Discrimination

Discrimination
African Americans - Part 4: Segregation
by Alexander, Roberta Sue, Barfield, Rodney D., Nash, Steven E. Part i: Introduction; Part ii: Life under slavery and the achievements of free blacks; Part iii: Emancipation and the Freedmen's Fight for Civil Rights; Part iv: Segregation and [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
American Indian Churches in Eastern NC
by Oakley, Christopher Arris. American Indian Churches in Eastern NC Originally published as "Communities of Faith: American Indian Churches in Eastern North Carolina" by Dr. Christopher Arris Oakley Reprinted with [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
American Indians in WWII
by La Vere, David. North Carolina’s American Indians in World War II by Dr. David La Vere/Our State Books Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian. Fall 2005. Tar Heel Junior Historian [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Applewhite, James: The Essences Of Things
by Cecelski, David S. Born in Stantonsburg, in Wilson County, in 1935, James Applewhite is one of our nation's most acclaimed poets and an English professor at Duke University. At his home by the Eno River, he told me [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
Aycock, Charles Brantley
by Orr, Oliver H., Jr. Charles Brantley Aycock, governor of North Carolina, was born on a farm near Fremont in the broad, flat valley of the Neuse River. Ancestors of his father, Benjamin Aycock, and his mother, Serena [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Aycock, Charles Brantley (from Research Branch, NC OA&H)
by Hill, Michael. No North Carolina governor, with the possible exception of Zebulon B. Vance, has been as venerated and memorialized as Charles Brantley Aycock (1859-1912), with whose term in 1901 the Democratic [...] (from Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History.)
Carter, Dorcas E.: The Great Fire Of '22
by Cecelski, David S. The great fire of 1922 burned 40 city blocks in New Bern and left thousands of people homeless. It was the most destructive fire in the state's history. Dorcas E. Carter, one of the few people who [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
Chapman, John Kenyon (Yonni)
by . John Kenyon Chapman, known as Yonni, was a life-long social justice activist, organizer, and historian who focused his academic and social career on workers' rights and African American empowerment [...] (from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries.)
Civil Rights in North Carolina
by Brown, Flora Bryant. African American Civil Rights in North Carolina by Dr. Flora Bryant Brown Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian. Fall 2004. Tar Heel Junior Historian Association, NC [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Civil Rights Sit-Ins
by McDermott, Nancie. A hot dog got it all started—the hot dog that Joe McNeil did not get to eat one day in January 1960. Nineteen years old and a graduate of Williston High School in Wilmington, McNeil was a student at [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Clansman, The
by Faulkner, Ronnie W. The Clansman, a novel recounting the Civil War, Reconstruction, and the so-called redemption of the South by the Ku Klux Klan, was written by North Carolina author Thomas Dixon Jr. (1864-1946) and [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Convention of 1835
by Humber, John L. Convention of 1835 by John L. Humber, 2006 See also: "1835 Constitutional Convention" from the Tar Heel Junior Historian; State Constitution; Black and Tan Constitution; Convention of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
David Walker's Appeal
by Hunter, Crystal. Born in Wilmington, N.C. in 1785, to a free mother and an enslaved father, David Walker, although deemed free by law, was no stranger to the “avaricious” (a term he uses throughout the Appeal to [...] (from NCpedia.)
Davis, Kenny: It's Like Being At War
by Cecelski, David S. I met Kenny Davis during the recent commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the Wilmington race riot of 1898. A century ago, on Nov. 10, 1898, a white mob massacred many blacks and seized the city [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
Death to the Klan March
by Schutz, J. Christopher, Stoesen, Alexander R. The "Death to the Klan" March, which took place in Greensboro in late 1979, involved a violent showdown between members of the Communist Workers Party (CWP), the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), and a neo-Nazi [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Dixon, Thomas, Jr.
by Williamson, Joel. Thomas Dixon, Jr., minister, writer, lecturer, lawyer, playwright, producer, director, actor, legislator, and clerk of the federal court for the eastern district of North Carolina, was born near [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Eagleson II, Wilson
by Bates, Doris McLean. Wilson Vash Eagleson II A Tuskegee Airman 1920 - 2006 by Doris McLean Bates Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian, Fall 2003. Tar Heel Junior Historian Association, NC [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Emancipation Day
by Towles, Louis P. Emancipation Day by Louis P. Towles, 2006 Emancipation Day in North Carolina was initiated on 1 Jan. 1865 at Union-occupied New [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Eugenics legislation in North Carolina
by Gregory, Lisa. Eugenics legislation in North Carolina by Lisa Gregory, 2010. See also: Eugenics; Eugenics Board Linked below are North Carolina legislative acts relating to eugenics [...] (from NC Digital Collections.)
Forced Migration of African Americans
by Farley, Jennifer. This African chant mourns the loss of Olaudah Equiano, an eleven-year-old boy who, in 1755, was kidnapped from his home in what is now Nigeria. He was purchased by a captain in the British Royal [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Freedom Rallies: Williamston, N.C., 1963
by Hill, Michael. Freedom Rallies: Williamston, N.C., 1963 By Michael Hill Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History, [...] (from Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History.)
Great Migration
by McKinley, Cynthia Risser, McKinley, Shepherd W. The Great Migration and North Carolina by Dr. Shepherd W. McKinley and Cynthia Risser McKinley Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian. Spring 2006. Tar Heel Junior [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Greensboro Four
by Huaman, Jaime. Greensboro Four: David Richmond, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair Jr. (Jibreel Khazan), Joe McNeil Civil Rights Sit-Ins at Woolworth by Jaime Huaman, Government & Heritage Library, [...] (from NCpedia.)
Jacobs, Harriet
by Yellin, Jean Fagan. Harriet Jacobs, writer and reformer, was born a slave in Edenton. Her grandmother, "Yellow" Molly Horniblow, who was freed in 1828, subsequently bought a house in Edenton and earned her living as a [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Johnson Jr., Henry Vanderbilt: The Engelhard Cafe
by Cecelski, David S. Recently, Dr. Henry Vanderbilt Johnson Jr. shared a story with me about an unsung little moment in our state's civil rights history: a cafe brawl in Engelhard, a fishing village in Hyde County. The [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
Journey of Reconciliation, 1947
by . In 1947 the Congress of Racial Equality & local citizens, black & white, protested bus segregation. Setting out from Washington, D.C., "freedom riders" tested compliance with a U.S. Supreme [...] (from Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History.)
Kirk-Holden War
by Hill, Michael. The lynching of Wyatt Outlaw on the courthouse square in Graham in 1870 continues to reverberate across the generations. The consequences for North Carolina were profound, leading to the first [...] (from Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History.)
Kittner, Harry: A Candle Is Lit
by Cecelski, David S. Harry Kittner is one of the last congregants at Temple Emanu-El, in the small town of Weldon. This synagogue was the heart of a Jewish community that once thrived in Eastern North Carolina but has [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
Ku Klux Klan
by Trelease, Allen W. There have been three Ku Klux Klan KKK movements in North Carolina and the nation, similar in character but distinct organizationally and chronologically. The first Klan flourished in the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Lee, Howard
by Graham, Nicholas. Howard Lee by Nicholas Graham UNC - North Carolina Collection, 2004. Updated by Michelle Czaikowski, 2010. "This Month in North Carolina History" series. Reprinted with [...] (from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries.)
Lynching
by Baker, Bruce E. Lynching, the unlawful killing of a person by a mob and one of the most extreme forms of community sanction, has occurred in North Carolina on numerous occasions throughout its history. The term [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Mabley, Jackie (Moms)
by Gillespie, James D. Mabley, Jackie (Moms) by James D. Gillespie 1898–23 May 1975 (1898–23 May 1975), comedienne and actress, was born Loretta Mary Aiken in Brevard, the daughter of "Uncle" Jim and Mary Aiken. [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Malcolm X Liberation University
by Toosi, Nahal. Malcolm X Liberation University (MXLU), an experimental institution of higher education focusing on African American history and life, opened in Durham in October 1969. Named for slain black leader [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
by Gavins, Raymond, Vocci, Robert Blair. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People by Raymond Gavins, 2006 Additional research provided by Robert Blair Vocci. The National Association for the Advancement of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Powell, Sallie: Mr. Dewitt's Lake
by Cecelski, David S. I visited Sallie Powell in Elizabethtown to learn about an all-but-forgotten landmark of African-American history: the swimming beaches and campground at Jones Lake. Created in 1939, Jones Lake State [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
Royal Ice Cream Sit-In
by Daniels, Dennis F. The 1960 Greensboro sit-ins sparked a national movement but were not the first such action. Individual and group protest actions prior to 1960, generally isolated and often without wider impact, took [...] (from Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History.)
Sarah Keys:  Staying Seated to Stand Up for Her Rights
by Agan, Kelly. Take a minute to imagine that you couldn’t sit where you wanted to on a bus because of the color of your skin or where you came from. How would that make you feel? What would you do? This article is [...] (from NCpedia K-8 Collection.)
School Desegregation
by Currie, Jefferson. School Desegregation "With Deliberate Speed: North Carolina and School Desegregation" by Jefferson Currie II Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian. Fall 2004. Tar Heel [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Scruggs, Lawson Andrew
by Murray, Elizabeth Reid. Scruggs, Lawson Andrew by Elizabeth Reid Murray, 1994 Related Entries: African American; Civil Rights; Historically Black Colleges 15 Jan. 1857–1914 Lawson Andrew Scruggs, physician, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Segregation
by Hatley Wadelington, Flora. Segregation in the 1920s "Assigned Places" by Flora Hatley Wadelington Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian. Spring 2004. Tar Heel Junior Historian Association, NC [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Simkins v. Cone
by Thomas, Karen Kruse. In 1962 dentist George Simkins, physician Alvin Blount, and other African American physicians and their patients sued Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital and Wesley Long Community Hospital in Greensboro, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Slade, James: People That Do Right
by Cecelski, David S. Dr. James Slade is the sort of impossibly old-fashioned doctor who still makes house calls and has never thought about joining an HMO. For 35 years he has been practicing pediatrics and general [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
Speaker Ban Law
by Johnston, W. Lee, Jr. Speaker Ban Law by W. Lee Johnston Jr., 2006 The Speaker Ban Law was adopted on 25 June 1963, the last day of the legislative session, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
The Green Book
by Agan, Kelly, Scott, Jordan. The Green Book, also known as The Negro Motorist Green Book, later known as The Negro Traveler’s Green Book in 1952, and finally the Travelers’ Green Book in 1960, was a guide for black travelers [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
The June Germans
by Gaddis, Elijah. The June German once occupied a prominent place in the cultural life of eastern North Carolina. These yearly dances began in the late nineteenth century as a yearly diversion for the wealthy elites [...] (from NCpedia.)
Violence, Group
by Mazzocchi, Jay, O'Brien, Gail Williams. Violence, Group by Gail Williams O'Brien and Jay Mazzocchi, 2006 See also:"Death to the Klan" March; Gastonia Strike; Ku Klux Klan; Lowry Band; Lynching; Red Shirts; Regulator Movement; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
White Trash
by Williams, Wiley J. "White trash," or "poor white trash," was a term designating the lowest social class among whites in antebellum North Carolina. Other derogatory names for this group included "rednecks," "crackers," [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Wilmington Race Riot
by Umfleet, LeRae. The Wilmington Massacre - 1898 by LeRae UmfleetNC Office of Archives and History, 2010. See also: Silver [...] (from NC Office of Archives and History.)
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