State Mineral of North Carolina: Gold

Panning for gold at Reed Gold Mineby Michelle Czaikowski and Amy Kemp
NC Government & Heritage Library, 2017

See also: North Carolina State Symbols and Official Adoptions main pageNorth Carolina Gold Rush, Gold in the Uwharries

On June 23, 2011, gold (Aurum) became North Carolina's official state mineral. (Session Law 2011-233)

Selection as State Mineral

The bill was initially introduced by Senate Majority Leader Harry Brown of Onslow County on behalf of a fourth-grade class at Clyde Erwin Magnet Elementary School. While a majority of senators were in favor of the adoption, four voted against the bill, citing the opposition of other mineral industries, such as quartz and feldspar, in their constituencies.

At least two other states have designated gold as their state mineral - Alaska and California.

About Gold

The discovery of gold by a twelve-year-old boy in 1799 in Cabarrus County started North Carolina's gold rush. The boy's name was Conrad Reed, and the location developed into the Reed Gold Mine.

Following the discovery, North Carolina remained the only gold producing state in the union until 1828, and the top producing state until the California gold rush of 1848.

While other minerals such as pyrite and yellow mica can be frequently mistaken for gold, the mineral has several defining characteristics. It is soft, measuring a 2.5-3 on the Mohs scale of hardness, but is also a heavy mineral, with a 19.3 specific gravity when pure. Unlike pyrite, gold extremely pliable and can be molded into sheets without breaking. It is also largely insoluble, only breaking down in a mixture of hydrochloric and nitric acid.

References and additional resources:

Ballew, Sigrid and Jeff Reid. 2000. "Gold in North Carolina."  North Carolina Geological Survey Web site. Online at https://deq.nc.gov/about/divisions/energy-mineral-land-resources/north-carolina-geological-survey. Accessed 12/2010.

Learn NC resources about gold.

Leslie, Laura. 2011. "Senate okays gold as state mineral." 5/23/2011. Online at: https://www.wral.com/news/state/nccapitol/blogpost/9635000/. Accessed July 2011.

Reed Gold Mine, NC Historic Sites, NC Department of Cultural Resources. Online at https://historicsites.nc.gov/all-sites/reed-gold-mine. Accessed 12/2010.

Resources on gold in North Carolina in libraries [via WorldCat]

Subjects: 

Comments

Comment: 

Too short not helpful

Comment: 

Sorry you did not find the article helpful. Let us know what other specific information you are looking for, and we will try to help you.

T. Mike Childs, NCpedia, N.C. Government & Heritage Library.

Comment: 

how did it become state mineral

Comment: 

gold was first found by a twelve year old boy named conard reed i shoued know i am realted to them sorta aso they first used as a doorstep and they also thoght that it was a yellow rock then a jewler came and boght the rock for a low porice now but back then it was alot

Comment: 

This quote from the WRAL article in the Additional Resources explains it:

Senate Majority Leader Harry Brown, R-Onslow, said he filed the bill on behalf of Cathy Dalimonte's fourth-grade class at Clyde Erwin Magnet Elementary in Jacksonville. "I spoke to them and went through the process of how bills are created in the General Assembly," he said. "I guess they took it to heart."

Shortly after that, the class asked him to run the bill that became S129 because of gold's prominent role in state history.

Mike Childs, NCpedia, N.C. Government & Heritage Library

Comment: 

!)LOVE IT :)

Comment: 

gold is cool.

Comment: 

I love gold

Comment: 

If you even got to a gold rush site It probily would be EMTY!!

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