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This article is from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina edited by William S. Powell. Copyright © 2006 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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Proclamation of 1763

by Donna J. Spindel, 2006

See also: Tryon's Line.

"The Proclamation Line of 1763." Photo courtesy of Learn NC. The Proclamation of 1763 is intimately tied to the history of English-Native American relations during the colonial era. The purpose of the proclamation was to stop white settlers or traders from exploiting American Indians. Although that relationship varied from one colony to another, by the eighteenth century most coastal tribes had already been decimated by disease or war or had moved westward. But even those who migrated to the interior came to rely on European trade, a fact that led to destructive competition among the tribes. Determined to preserve their way of life before the European advance, several northern tribes led by Pontiac, an Ottawa chief, launched a major offensive against English forts in the west. This episode, known as Pontiac's Conspiracy, prompted the English government to issue the Proclamation of 1763.

This decree established the governments of East and West Florida and Quebec, reserved the enormous western lands outside of these areas to Native Americans, imposed strict regulations on the fur trade, and required the approval of royal officials of any land purchases in the future. If the proclamation was to preserve peace on the frontier, it was also designed to limit the areas of white settlement and thereby keep the growing rebellious attitude of the colonists under close scrutiny. The line of 1763, beyond which white settlers could not advance, extended across the western border of North Carolina. At this time, however, England's new policy had minimal impact on the colony since white settlement there had not extended to the western line.

 

Reference:

Ian K. Steele, Warpaths: Invasions of North America (1994).

Image Credit:

"The Proclamation Line of 1763." Photo courtesy of Learn NC. Available from http://www.learnnc.org/lp/multimedia/8825 (accessed May 24, 2012).

Additional Resources: Learn NC: http://www.learnnc.org/lp/multimedia/8825

 

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