Geography

Geography
Backcountry
by Butler, Lindley S. Backcountry was the term used during the early settlement and colonial periods for the vast interior of North Carolina, located away from the coastline and including both the modern-day Piedmont and [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Boundaries, State
by Norris, David A. Boundaries, State by David A. Norris, 2006 See also: Carolinas, Separation of; History of the Dividing Line; Tennessee, Formation of; Walton War. North Carolina borders the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Bute County
by Hill, Michael. Bute County was a Piedmont North Carolina county between 1764 and 1779. It was named for the Earl of Bute, the prime minister of Great Britain during the reign of King George III. In 1779 Bute County [...] (from Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History.)
Cape Fear
by Jackson, Claude V. Cape Fear in modern-day Brunswick County projects into the Atlantic Ocean at the southeastern tip of Smith Island, near the mouth of the Cape Fear River and adjacent to the area known as Bald Head. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cape Hatteras National Seashore
by Angley, Wilson, Stick, David. Cape Hatteras National Seashore by Wilson Angley, 2006 Additional research provided by David Stick. See also: Lighthouses; Cape Hatteras Lighthouse (from UNC-CH); Lighthouses Map; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Carolana
by Butler, Lindley S. Carolana, "land of Charles," referred to the area south of Virginia granted on 30 Oct. 1629 by King Charles I to his attorney general, Sir Robert Heath. The grant was part of the Crown policy to [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Carolina
by Butler, Lindley S. Carolina was a Proprietary colony established by England's King Charles II through the charter of 24 Mar. 1663 that granted eight Lords Proprietors all of the land on the North American continent [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Carolina Bays
by Powell, William S. Carolina Bays are oval depressions in the earth's surface concentrated on either side of the North Carolina-South Carolina boundary. They are most numerous in Bladen County, although some are found [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Carolinas, Separation of
by Cain, Robert J. Carolinas, Separation of by Robert J. Cain, 2006 The province of Carolina given by England's King Charles II to the Lords Proprietors in 1663 and 1665 constituted a single grant. In 1664 [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Climate and Weather Overview
by Robinson, Peter J. Weather and Climate by Peter J. Robinson University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Geography, 2005. Reprinted with permission from The North Carolina Atlas [...] (from North Carolina Atlas Revisited.)
Climate and Weather- Part 1: Introduction
by Robinson, Peter J., Fishel, Gregory B. Climate and Weather by Peter J. Robinson and Gregory B. Fishel, 2006 See also: Climate and Weather Overview (from NC Atlas Revisited) Weather and Climate in a Snap! Related: [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Climate and Weather- Part 2: Climatic Factors, Precipitation Patterns, and Seasonal Trends
by Robinson, Peter J., Fishel, Gregory B. Climate and Weather by Peter J. Robinson and Gregory B. Fishel, 2006 See also: Climate and Weather Overview (from NC Atlas Revisited) Weather and Climate in a Snap! Related: [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Climate and Weather- Part 3: Droughts and Floods in North Carolina
by Robinson, Peter J., Fishel, Gregory B. Climate and Weather by Peter J. Robinson and Gregory B. Fishel, 2006 See also: Climate and Weather Overview (from NC Atlas Revisited) Weather and Climate in a Snap! Related: [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Coastal plain (from NC Atlas Revisited)
by Diemer, John A., Bobyarchick, Andy R. Coastal Plain by Dr. John A. Diemer and Dr. Andy R. Bobyarchick Dept. of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 2005. Reprinted with permission from The North [...] (from North Carolina Atlas Revisited.)
Counties
by Stick, David. The formation of counties was one of the first matters attended to by the Lords Proprietors after they received their charter in 1663 from King Charles II for the vast tract of land in America he [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Dismal Swamp Canal
by Simpson, Bland. Dismal Swamp Canal, believed to be the oldest existing excavated waterway in America, runs generally north and south for 22 miles between Deep Creek, Va., and South Mills, N.C. The canal connects the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Dobbs County
by Wegner, Ansley Herring. In 1758 the General Assembly decided that Johnston County should be divided and that the newly formed county would be known as Dobbs, in honor of Arthur Dobbs, the Royal Governor of the colony of [...] (from Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History.)
Earthquakes
by Cole, J. Timothy. Earthquakes are not considered a serious threat by many North Carolinians, although dozens of earthquakes have been recorded in the state since 1755. An earthquake may be defined as a shaking or [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
East-West Rivalry
by Williams, Wiley J., Cockrell, David L. The East-West rivalry is the name for a particularly potent form of sectionalism that has been a major factor in the political, social, and economic development of North Carolina. The state's varied [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Exploring North Carolina: Geography & Climate
by . Exploring North Carolina:  Geography, Geology & Climate Introductory resources on North Carolina Geography & Geology North Carolina's Regions North Carolina Climate & [...] (from NCpedia.)
Exploring North Carolina: Geography, Environment & Places
by Agan, Kelly. Exploring North Carolina: Geography, Environment & [...] (from NCpedia.)
Fall Line
by Fowlkes, Jim. The Fall line, or fall zone, in North Carolina is defined in geological terms as the line of erosion between the piedmont and the coastal plain regions at which hard, erosion-resistant rocks descend [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Geography & Environment
by Horton, Emily S. Geography & Environment   Cities Climate & Weather Counties Exploring North Carolina: Geography & Climate Exploring North Carolina: Geography & [...] (from NCpedia.)
Geography- Part 1: Introduction
by Simpson, Bland, Butler, Lindley S., Inscoe, John C., Compton, Stephen C. Geography by Lindley S. Butler and Bland Simpson, 2006 Additional research provided by Stephen C. Compton and John C. Inscoe. See also: Backcountry; Cape Fear; Fall Line; Great Dismal [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Geography- Part 2: The Cradle of North Carolina: Coastal Plain and Sandhills
by Simpson, Bland, Butler, Lindley S., Inscoe, John C., Compton, Stephen C. Geography by Lindley S. Butler and Bland Simpson, 2006 Additional research provided by Stephen C. Compton and John C. Inscoe. See also: Our State Geography in a Snap: The Coastal Plain [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Geography- Part 3: The Piedmont Region: Economic Center of the State
by Simpson, Bland, Butler, Lindley S., Inscoe, John C., Compton, Stephen C. Geography by Lindley S. Butler and Bland Simpson, 2006 Additional research provided by Stephen C. Compton and John C. Inscoe. See also: Our State Geography in a Snap: The Piedmont [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Geography- Part 4: Rugged Beauty and Age-Old Culture: The Mountain Region
by Simpson, Bland, Butler, Lindley S., Inscoe, John C., Compton, Stephen C. Geography by Lindley S. Butler and Bland Simpson, 2006 Additional research provided by Stephen C. Compton and John C. Inscoe. See also: Our State Geography in a Snap: The Mountain [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Geologic history (from NC Atlas Revisited)
by Diemer, John A., Bobyarchick, Andy R. Geologic history by Dr. John A. Diemer and Dr. Andy R. BobyarchickDept. of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 2005. Reprinted with permission [...] (from North Carolina Atlas Revisited.)
Great Dismal Swamp
by Simpson, Bland. The mysteriously and formidably named Great Dismal Swamp straddles the North Carolina-Virginia border only a few miles inland from the Atlantic coast. This region was referred to in correspondence as [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gulf Stream
by Powell, William S. The Gulf stream is a warm current in the Atlantic Ocean that flows out of the Gulf of Mexico along the east coast of the United States and east in the North Atlantic toward Europe. The Gulf Stream [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
History of the Dividing Line
by Butler, Lindley S. History of the Dividing Line refers to the lively account, written by Virginia commissioner William Byrd II, of the North Carolina-Virginia boundary line that was surveyed by a joint commission in [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Isothermal Belt
by McCraw, Paul L. The isothermal belt is a zone in western North Carolina, primarily in Rutherford and Polk Counties, in which temperature inversion resulting in milder temperature contributes to longer growing [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Lakes
by Hairr, John, Simpson, Bland. Lakes can be found in virtually every part of North Carolina, although all of the state's natural freshwater lakes of consequence are located in the eastern region of the state. Most North Carolina [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Land Grants Part 2: Important Land Speculators of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
by Towles, Louis P., Southern, David. Among the first land speculators to receive grants were Richard Averitt, Maj. George Pollock, William Little, John Lovick, and Edward Moseley. Averitt was in fact Sir Richard Everard, the last [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Land Grants Part 3: Land Grants and the Recruitment of Settlers to the Carolina Colony
by Towles, Louis P., Southern, David. Land grants were also given to individuals on a much more modest scale. A recipient, in exchange for a land grant, was obliged to pay each year an established rent (called a quitrent), either [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Land of Eden
by Butler, Lindley S. Land of Eden by Lindley S. Butler, 2006 The Land of Eden was the name William Byrd II gave to his 20,000-acre grant in the Dan River Valley in North [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Language Tells NC History
by Wolfram, Walt, Reaser, Jeffrey. Have you ever used a juvember for target practice, seen a boomer in a tree, or acted like a dingbatter? If you know what these words mean, you probably have traveled all over North Carolina and know [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Largest cities in NC
by Underhill, Michelle Czaikowski. Largest Cities in North Carolina Ten NC Cities with the largest estimated populations in 2011: 1. Charlotte (Mecklenburg county). 751,999 2. [...] (from NCpedia.)
Linville Gorge
by Simpson, Marcus B., Jr. Linville Gorge is among the most spectacular and ecologically important natural areas in North Carolina. Located in Burke and McDowell Counties, the gorge was carved by the Linville River, which [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Lost Provinces
by Powell, William S. "Lost provinces" was a term applied to the region of North Carolina consisting of the counties of Currituck, Camden, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Chowan, and Gates. Because of their location north of the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Manteo to Murphy
by Williams, Wiley J. "Manteo to Murphy" is a phrase often used in reference to the entire east-west width of North Carolina, particularly when describing a phenomenon that touches all regions of the state. The phrase was [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Map - Civil War Campaigns and Battles
by Moore, Mark Anderson. Civil War campaigns and battles. Map by Mark Anderson Moore Courtesy North Carolina Office of Archives and History, Raleigh.   Back to Civil [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Maps
by Powell, William S., Stephenson, Richard A. The story of cartography, or mapmaking, in the North Carolina region may have begun with the Vinland map of 1440. Although its authenticity has been questioned, the map gives ample evidence, as [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Mountains (from NC Atlas Revisited)
by Diemer, John A., Bobyarchick, Andy R. Mountains by Dr. John A. Diemer and Dr. Andy R. Bobyarchick Dept. of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 2005. Reprinted with permission from The North [...] (from North Carolina Atlas Revisited.)
Natural Communities of North Carolina
by Sorrell, Mickey Jo. Natural Communities of North Carolina by Mickey Jo Sorrell, 2014. A natural community is a distinct collection of plants and animals (and fungi and bacteria) associated with each other [...] (from NC Natural Heritage Program, NC Dept. of Environment & Natural Resources.)
Ould Virginia
by Dough, Wynne. "Ould Virginia" as a term enjoyed brief currency in the seventeenth century as a name for territory south of the Chesapeake Bay covered by Sir Walter Raleigh's 1584 patent of discovery. John Smith [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Our State Geography in a Snap: Bodies of Water
by Horton, Emily S. Our State Geography in a Snap: bodies of water by Emily Horton NC Government & Heritage Library, 2012. See also: Rivers; Lakes; Sounds     Ocean The Atlantic [...] (from NCpedia.)
Our State Geography in a Snap: Interesting Places
by Anonymous. Related Entries: Cape Hatteras Lighthouse;  Currituck Beach Lighthouse;  Lake Mattamuskeet;  NC Museum of History;  NC Museum of Natural Sciences;  NC Places Named for Governors;  Oakdale Cemetery [...] (from NC Department of Public Instruction.)
Our State Geography in a Snap: Landforms
by Anonymous. Our State Geography in a Snap: landforms and regions Reprinted with permission from the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction website. Landforms: There are three distinct landforms of [...] (from NC Department of Public Instruction.)
Our State Geography in a Snap: Location
by Horton, Emily S. North Carolina is bordered by Virginia to the north, Tennessee to the west, South Carolina to the south, Georgia to the southwest, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. It is located in the southeast [...] (from NCpedia.)
Our State Geography in a Snap: The Coastal Plain Region
by Anonymous. Our State Geography in a Snap: The Coastal Plain Region Reprinted with permission from the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction website. See also: Extended entry on the Coastal [...] (from NC Department of Public Instruction.)
Our State Geography in a Snap: The Mountain Region
by Anonymous. Our State Geography in a Snap: the mountain region Reprinted with permission from the North Carolina Department of Instruction website. See also: Extended entry on [...] (from NC Department of Public Instruction.)
Our State Geography in a Snap: The Piedmont Region
by Anonymous. Our State Geography in a Snap: The Piedmont Region Reprinted with permission from the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction website. See also: Extended entry on the Piedmont (from [...] (from NC Department of Public Instruction.)
Our State Geography in a Snap: Three Regions Overview
by . The three landforms of North Carolina make up the three major geographic regions of the state: the Coastal Plain, the Piedmont, and the Mountains. The Coastal Plain Region is usually divided into two [...] (from NC Department of Public Instruction.)
Outer Banks
by Williams, Wiley J., Carter, Kathy. Outer Banks by Kathy Carter, 2006 Additional research provided by Wiley J. Williams. See also: Resorts- Part 1: Introduction The Outer Banks are a chain of barrier islands that [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Piedmont (from NC Atlas Revisited)
by Diemer, John A., Bobyarchick, Andy R. The Piedmont by Dr. John A. Diemer and Dr. Andy R. BobyarchickDept. of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 2005. Reprinted with permission from [...] (from North Carolina Atlas Revisited.)
Piedmont Urban Crescent
by Trelease, Allen W. Piedmont Urban Crescent by Allen W. Trelease, 2006 See also: Research Triangle Park The Piedmont Urban Crescent is a semicircular band of cities and towns extending from Raleigh to [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Pocosins
by Simpson, Bland. Pocosins are naturally occurring freshwater evergreen shrub bogs or wetlands of the southeastern coastal plains. In 1962 pocosins still covered nearly 2.25 million acres in North Carolina-accounting [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Precincts
by Butler, Lindley S. Precincts exist in North Carolina as voting district subdivisions of both cities and counties. In the Proprietary province of Carolina, however, precincts were administrative and judicial districts [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Roanoke Canal
by Joyner, Whitmel M., Moore, Fred. The Roanoke River, by far the largest river in terms of water flow in North Carolina, was for centuries a path of commerce and travel, first by American Indians and later by European settlers. In [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Settlement of the Mountains, 1775-1838 (from Tar Heel Junior Historian)
by Holland, Ron. Settlement of the Mountains, 1775-1838 "North Carolina's Final Frontier" Related Entries: Cherokee Indians; Asheville; Regions by Ron Holland Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Signories
by Powell, William S. Signories by William S. Powell, 2006 Signories, or "seignories," were territories over which an official, a group of officials, or an individual had dominion. The Fundamental Constitutions of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Slate Belt
by Seaman, Jean H. The Carolina Slate Belt refers to a region of low-grade metamorphosed volcanic rock characterized by slaty cleavages. This region is one of several belts crossing North Carolina in a general [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Sounds
by Kemp, Amy. A sound is a long, wide body of water that connects two other bodies of water. They are typically protected from wind and waves by an island or reef, creating sheltered wetlands. North Carolina [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
State of Franklin
by Troxler, George W. In April 1784 the North Carolina legislature ceded the state's western lands to the Continental Congress. On 24 August, soon after news of the Cession Act had reached the west, a convention attended [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Surveyors
by Southern, David. From colonial times through the twentieth century, land surveying in North Carolina was an imperfect art at best, using old measurements such as furlongs, chains, and rods (or perches or poles) and [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Swamps
by Simpson, Bland. Most of the largest remaining swamps (or "dismals," as early settlers called them) in the eastern United States are located in North Carolina's coastal plain. Much of North Carolina's swamplands are [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Tennessee, Formation of
by Williams, Wiley J. Prior to the American Revolution, white settlers were building cabins along the Watauga and Nolichucky Rivers in the western part of the North Carolina colony. In 1772 they drew up a compact called [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Towns and Cities
by Stick, David, Vocci, Robert Blair. Towns and Cities by David Stick, 2006 Additional research provided by Robert Blair Vocci. See also: Counties; Counties (from the Enclyclopedia of North Carolina) Formally [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Tryon County
by Hill, Michael. In 1768, the Colonial Assembly acted upon the entreaties of Mecklenburg County citizens who complained about having to travel long distances to the county court as a result of the county’s immense [...] (from Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History.)
Una historia temprana de Carolina del Norte
by . Extraído de Libro de hechos de El Viejo Estado del Norte. La propiedad literaria 2011 por la Oficina de Archivos e Historia de Carolina del Norte, Departamento de Recursos Culturale de [...] (from NC Office of Archives and History.)
Verrazano Expedition
by Dough, Wynne. Florentine Giovanni da Verrazano in 1523-24 explored the southern and central coast of what became North Carolina while carrying out a reconnaissance of North America for the king of France. He made [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Walton War
by Reidinger, Martin. The Walton War was the name of a boundary dispute between North Carolina and Georgia that flared into a brief but deadly armed conflict in 1804 in modern Transylvania County. When the area was first [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
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