Quick Facts and Information About North Carolina

North Carolina is a state in the southeastern United States, and it is bordered by Virginia, Tennessee, South Carolina, Georgia and the Atlantic Ocean. This page lists some basic, quick facts about North Carolina and provides links to other useful information.

Map excerpt showing North Carolina in red. Map of the United States with North Carolina highlighted, by TUBS, CC BY-SA 3.0, Wikimedia Commons.Quick Facts

Date North Carolina became a state: November 21, 1789

Governor: Roy Cooper

State Motto: Esse Quam Videri: To be rather than to seem

State Song: The Old North State

State Colors: Red and Blue

State Bird: Cardinal

State Flower: Dogwood

State name origin and nicknames: Carolina, the Tar Heel State, the Old North State

Population estimate: 10,042,802 people (U.S. Census Bureau, 2015) 

Population rank: 10th largest state in the United States

Largest city (population): Charlotte -- 827,097 people (U.S. Census Bureau, 2015)

Total land area: 48,617.91 square miles

Land area rank: 28th largest state in the United States by land area

Number of counties: 100

Highest point in North Carolina: Mount Mitchell

Distance between Murphy and Manteo: 546 miles (driving); 474.5 miles (direct, "as the crow flies")

Links to useful information

North Carolina State Government Website

Locate US Representatives for North Carolina (U.S. House of Representatives website)

Locate US Senators for North Carolina (U.S. Senate website)

North Carolina General Assembly website (NC State Legislature)

North Carolina Voter Information: North Carolina State Board of Elections

North Carolina State Symbols and other Official Adoptions (NCpedia article)

Crime Statistics (NC Dept. of Public Safety)

Public education information: reports and statistics (NC Public Schools)


Image credit: 

TUBS. North Carolina in United States. CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:North_Carolina_in_United_States.svg (accessed October 2, 2016).




me to


I can't find some of the information that I need on here. I'm doing a project and I can't find the founder of NC or when it was established. I also need to know some of the economic resources and I can't seem to find that, either. ._.


Are you asking when NC became a colony? If so, these are two essays talk about North Carolina before it became a state: http://ncpedia.org/history/colonial/coastal-plain, http://ncpedia.org/history/colonial/roanoke-island. The date it became a state is listed above, on this page.

For information on economic resources, I'd recommend checking the NC Atlas Revisited essay on North Carolina's economy at http://ncatlasrevisited.org/Economy/econtitle.htm.

I hope this helps!

Michelle Czaikowski, Government & Heritage Library



Hey Michelle, i mean i want some REALLLLLYYYYY AWESOME facts about nc. like, anything that was invented there, and more interesting state stuff. puLEEEEEEZ help me find these, mk? -pleez reply


wow ok I will


Of course, what I think is interesting or awesome may not seem interesting or awesome to you. However, I think these things are cool:

Inventors and inventions in NC

Largest and smallest towns in NC

Interesting places in NC:

1st colony:

There are also a few legends in NC

I hope these help!

Michelle Czaikowski, Government & Heritage Library


this is an incredible site! my 7 year old granddaughter and I were able to find all the answers needed for her 2nd grade project. it was written in simple terms that she understood and was therefore able to actually do her own reasearch. thanks for making the site easy to manuever.


Thank you so much for the compliments! I will pass it along to other staff!

Michelle Czaikowski, Government & Heritage Library


thank u

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