Average: 3.7 (7 votes)
Anson County

Anson County seal

LAND AREA: 531.45 square miles
2013 POPULATION ESTIMATE: 26,161
White: 48.2%
Black/African American: 48.5%
American Indian: 0.8%
Asian: 1.2%    
Pacific Islander: 0.1%
Two or more races: 1.3%
Hispanic/Latino: 3.4% (of any race)

From State & County QuickFacts, US Census Bureau, 2014.

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Anson County

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Piedmont region

Geographic Information

REGION: Piedmont
RIVER BASIN: Yadkin-Pee Dee
NEIGHBORING COUNTIES: Montgomery, Richmond, Stanly, Union

Anson County, NC

by Peter Bangma, 2006

Anson County, located on the eastern edge of North Carolina's Piedmont region, along the South Carolina border, was formed in 1750 with the division of Bladen County. The county takes its name from George Lord Anson (1697-1762), then First Lord of the British Admiralty. For a time, Anson County was one of the largest territories in the colony, with borders that theoretically extended westward as far as the Mississippi River. Later, portions of Anson County became Mecklenburg, Montgomery, Richmond, and Union Counties. Its county seat, Wadesboro, was established in 1783 and was known as New Town until 1787, when it was renamed for Revolutionary War soldier and North Carolina legislator Col. Thomas Wade. Other communities in the county include Ansonville, Cedar Hill, Lilesville, McFarlan, Morven, Peachland, Polkton, Pee Dee, and White Store.

Anson County was home to a considerable population of Catawba and Cheraw Indians, whose settlements along the Pee Dee River offered important trading outposts for British and Scotch-Irish immigrants who came to the region. Today, the Pee Dee River region in the county's northeast is home to the 8,443-acre Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge, one of ten such refuges in the state.

Anson County remained largely rural throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Leonidas L. Polk, North Carolina's first commissioner of agriculture and president of the National Farmers' Alliance, was born in the county and founded the town of Polkton in 1875. As in other Piedmont counties, textile production became an increasingly important part of the local economy in the nineteenth century. Anson County was the site of the nation's first soil conservation district, Brown Creek, established in 1937.

In the middle and late twentieth century, growth in nearby Charlotte and surrounding areas led to some increased growth in Anson County. By the early twenty-first century it remained largely rural and small in overall population, but a growing number of residents were moving to the county for its quiet lifestyle within a relatively short distance of the Charlotte-Mecklenburg metropolitan area. Anson County's population was estimated to be 25,700 in 2004.

Reference:

Mary L. Medley, History of Anson County, North Carolina, 1750-1976 (1976).

Additional resources:

Anson County Government: http://www.co.anson.nc.us/

Anson County Chamber of Commerce: http://www.ansoncounty.org/

DigitalNC, Anson County: http://digitalnc.org/counties/anson-county

Image credits:

Rudersdorf, Amy. 2010. "NC County Maps." Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.

Authors: 
Origin - location: 

Comments

You guys should add a top ten facts for each county!

Can you give information for culture

Hi,

Thanks for visiting NCpedia.

Is there a particular aspect of culture that you're looking for about Anson County? That will help us suggest information and resources for your question.

Please feel free to post back here.

Thanks!

Kelly Agan, NC Government & Heritage Library

Is there more information about the Native Americans in Anson County? I have an ancestor who was Native American from that area and would like to know more about them and their history.

Hi Gaye,

Thank you for visiting NCpedia.  That is a very good question.

NCpedia has a number of resources on American Indian history in the state.  And this includes a number of maps that show areas of the region that tribes historically lived in.  Here is a link to a collection page that you can explore to look at these resources: http://ncpedia.org/exploring-north-carolina-native

Here is a map from that page showing tribe locations at the time of European contact -- http://ncpedia.org/american-indians/european-contact.  You can see there tribes that were generally in the region that is now Anson County.  You'll also see a map showing contemporary location of tribes in North Carolina.

I hope this helps!  Please feel free to reply back here if you need additional help finding information.

Best wishes,

Kelly Agan, NC Governmetn & Heritage Library

 

interested in running for County Commissioner is District 3

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