Enslaved People and Slavery

Enslaved People and Slavery
1830-1850: Antebellum NC Begins
by Watson, Harry L. 1830-1850: Antebellum NC Begins Originally published as "Winning the Fight for Progress-- North Carolina's Antebellum years begin: 1830-1850" by Harry L. Watson Reprinted with permission from [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Abolitionist slideshow answer key
by Job, Jennifer. Abolitionist slideshow answer keyAn optional answer key to assess student work from this [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Abolitionist slideshow answer key
by Job, Jennifer. Abolitionist slideshow answer keyAn optional answer key to assess student work from this [...] (from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries.)
Abolitionist slideshow answer key
by Job, Jennifer. Abolitionist slideshow answer keyAn optional answer key to assess student work from this [...] (from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries.)
Abraham Galloway
by Franck, Julie. Galloway, Abraham 8 Feb.1837 - 1 Sept.1870 by Julie Franck, North Carolina State University, 2013; Revised September 2022 Abraham Galloway was a formerly enslaved person, Union spy and [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Ad Valorem Taxation of Enslaved People
by Faulkner, Ronnie W. Ad valorem taxation of enslaved people was a major political issue in antebellum North Carolina and continued during the Civil War as a manifestation of the divisions between the planter class and [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Advertisements from the Boston News-Letter, 1713
by . Below sends notice of a runaway slave. The next two paragraphs are advertisements for an enslaved Black woman and enslaved American Indian boy. The two paragraphs after that are job advertisements. [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
African Americans & the Revolution
by Crow, Jeffrey J. The story of how the original thirteen American colonies broke away from Great Britain and formed the United States is well known. Less well known is how African-Americans felt and what they did [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
African Americans - Part 2: Life under slavery
by Alexander, Roberta Sue, Barfield, Rodney D., Nash, Steven E. Part i: Introduction; Part ii: Life under slavery and the achievements of free blacks; Part iii: Emancipation and the Freedmen's Fight for Civil Rights; Part iv: Segregation and the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
African and African American Storytelling
by Wilson, Madafo Lloyd. African and African American Storytelling By Madafo Lloyd Wilson Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian, Spring 2002. Tar Heel Junior Historian Association, NC Museum of [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Agricultural Economy of Antebellum Life
by LeCount, Charles. One hundred fifty years ago, nearly all North Carolinians made their living by farming. And even the majority of those who did not actually farm were still tied to the state’s agricultural economy: [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Anti-Slavery Movement in North Carolina
by Lasley, Rebecca Graham. Anti-Slavery Movement in North Carolina by Rebecca Graham Lasley Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian. Fall 2008; Revised by NC Government & Heritage Library, May [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Blue Lodges
by McGee, Barry. Blue Lodges were secret groups organized to defend slavery and the "southern way of life" in response to the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. The new law, sponsored by Senator Stephen A. Douglas of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Brown, Hattie: A Freedom Story
by Cecelski, David S. I spoke with Hattie Brown as we walked through the old graveyard in Goshen, a black farming community in Jones County. She had a story for each of the dead. Her most striking memories were her [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
Caledonia
by Gaddis, Elijah. Caledonia, located just south of the Roanoke River in Halifax County, North Carolina, has undergone many changes in its 300 year history. Starting in the early 18th century, Caledonia was settled by [...] (from NCpedia.)
Carolina Watchman ads: January 7, 1837 (Page 1 of 2)
by . The next row harks a $50 award for a capture of a runaway enslaved Black men, Toney and John, an announcement for the court of pleas and quarter session, sale of enslaved Black children and women, [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Carolina Watchman ads: January 7, 1837 (Page 2 of 2)
by . Carolina Watchman ads: January 7, 1837 (Page 2 of 2) Scanned page of classified advertisements in the January 7, 1837 issue of the Carolina [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Civil Rights in North Carolina
by Brown, Flora Bryant. African American Civil Rights in North Carolina by Dr. Flora Bryant Brown Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian. Fall 2004. Tar Heel Junior Historian Association, NC [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Coffin, Levi
by Hoskins, Mary Katherine. Levi Coffin, abolitionist, temperance leader, and philanthropist, was born in New Garden, Guilford County, a descendant of Tristam Coffin, who came to America in 1642 and was one of nine purchasers [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Colonization Societies
by Mitchell, Memory F., Canipe, Jeremy T. Colonization Societies were organized in the early nineteenth century to promote the relocation of African Americans, particularly free blacks, to places such as Haiti, Liberia, the American Midwest, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Copeland, John Anthony: Tar Heels at Harper's Ferry, October 16-18, 1859
by Howard, Joshua. Tar Heels at Harper's Ferry, October 16-18, 1859: John Anthony Copeland By Joshua Howard, Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History, 2011; Revised March 2022, Government [...] (from Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History.)
David Walker's Appeal
by Hunter, Crystal. Born in Wilmington, N.C. in 1785, to a free mother and an enslaved father, David Walker, although deemed free by law, was no stranger to the “avaricious” (a term he uses throughout the Appeal to [...] (from NCpedia.)
Devereux, John, Jr.
by Armistead, Terrell L. Devereux, John, Jr. by Terrell L. Armistead, 1986; Revised October 2022 17 Dec. 1820–10 Apr. [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Dred
by Inscoe, John C. Dred, published in 1856, was Harriet Beecher Stowe's much-anticipated sequel to Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852) in which she sought to further fan the flames of antislavery sentiment. The book was a [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Dred Scott painting
by . Dred Scott painting Painting of Dred Scott, a slave from Missouri and the plaintiff in the infamous Dred Scott Supreme Court Case of 1857. The painting was done by Louis Schultze, commissioned by a [...] (from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries.)
Emancipation
by Nash, Steven E. Emancipation by Steven E. Nash, 2006 See also: Contrabands; African Americans - part 3: Emancipation Emancipation of enslaved African Americans in the south became official on 1 Jan. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Emancipation Day
by Towles, Louis P. Emancipation Day by Louis P. Towles, 2006; Revised October 2022. Emancipation Day in North Carolina was initiated on 1 Jan. 1865 at [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Excerpt from interview with Fountain Hughes
by . Excerpt from interview with Fountain HughesExcerpt from interview with Fountain HughesFormer slave Fountain Hughes interviewed by Hermond Norwood, Baltimore, Maryland, June 11, [...] (from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries.)
Exterior of slave house, Stagville Plantation
by Kelo, Dan. Exterior view of a house for enslaved people at Horton Grove at Historic Stagville, North Carolina. Paul Cameron ordered these houses to be built in 1850 in hopes of improving the health of [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Family Worship in Plantation in South Carolina
by . This engraving was published in the Illustrated London News in December 1863, illustrated by Frank Vizetelly. Depicted is the proprietary enslaver, his family, and their enslaved people [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Forced Migration of African Americans
by Farley, Jennifer. This African chant mourns the loss of Olaudah Equiano, an eleven-year-old boy who, in 1755, was kidnapped from his home in what is now Nigeria. He was purchased by a captain in the British Royal [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Free Produce
by Powell, William S. "Free produce" was the term applied to anything grown, manufactured, or otherwise produced by nonslave labor. The term came into use when abolitionists, particularly Quakers, agreed to avoid buying [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Free Soilers
by McGee, Barry. Free Soilers were members of an antislavery political party in the years before the Civil War that supported free distribution of government-owned lands. Most North Carolinians probably could have [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Goodloe, Daniel Reaves
by Yanchisin, D. A. Daniel Reaves Goodloe, abolitionist and journalist, was born in Louisburg, the son of Dr. James Kemp Strother Goodloe, a school-teacher who studied medicine but never practiced it, and Mary Reaves [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Grandy, Moses
by Mitchell, Samantha. Grandy, Moses by Samantha Mitchell, North Carolina State University, 2013; Revised April 2022 b.1786? Moses Grandy was a skilled seaman and black antislavery activist born into slavery [...] (from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries.)
Hedrick, Benjamin Sherwood
by Knapp, Sharon E. Benjamin Sherwood Hedrick, educator, chemist, and antislavery leader, was born in western Davidson County near Salisbury, the son of Elizabeth Sherwood and John Leonard Hedrick, a farmer and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Horrid Massacre in Virginia
by . Composite of scenes of Nat Turner's rebellion. Caption reads: The Scenes which the above Plate is designed to repesent are -- Fig. 1. A Mother intreating for the lives of her Children. -- 2. Mr [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
I'm Gwine Home on de Mornin' Train
by . I’m Gwine Home on de Mornin’ Train is part of the John and Ruby Lomax 1939 Southern States Recording Trip collection at the Library of Congress. John Lomax was a folklorist and [...] (from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries.)
Impending Crisis of the South, The
by Faulkner, Ronnie W. The Impending Crisis of the South by Ronnie W. Faulkner, 2006 The Impending Crisis of the South, by Rowan County born abolitionist Hinton Rowan Helper (1829-1909), was published by A. B. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Jacobs, Harriet
by Yellin, Jean Fagan. Harriet Jacobs by Jean Fagan Yellin, Revised March 2022 by NC Government and Heritage Library  See also: Harriet Ann Jacobs for K-8 students February 11, 1813 [or 1815] - March 7, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Jones, Marvin Tupper: Pleasant Plains
by Cecelski, David S. I recently joined Marvin Tupper Jones at his family's annual reunion and fish fry. We were in Pleasant Plains, part of an extraordinary, 9-mile-long swath of land in the state's rural, northeast [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
Jones, Thomas H.
by Leder, Eric. Thomas H. Jones was a self-educated abolitionist, minister, and author who spent much of his early life in Wilmington, North Carolina. Most information about Jones is from his popular autobiography [...] (from NCpedia.)
Jones, Thomas McKissick
by Parris, Richard W. Thomas McKissick Jones, lawyer, judge, legislator, and Confederate congressman, was born in Person County, the son of Wilson and Rebecca McKissick Jones. When Thomas was an infant, the family moved [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Joyner, Edmund Noah
by Malone, E. T., Jr. Edmund Noah Joyner, Episcopal priest, missionary, soldier, poet, and newspaper editor, was born in the Marlboro community near Farmville in Pitt County, the son of Dr. Noah and Emily Adelaide [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Keckly (Keckley), Elizabeth Hobbs
by Wegner, Ansley Herring. Keckly (Keckley), Elizabeth Hobbs by Ansley Wegner, Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History, 2013 www.ncmarkers.com Elizabeth Hobbs Keckly [...] (from Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History.)
Knights of the Golden Circle
by Parramore, Thomas C. The Knights of the Golden Circle (KGC) was a secret military organization created in 1859 by George W. L. Bickley in Cincinnati, Ohio. Its stated aim was to sponsor and conduct military expeditions [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Lane, Lunsford
by Cotten, Alice R. Lunsford Lane, slave, businessman, free black, and lecturer, was the only child of Edward and Clarissa Lane, slaves from Raleigh. His parents had assumed the surname of Lane from the white family [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Last Days of the Confederacy: Jefferson Davis in Greensboro and Charlotte, April 1865
by Stokes, Matt. Last Days of the Confederacy: Jefferson Davis in Greensboro and Charlotte, April 1865 By Matt Stokes, Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History, [...] (from Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History.)
Levi Coffin and Quaker Emigration
by Hall, Lisa Coston. By some estimates, during the first half of the 1800s, roughly a third of North Carolina's residents moved to other states. The third-most populous state in the Union in 1790, North Carolina by 1860 [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Long Way to Travel
by . Long Way to Travel is part of the John and Ruby Lomax 1939 Southern States Recording Trip collection at the Library of Congress. John Lomax was a folklorist and musicologist who [...] (from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries.)
Manumission Societies
by Norris, David A., Kirkman, Roger N. Manumission societies began as an eighteenth-century movement to abolish slavery through voluntary emancipation. The undertaking was initiated primarily by the Society of Friends (Quakers) on grounds [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Maroons
by Smith, William S., Jr. Maroons by William S. Smith, 2006 See also: African Americans; Great Dismal Swamp; Slave Rebellions; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
McNeill, John Charles
by Walser, Richard. John Charles McNeill, poet, journalist, and lawyer, was born at Ellerslie, his father's farm near Wagram in Richmond (later Scotland) County. His two grandfathers had emigrated from Argyllshire, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Melbourn, Julius
by Murray, Elizabeth D. R. Julius Melbourn, said to have been born on 4 July 1790 in Wake County, was apparently a fictitious character invented to perpetrate a literary hoax. In 1847, the firm of Hall and Dickson in Syracuse, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Newlin, John
by Newlin, Algie I. John Newlin, merchant, industrialist, land speculator, abolitionist, and Quaker leader, was born in the southeastern part of present-day Alamance County. He was in the sixth generation of descendants [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Planters and Slaves
by Anderson, Jean B. Planters and Slaves: 1770-1820 By Elizabeth A. Fenn, Peter H. Wood, Harry L. Watson, Thomas H. Clayton, Sydney Nathans, Thomas C. Parramore, and Jean B. Anderson; Maps by Mark Anderson Moore. [...] (from The Way We Lived in North Carolina, NC Office of Archives and History and UNC Press.)
Portal of sorrow
by . The view through the door of a holding pen for enslaved people on Gorée Island, Senegal, which was once a major West African trading outpost for enslaved people. African people captured inland [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Quaker Abolitionists
by Huddle, Mark Andrew. The antebellum years were dangerous times for anyone with the temerity to preach an abolitionist gospel in the South. But in the last months of 1847, a young Wesleyan Methodist missionary, the [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Rayner, John Baptis
by Andrews, William L. John Baptis Rayner, educator and politician, was born into slavery in Raleigh, the son of Kenneth Rayner, a prominent plantation owner, and Mary Ricks, a slave. With the aid of his father, Rayner [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Rosedale
by Neill, Rosemary Clifford. Rosedale, a handsome plantation house about three miles from downtown Charlotte, is considered one of the finest examples of Federal architecture in North Carolina. Particularly notable is the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Runaway slave illustration
by . Runaway slave illustration Illustration of a runaway slave carrying a knapsack.. The caption under the image reads, "This picture of a poor fugitive is one of the stereotype cuts manufactured in [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Rush, Christopher
by Carroll, Grady L. E., Sr. Christopher Rush, second superintendent (a title later changed to bishop) of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church and a full-blooded African, was born a slave in Craven County. Whether he was [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Said, Omar
by Parramore, Thomas C. Omar Ibn Said, an Islamic scholar, was born in Futa Toro (now a part of Senegal) to a wealthy Muslim family before being enslaved in the United States and eventually North Carolina. Said [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Scruggs, Lawson Andrew
by Murray, Elizabeth D. R. Scruggs, Lawson Andrew by Elizabeth Reid Murray, 1994; Revised October 2022. Related Entries: African American; Civil Rights; Historically Black Colleges 15 Jan. 1857–1914 Lawson Andrew [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Settlement of the Coastal Plain
by Watson, Alan D. Settlement of the Coastal Plain, 1650-1775 by Alan D. Watson Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian. Spring 1995. Tar Heel Junior Historian Association, NC Museum of [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Settlement of the Mountains, 1775-1838 (from Tar Heel Junior Historian)
by Holland, Ron. Settlement of the Mountains, 1775-1838 "North Carolina's Final Frontier" Related Entries: Cherokee Indians; Asheville; Regions by Ron Holland Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Slave auction at Richmond, Virginia
by . Slave auction at Richmond, VirginiaWood engraving shows an African American woman being auctioned off in front of crowd of [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Slave Clandestine Economy
by Schweninger, Loren. Slave Clandestine Economy by Loren Schweninger, 2006 Slave clandestine economy refers to a variety of private agricultural and business endeavors undertaken by some North Carolina slaves. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Slave Codes
by Lamm, Alan K. The increasing number of black slaves in colonial America created suspicion and fear among the general population and led to a backlash of white reaction known as slave codes. Virginia was the first [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Slave Names
by Inscoe, John C. Slave Names by John C. Inscoe, 2006; Revised May 2022 by NC Government & Heritage [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Slave Patrols
by Salemson, Daniel J. North Carolina, unlike other southern states and perhaps due to the lack of major slave rebellions, was slow to establish formal slave patrols. South Carolina first addressed the issue in 1704, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Slave Rebellions
by Parramore, Thomas C., Nash, Steven E. Slave Rebellions by Steven E. Nash and Thomas C. Parramore, 2006 See also: Negro Head Road; Violence, Group Slave rebellions were a recurring fear in North Carolina throughout much [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Slave trade memorial at Zanzibar
by . Slave trade memorial at Zanzibar A memorial to enslaved people in Zanzibar, Tanzania, an East African port once important in the Indian Ocean slave [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Slavery
by Crow, Jeffrey J., Dees-Killette, Amelia, Huff, Diane. Slavery by Jeffrey J. Crow, 2006 Additional research provided by Amelia Dees-Killette and Diane Huff. See also: Ad Valorem Taxation of Slaves; Colonization Societies; Manumission [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Slaves under the overseer's whip
by . This image is taken from Henry Bibb's 1849 Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Henry Bibb, An American Slave, Written by Himself. This book illustrated and described the cruelties of slavery [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Slaves' Midsummer Holiday
by Powell, William S. The Slaves' Midsummer Holiday, when enslaved laborers were permitted a few days off by their enslavers, occurred after crops were laid by and before harvesting began. On August 26, 1862 Catherine Ann [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Smylie, James
by Tise, Larry E. James Smylie, clergyman, church organizer, and controversialist, was born in the Guilford County area of Scots-Irish parentage. Little is known about his early life other than the fact that he [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Somerset Place
by Powell, William S. Somerset Place by William S. Powell, 2006 Somerset Place is located in Washington County seven miles south of Creswell on Lake Phelps. Originally consisting of more than 100,000 acres, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Stagville Plantation
by . Horton Grove at Historic Stagville, North Carolina, located in parts of what are now Orange, Durham, Wake, and Granville counties. Established in 1787 by the Bennehan and Cameron families, Stagville [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Stagville slave quarters
by . Stagville slave quarters Slave quarters at Horton Grove at Historic Stagville, located in parts of what are now Orange, Durham, Wake, and Granville counties. Established in 1787 by the Bennehan [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
State v. John Mann
by Brinkley, Martin H. State v. John Mann by Martin H. Brinkley, 2006; Revised by NC Government & Heritage Library, August 2022 State v. John Mann, an 1829 North Carolina Supreme Court decision, is [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
State v. Negro Will
by Brinkley, Martin H. State v. Negro Will by Martin H. Brinkley, 2006 See also: State v. John Mann. State v. Negro Will, a celebrated 1834 North Carolina Supreme Court decision standing for the general [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
State v. Worth
by Stoesen, Alexander R. State v. Worth by Alexander R. Stoesen, 2006 See also: Daniel Worth (Dictionary of North Carolina Biography), Impending Crisis of the South; Walker's Appeal. Daniel Worth, a Wesleyan [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Stowage of the British slave ship Brookes under the regulated slave trade act of 1788
by . Stowage of the British slave ship Brookes under the regulated slave trade act of 1788 Illustration showing deck plans and cross sections of British slave ship [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
The Emancipation Proclamation (page 1)
by . The Emancipation Proclamation (page 1) The first page of the Emancipation Proclamation, as signed by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863. The remaining pages are available on the website of [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
The Freedmen's Colony on Roanoke Island
by . Roanoke Island was the setting for an historic experiment during the Civil War. Following the island’s occupation by Union forces in 1862, it became a haven for African-American families from [...] (from National Park Service.)
The Gospel Train
by . The Gospel Train is part of the John and Ruby Lomax 1939 Southern States Recording Trip collection at the Library of Congress. John Lomax was a folklorist and musicologist who traveled [...] (from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries.)
The Great Dismal Swamp
by . The Great Dismal Swamp is a large area of natural swampland. It sits on the border between Virginia and North Carolina. It is in the coastal plain and very close to the Atlantic Ocean. The swamp is [...] (from NCpedia K-8 Collection.)
The Quakers and Their War of Resistance
by Bates, Doris McLean. The Quakers and Their War of Resistence By Doris McLean Bates Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian, Fall 2000. Tar Heel Junior Historian Association, NC Museum of [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
The Underground Railroad
by . The Underground Railroad, painted by Charles T. Webber for the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition, celebrates abolitionists' efforts to end slavery. It depicts Levi Coffin, his wife Catharine, and [...] (from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries.)
Thirteenth Amendment
by Alexander, Roberta Sue. Thirteenth Amendment by Roberta Sue Alexander, 2006 The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, sent to the states for ratification in February 1865 with the unanimous support of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Underground Railroad
by Williams, Wiley J., Coffin, Alex. The Underground Railroad was a secret system of individuals who assisted freedom seekers in their quest for freedom prior to the Civil War. The term refers to the swift, "invisible" way in [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Underground Railroad routes
by . Underground Railroad routes Map showing some Underground Railroad [...] (from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries.)
United States Colored Troops: Fighting for Freedom
by Haley, John H. United States Colored Troops: Fighting for Freedom By John H. Haley, PhD Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian 50:2 (spring 2011)   An elaborate ceremony took [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Walker's Appeal
by Powell, William S. Walker's Appeal, actually titled Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World, was an emotionally charged, powerful antislavery pamphlet published by black Wilmington native David Walker in September [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Walker, Carleton
by Engstrom, Mary Claire. Carleton Walker, British-born collector of the Port of Wilmington, paymaster of troops in the War of 1812, and Cape Fear planter and lavish speculator, was the youngest of three sons of James (d. [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Walker, David
by Inscoe, John C. David Walker, black author of an incendiary antislavery pamphlet, was born in Wilmington to a free mother and a slave father who died before his birth. Despite his free status inherited from his [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Women of Somerset Place
by Sykes, John. Women of Somerset Place by John Sykes Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian, Spring 1994. Tar Heel Junior Historian Association, NC Museum of History Somerset Place, [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Woodward, Sara Griffith Stanley
by Powell, William S. Woodward, Sara Griffith Stanley by William S. Powell, 1994 Related Entries: African American 1836–1918 Sara Griffith Stanley Woodward, anti-slavery activist and teacher and one of the [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
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