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Battle of Moores Creek Bridge

American Revolution

by Josh Howard
Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History, 2009
http://www.ncmarkers.com

Moores Creek Bridge photoFrom February 15 to 21, 1776, the days leading up to the Battle of Moores Creek Bridge, Whig forces under commander Colonel James Moore camped on Rockfish Creek. At that site they were eight miles south of Cross Creek (present-day Fayetteville) where Royal Governor Josiah Martin’s representative, Alexander McLean, and British officers General Donald MacDonald and Captain Donald McLeod were assembling a Loyalist militia. Their goal was to march the Loyalists to Wilmington and there defeat the Patriots, returning North Carolina to British rule. By fortifying the encampment at Rockfish Creek with over 1,000 men and five artillery pieces, Moore blocked the Loyalists’s most direct route to the coast.

To get around Moore’s blockade, Loyalists were forced to cross the Cape Fear River at Campbelton and use Negro Head Point Road, a route that crossed Moore’s Creek. When Col. Moore learned of the Loyalists’s chosen route, he sent messages to Colonel Richard Caswell to block their route at Corbett’s Ferry over the Black River, to Colonel Alexander Martin and Colonel James Thackston to take possession of Cross Creek to prevent their retreat, and to Colonel Alexander Lillington to fortify Moores Creek bridge. Moore led his men to Elizabeth Town in hopes of meeting the Loyalists on their way to Corbett’s Ferry. Aware of the location of Moore’s and Caswell’s forces, the Loyalists constructed a bridge four miles above the ferry and continued on towards Moores Creek. There they were met by artillery and rifles from Caswell’s and Lillington’s forces. By the time Col. Moore and his men arrived at Moores Creek bridge, the battle was over. The Patriots had defeated the Loyalists, killing or wounding at least fifty men. Moore and his men pursued the remaining Loyalists and captured 850 soldiers. With the victory at Moores Creek Bridge, North Carolina was saved from being overrun by the British.

References:

William L. Saunders, ed., Colonial Records of North Carolina, XI, 283

Hugh Franklin Rankin, “Moore’s Creek Bridge Campaign, 1776,” North Carolina Historical Review (January 1953): 23-60

Additional Resources:

National Park Service, Moores Creek website: http://www.nps.gov/mocr/

"The Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge." Revolutionary North Carolina. LearnNC.org. http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-revolution/4267 (accessed December 5, 2012).

Capps, Michael A. and Davis, Steven A. Moore's Creek National Battlefield: An Administrative History. National Park Service, Department of the Interior. June 1999. http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/mocr/adhi_1.htm (accessed December 5, 2012).

 

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Comments

Comment: 

My 5th Great Grandfather, William O. Allen fought at Moore's Creek!

Comment: 

I am looking for a John or Malcom Smith or a McNeill who might have fought here. Anyone know of these names who might have fought in this war?

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My Grandfather 5 generations back...Capt. James Shipman fought at Moores Creek Bridge.He lived in the Brown Marsh all of his life and only left his home during the war. He come home to find that they had burned his Mother's home to the ground and burned his home as well. I am mosted interested in my G
Genealogical History. Thank you for this very Educational Website.

Comment: 

I used to visit your blog and I am happy to find various information shared here. It is really exciting to read about various events occurred during American Revolution. I enjoyed each bit of the battle of Moores Creek Bridge.

Comment: 

it helped alot

Comment: 

it has to much information i dont wanna read it all

Comment: 

This helped soooooooo much in my 4 grade class (:

Comment: 

My 5th grandfather (Henry Senter) fought at Moores Bridge during the American Revolution. Looking forward to visiting it in Jan 2014.

Comment: 

omg!!! thanks so much for helping I had to make a poster and 3-D model for the battle of Moore's Creek and it was so helpful!!!

Comment: 

this website helped sooo much because we are making a newscast in school and it helped sooo much

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