gottlieb Kramsch, minister, educator, and botanist, was born in Rudelstadt, Silesia, the son of Lutheran [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Lawrence, Joseph Joshua
by Johnston, Hugh Buckner. Lawrence, Joseph Joshua by Hugh Buckner Johnston, 1991 28 Jan. 1836–14 Mar. 1909 Joseph Joshua Lawrence, chemist, physician, editor, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Lewis, Exum Percival
by Horne, Meade B. B. Exum Percival Lewis, physicist and educator, was born in Edgecombe County. His father, Henry Exum Lewis, grandson of Colonel Exum Lewis of the Edgecombe militia, practiced medicine in Edgecombe and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Livermon, Carl Raby
by Peele, Lois Jacobs. Carl Raby Livermon, inventor, was born at his parents' home in Roxobel, with his maternal great uncle, Dr. Preston C. Jenkins, in attendance. He was the son of Asa Thomas (1847–1929), a Roxobel [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
London, Fritz Wolfgang
by Stauter, Mark C. Fritz Wolfgang London, physicist and theoretical chemist, was born in Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland), the son of Franz and Luise Hamburger London. In 1904 his father, a professor of [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Lowdermilk, Walter Clay
by Helms, J. Douglas. Walter Clay Lowdermilk, soil conservationist, was born in Liberty, Randolph County, the son of Henry Clay and Helen Vashti Lawrence Lowdermilk. In his youth the family moved to Missouri, then to [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Lyon, John
by Inscoe, John. Lyon, John by John Inscoe, 1991 1765?–14 Sept. 1814 John Lyon, botanist and plant [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Lytch, James
by Bullock, Walter Richard, Jr. James Lytch, inventor, was the son of Archibald and Flora McEachin Lytch. His mother was the daughter of John McEachin (b. 1740) and his wife Mary Currie (b. 1750). John McEachin emigrated from [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
MacNider, William de Berniere
by Simpson, Marcus B., Jr. William de Berniere MacNider, physician, pharmacologist, and medical educator, was born in Chapel Hill, the son of Virginius St. Clair and Sophia Beatty Mallett MacNider. Both his father and his [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Mangum, Priestley Hinton, Jr.
by Kearney, H. Thomas, Jr. Mangum, Priestley Hinton, Jr. by H. Thomas Kearney, Jr., 1991 21 Aug. 1829–26 Feb. 1907 See also: Mangum [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Massey, Wilbur Fisk
by Kearney, H. Thomas, Jr. Wilbur Fisk Massey, horticulturist, educator, and agricultural journalist, was born in Onancock, Accomac County, Va., the son of James A. and Anne Parker Massey. After spending much of his childhood [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
McDougall, William
by Mauskopf, Seymour H. McDougall, William by Seymour H. Mauskopf, 1991 22 June 1871–28 Nov. 1938 William McDougall, psychologist, was born in Lancashire, England, the son of Rebekah Smalley and Isaac Shimwell [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Means, Alexander
by Powell, William S. Means, Alexander by William S. Powell, 1991 6 Feb. 1801–5 June [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Metcalf, Zeno Payne
by Bostian, Carey H. Zeno Payne Metcalf, scientist and teacher, was born in Lakeville, Ohio, the son of Abel Crawford and Catherine Fulmer Metcalf; he grew up on the family farm with six brothers. Throughout life he [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Michaux, André
by Inscoe, John C. Michaux, André by John C. Inscoe, 1991 7 Mar. 1746–November 1802 See also: Oconee Bells André Michaux, French botanist, explorer, and writer, was born at Satory, near Versailles. From an [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Michaux, François André
by Inscoe, John C. François André Michaux, French botanist, explorer, and writer, was the only child of André Michaux. His mother, Cecile Claye Michaux, died just after his birth at Satory, near Versailles. In 1785 he [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Miller, Banner Isom
by Bardill, Mark D. Banner Isom Miller, meteorologist, geophysicist, and an authority on tropical storms, was born in Lansing, Ashe County, in the northwestern corner of North Carolina. He was graduated from high school [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Mitchell, Elisha
by Watson, Elgiva D. Elisha Mitchell, educator, geologist, Presbyterian minister, and explorer, was born in Washington, Conn., the oldest son of Abner, a farmer, and Phoebe Eliot Mitchell. Abner was a descendant of [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Moore, Enoch William
by Butler, Lindley S. Enoch William Moore, businessman and inventor, was born in Rockingham County, the son of James Wright and his second wife, Emily Branson Moore. James W. Moore's first wife was Marinda Branson, who in [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Moore, Joseph
by Moore, J. Floyd. Moore, Joseph by J. Floyd Moore, 1991 29 Feb. 1832–9 July 1905 See also:  Guilford College (from the Encylopedia of North [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Morehead, John Motley, III
by Haylor, Ada P. Morehead, John Motley, III by Ada P. Haylor, 1991 3 Nov. 1870–7 Jan. 1965 John Motley Morehead, III, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Morgan, Mark
by Glover, Erma Williams. Mark Morgan, Confederate soldier, industrial pioneer, banker, legislator, and philanthropist, was born on a farm near Lillington, Harnett County, the youngest son of Reese (or Reece) (1804–47) and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Murphy, George Moseley
by Bursey, Maurice M. Murphy, George Moseley by Maurice M. Bursey, 1991 1 June 1903–7 Dec. 1968 George Moseley Murphy, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Murphy, James Bumgardner
by Stevens, William P. James Bumgardner Murphy, research physician, the son of Dr. Patrick Livingston and Bettie W. Bumgardner Murphy, was born in Morganton, where his father was a psychiatrist at the state hospital. An [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Olmsted, Denison
by Parker, John M., III. Denison Olmsted, teacher and physical scientist, was born in East Hartford, Conn., into a family of early New England settlers. He was the fourth child of Nathaniel Olmsted, a respected farmer of [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Parker, Surry
by Bosman, Jane Parker. Parker, Surry by Jane Parker Bosman, 1994 1 Dec. 1866–21 Apr. 1942 Surry Parker, designer and builder of steam logging machinery and founder of Pinetown, was born in Nansemond County, Va., [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Patterson, Andrew Henry
by Powell, William S. Andrew Henry Patterson, scientist and professor, was born in Salem, the son of Colonel Rufus Lenoir and Mary Elizabeth Fries Patterson. He was graduated from The University of North Carolina in 1891 [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Patterson, Rufus Lenoir, Jr.
by Neal, Ellen Barrier. Rufus Lenoir Patterson, Jr., inventor and businessman, was born in Salem, the son of lawyer, planter, and paper mill owner Rufus Lenoir (1830–79) and his second wife Mary Elizabeth Fries Patterson [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Pearson, Thomas Gilbert
by Orr, Oliver H., Jr. Pearson, Thomas Gilbert by Oliver H. Orr, Jr., 1994 10 Nov. 1873–3 Sept. 1943 See also: Audubon Society of North Carolina (from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina); Conservation Movement, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Phillips, William Battle
by Bursey, Maurice M. William Battle Phillips, mining engineer and educator, was the first recipient of an earned Ph.D. degree from The University of North Carolina. He was born in Chapel Hill, the son of Charles [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Piggot, Aaron Snowden
by Powell, William S. Aaron Snowden Piggot, physician, dentist, chemist, and professor, was born in Philadelphia, the son of the Reverend Dr. Robert Piggot, stipple engraver and Episcopal clergyman, and his wife Rebecca [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Pogue, Joseph Ezekiel, Jr.
by Sitterson, J. Carlyle. Pogue, Joseph Ezekiel, Jr. by J. Carlyle Sitterson, 1994 6 June 1887–17 Dec. 1971 See also: Pogue, Joseph Ezekiel, Sr. Joseph Ezekiel Pogue, Jr., geologist, petroleum engineer, and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Powell, Thomas Edward, Jr.
by Troxler, George W. Powell, Thomas Edward, Jr. by George W. Troxler, 1994 6 July 1899–3 Dec. 1987 Thomas Edward Powell, Jr., founder of the Carolina [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Pratt, Joseph Hyde
by Herndon, Charles A., III. Joseph Hyde Pratt, geologist, conservationist, and state and local civic leader, was born in Hartford, Conn., the son of James Church and Jennie Abby Peck Pratt of the Peck and Hyde families of [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Prouty, William Frederick
by Prouty, William Walker. Prouty, William Frederick by William Walker Prouty, 1994 15 Aug. 1879–27 June [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Rains, Gabriel James
by Branch, Paul. Gabriel James Rains, career soldier, Confederate general, and inventor, was born in New Bern, Craven County, the elder son of Gabriel M. and Hester Ambrose Rains. His brother, George Washington [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Raper, John Robert
by Copeland, J. Isaac. John Robert Raper, botanist of international note, was born in Davidson County, near the hamlet of Welcome. He was the youngest of eight children—seven sons and one daughter—of William Franklin [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Reed, Walter
by Parramore, Thomas C. Walter Reed, bacteriologist, was born at Belroi, Va., the son of Lemuel Sutton and Pharaba White Reed. It is thought that he was a lineal descendant of William Reed, a colonial governor of North [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Reilley, Charles Norwood
by Bursey, Maurice M. Charles Norwood Reilley, chemist and educator, was one of the world's guiding lights of the renaissance in analytic chemistry after World War II and only the second analytic chemist in modern times [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Rice, Oscar Knefler
by Bursey, Maurice M. Oscar Knefler Rice, chemist and educator, was cited in an honorary Sc.D. degree, awarded posthumously by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill a few days after his death, as "very likely [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Riddick, Thomas Moore
by Roberts, B. W. C. Riddick, Thomas Moore by B. W. C. Roberts, 1994 3 Jan. 1907–26 May 1975 Thomas Moore Riddick, consulting engineer and chemist, was born in Woodville, Perquimans County, the son of Dr. Thomas [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Rosenau, Milton Joseph
by Bullock, J. Marshall. Milton Joseph Rosenau, epidemiologist and founder of the School of Public Health at The University of North Carolina, was born in Philadelphia, Pa., the son of Matilda Blitz and Nathan Rosenau, a [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Schenck, Carl Alwin
by McIntyre, Pattie Bartee. Schenck, Carl Alwin by Pattie Bartee McIntyre, 1994 25 Mar. 1868–15 May 1955 See also: Biltmore Forest [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Schweinitz, Emil Alexander de
by Edmonds, Marion M. Emil Alexander de Schweinitz, biochemist, author, and educator, was born in the Moravian town of Salem, the sixth child and only son of Bishop Emil Adolphus and Sophia Hermann de Schweinitz. His [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Schweinitz, Lewis David von
by Smith, Rosamond C. Lewis David von Schweinitz, Moravian clergyman and internationally respected botanist, was born in Bethlehem, Pa. His parents, Hans Christian Alexander and Dorothea Elizabeth von Watteville von [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Scott, Andrew
by Parramore, T. C. Andrew Scott, physician and natural scientist, left Prince Georges County, Md., and settled in North Carolina about 1753. While practicing in Maryland, Dr. Scott on at least one occasion sent a [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Smith, Conaro Drayton
by Powell, William S. Conaro Drayton Smith, clergyman, geologist, and author, was born in Buncombe County, the son of Samuel and Mary Jarrett Smith. The family moved in 1820 to land the elder Smith bought that year when [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Smith, Henry Louis
by Preyer, Norris W. Smith, Henry Louis by Norris W. Preyer, 1994 30 July 1859–27 Feb. 1951 Henry Louis Smith, physicist and college president, was [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Smith, John Baptist
by Gaddy, David Winfred. John Baptist Smith, Confederate army signal officer and inventor of a forerunner of naval blinker signaling, was born at Hycotee in Caswell County, the fifth child of Richard Ivy (an 1820 graduate of [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Smith, Peter Evans
by Smith, Claiborne T., Jr. Peter Evans Smith, inventor, the eldest son of William R., Jr., and Susan Evans Smith, was born at the Edgecombe plantation of his maternal grandfather, Peter Evans. He received his early education [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Snow, William Henry
by Mcpherson, Holt. William Henry Snow, lumberman and furniture manufacturer, was born at Montpelier, Washington County, Vt., the son of William and Emily Haynes Snow. His father, a farmer and stock raiser, disappeared [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Spoon, William Luther, Jr.
by McKown, Harry W., Jr. William Luther Spoon, Jr., engineer, inventor, and farmer, was born near Kimesville, Alamance County, the only son of George Monroe and Nancy Stafford Shoffner Spoon. He attended the public schools [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Stanback, Thomas Melville
by Powell, William S. Thomas Melville Stanback, pharmacist, was born in Byhalia, Miss., the son of Charles and Della Ingram Stanback. His parents had moved from Richmond County, N.C., a few years before his birth and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Steele, James Columbus
by Macnicholas, John. Steele, James Columbus by John Macnicholas, 1994 10 July 1839–13 July 1921 James Columbus Steele, inventor and industrialist, was born near [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Steppe, Clarence Maddrey
by Powell, William S. Clarence Maddrey Steppe, landscape nurseryman, was born at Dana in eastern Henderson County, the son of Norman Fanning and Annie Laurie Fordham Steppe. Known throughout life as "Kit," he was [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Stone, Charles H.
by Bursey, Maurice M. Charles H. Stone, chemist and pioneer southern dyestuff manufacturer, was born in Stokes County, the son of Thomas J. and Charlotte Venable Stone. He attended the Boonville Academy in Yadkin County [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Stuckey, Jasper Leonidas
by Parker, John M., III. Jasper Leonidas Stuckey, geologist, college professor, and state administrator, was born on a small farm in eastern Johnston County. The oldest of seven children, he was the son of John Haywood, a [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Taylor, Haywood Maurice
by Powell, William S. Haywood Maurice Taylor, toxicologist and biochemist, was born near Tarboro, Edgecombe County, the son of David Dawson and Margaret Elizabeth Brown Taylor. His studies at The University of North [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Todd, Furney Albert
by Toler, Maurice. Todd, Furney Albert by Maurice Toler, 1996 3 Oct. 1921–3 Mar. [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Totten, Henry Roland
by Powell, William S. Totten, Henry Roland by William S. Powell, 1996 6 Nov. 1892–9 Feb. 1974 See also: Totten, William Theophilus, from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography Henry Roland Totten, botanist [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Turrentine, John William
by Stokes, Durward T. John William Turrentine, chemist, was born in Company Shops (later renamed Burlington), the son of William Holt and Ella Anvil Rea Turrentine and a descendant of Alexander Turrentine, a migrant from [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Venable, Francis Preston
by Gass, W. Conard. Francis Preston Venable, educator and chemist, was born in Prince Edward County, Va., near Farmville, the son of Charles Scott and Margaret Cantey McDowell Venable. His half brother, Dr. Charles S. [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Weil, Lionel
by Bodman, Ellen-Fairbanks Diggs. Lionel Weil, agronomist, conservationist, and merchant, was the son of Solomon and Sarah Einstein Weil of Goldsboro, Wayne County. After attending the Goldsboro public schools, he received a Ph.B. [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Wells, Bertram Whittier
by Thorp, James Mercer, Jr. Bertram Whittier Wells, botanist, teacher, and author, was born in Troy, Ohio, the son of the Reverend Edward T., a Methodist minister, and Lucia Morehouse Wells. Identification of a rare wildflower [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Wheeler, Alvin Sawyer
by Bursey, Maurice M. Wheeler, Alvin Sawyer by Maurice M. Bursey, 1996 2 Nov. 1866–12 May 1940 Alvin Sawyer Wheeler, the first organic chemist in North [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Whitaker, William Asbury
by London, Lawrence F. Whitaker, William Asbury by Lawrence F. London, 1996 7 May 1883–28 Feb. 1960 William Asbury Whitaker, teacher, scientist, and business executive, the son of William Asbury and Anna Bitting [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Williams, David Marshall (Carbine)
by Jones, H. G. Williams, David Marshall (Carbine) by H. G. Jones, 1996 13 Nov. 1900–8 Jan. [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Williamson, Hugh
by Humber, John L. Hugh Williamson, educator, physician, legislator, merchant, scientist, scholar, and signer of the U.S. Constitution for North Carolina, was born near Octorara Creek in West Nottingham Township, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Winecoff, Thomas Edward
by Bingham, Warren L. Thomas Edward Winecoff, minister and scientist, was born in Concord, the son of James and Margaret McKibben Winecoff. After he was graduated (1890) and obtained a master of arts degree (1893) from [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Withers, William Alphonso
by Bursey, Maurice M. William Alphonso Withers, agricultural chemist and founder of chemistry at North Carolina State University, was born in Riverview, near Davidson, and reared on a farm there, the son of William Banks [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Wright, Orville
by Troxler, George W. WRIGHT, ORVILLE by George W. Troxler, 1996 19 Aug. 1871–30 Jan. 1948 See also:  Wright, Wilbur (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography); Wright Brothers in North Carolina [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Wright, Wilbur
by Troxler, George W. Wright, Wilbur by George W. Troxler, 1996 16 Apr. 1867–30 May 1912 See also:  Wright, Orville (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography); Wright Brothers in North Carolina (from Tar [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Wynne, William (Will) Andrew
by Powell, William S. William (Will) Andrew Wynne, bicyclist, professional baseball player, and radio pioneer, was born near the community of Neuse in Wake County, the son of William W. and Elizabeth Culbreth Wynne. In [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Yeates, William Smith
by Moore, James Elliott. William Smith Yeates, first state geologist of Georgia, was born at Murfreesboro, the son of Jesse Jackson, a prominent attorney and U.S. congressman, and Virginia Scott Yeates. He attended the [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
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