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Portis Gold Mine

The Portis Gold Mine, located in the northeastern corner of Franklin County, was the first mine in the Eastern Carolina Belt (composed of Warren, Halifax, Franklin, and Nash Counties) and operated intermittently from about 1835 to 1936. The Portis gold deposit was in the rocks of the Spring Hope Formation in the eastern slate belt. The primary mining method has been identified as "hydraulicking" 15 to 30 feet of surface material, but recovery was hampered by the region's sticky clay. The total amount of gold mined is unknown. In 1884 the estimate was more than $1 million, and in 1972 one geologist projected that up to $7 million worth of gold was mined in that area.

By the end of the nineteenth century, gold in the Portis mine was difficult to find and there were no profits to be had. The final attempts to extract gold were by the Norlina Mining Company, which brought in heavy mining equipment and constructed an assay lab, a main building for the crushing equipment, a dormitory, a superintendent's house, a blacksmith and machine shop, and a six-million-gallon reservoir for the water required by the gold recovery process. The cost of the mining operation exceeded by one-third the value of the gold recovered, and the mine was closed in 1936.


P. Albert Carpenter III, Gold Resources of North Carolina (1972).

Richard F. Knapp, North Carolina Gold: A Selected Bibliography of Mining History, Technology, and the Reed Gold Mine (1978).

Thilbert H. Pearce, "The Portis Diggings," The State (1 Apr. 1972).

Bruce Roberts, The Carolina Gold Rush (1971).

Additional Resources:

Sketch of Portis Mine, North Carolina Maps, North Carolina Collection, UNC Libraries:

Gold Mines, NC Historical Marker E-89:

1869, 1870 Act to incorporate Portis Gold Mine in Franklin County:

1876,77 Bill to extend Portis Gold Mine in Franklin County:


Origin - location: 



Hi Goldie,

Are you looking for a specific type of information?  Please let me know by replying to this comment and I would be glad to try to help.

Best wishes,

Kelly Agan, Government & Heritage Library


I would like detail maps of the Potts gold mine. I will not destroyed the environment and am a beginner. Please send me what info you have. My dearest gratitude, Anthony Simmons . Ps I'm a pool do to wife and my Heath. Thanks


Hi Anthony,

Thanks for using NCpedia and asking your question.

I'm sending your question to Reference Services at the NC Government & Heritage Library. A librarian will contact you soon to recommend resources, if you still need information.

Good luck!

Laurie Reeves, NC Government & Heritage Library


I have a small vial that is marked "Norlina Mining Co." , Final gold cleanup, retort gold, 9-19-36.
It was in my Mother's possession & I now have it.
What should I do with it? Is it of any value?
Thank you


That is so cool ! we are doing a TV show on the gold mine if you could help me with any info. on the mine it would sure help , Thank you Tim F. my contact is 252-908-0394.


Hi Debbie,

Thanks for visiting NCpedia and sharing this with us.  That sounds like a fascinating artifact!

Unfortunately, NCpedia can't help with identifying artifacts and antiques or appraisals.  You may want to contact an antique dealer for help with this.

Good luck!

Kelly Agan, Government & Heritage Library

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