Copyright notice

This article is from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, 6 volumes, edited by William S. Powell. Copyright ©1979-1996 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

Is anything in this article factually incorrect? Please submit a comment.

Printer-friendly page
Average: 3.4 (31 votes)

Bright, Simon

by Charles R. Holloman, 1979

ca. 1757–1802

Harmony Hall, Kinston, NC. Image courtesy of Lenoir County Historical Association. Simon Bright, Revolutionary War soldier, planter, county official, member of the convention that ratified the U.S. Constitution in 1789, and state senator, was born in Johnston County in or about 1757. He was the first son of Simon Bright, Jr., and his wife, Mary Graves. He received his early education under the Reverend William Miller at St. Matthew's Chapel at Kingston (now Kinston). When his father died in December 1776, Simon was a minor; he attained his majority shortly thereafter, in time to become one of the executors of his father's will.

While still a minor, he enrolled in the Dobbs County militia and saw action several times during the Revolution. Late in the war, he volunteered for twelve months' service with the North Carolina state troops, the forces kept under arms in readiness for either state defense or for orders from the Continental establishment. After the war, he continued to serve in the militia of Dobbs County and later of Lenoir County. By 1789 he was held in such high respect by the people of his county that he was elected, with Richard Caswell, Benjamin Sheppard, and Nathan Lassiter, to represent Dobbs County in the convention of 1789. Like other delegates from Dobbs, Bright was an ardent Federalist, holding a viewpoint shared by only the barest majority of the electorate of his county.

In 1790, Bright was sent to the state senate post vacated by the death of Richard Caswell. Disheartened by the political contentions then racking his county he retired to private life. About 1795 he was appointed a justice in Lenoir County; he held the office until the summer of 1799, when he was appointed and served briefly as clerk of the county court, following the death in office of Winston Caswell.

In about 1777, Bright married a woman named Nancy, whose maiden name is not known. To their marriage nine children were born. When Simon died in 1802 in Kinston, his wife and seven of the children survived him, as did a number of grandchildren.

Though a grandfather, Bright was only about forty-five years old when he died. The last two years of his life were burdened with embarrassment, disgrace, and remorse arising from a criminal act so inconceivably rash and so inconsistent with his previous conduct and character as to indicate strongly the onset of a disease affecting the brain and destroying that gentility, common sense and judgment for which he had so long been distinguished and honored. On 11 Sept. 1799, Bright was sitting in his parlor visiting with the brothers John and Slade Gatlin, two good friends and close neighbors. They had been chatting pleasantly for some time when Bright abruptly changed his whole demeanor. He angrily declared, according to depositions made by the Gatlin brothers, "that he had missed two of his Turkeys, and suspected that they were stolen by some Negro and that he would charge his gunn and shoote the first Negro he met with and continue shooting until he killed the right one. Mr. Bright then went off in order to get Powder and Shot to load his Gunn." Shorly thereafter, he waylaid and shot in the street Mary, a highly respected slave woman belonging to Captain Jesse Cobb, another justice and the town's leading merchant. The crime shocked the small, close-knit community. Bright was indicted on the criminal charge and prosecuted. During the course of the prosecution his mental condition and general health deteriorated rapidly, terminating in his death before the prosecution could be concluded in the superior court for the New Bern district, to which his conviction in the county court had been appealed.

Bright was buried at Kinston.


Manuscript records of the Superior Court for the New Bern District, 1760–1808: Simon Bright Estate Papers.

Case Papers in Jesse Cobb v. the Heirs of Simon Bright .

Case Papers in the State v. Simon Bright .

Case Papers in Simon Bright v. Robert White, Sheriff of Dobbs County (North Carolina State Archives, Raleigh).

Additional Resources:

Abstract of North Carolina Wills: Compiled from Original and Recorded Wills in the Office of the Secretary of State. E.M. Uzzell, State Printers, 1910. (accessed April 16, 2013).

Image Credit:

Harmony Hall, Kinston, NC. Image courtesy of Lenoir County Historical Association. Available from (accessed April 16, 2013).

Origin - location: 


Francis Hodges research and citations can be found at:

Francis R. Hodges research disproves what is stated as fact in this article. "Holloman states that while Simon III was a minor when his father died in December, 1776, ". . . he reached his majority shortly thereafter, in time to become one of the executors of his father's will."[25] If this statement is true, then Simon III could not possibly have been a son of Mary Graves Bright, since he would have been less than ten years old when that will was probated in January, 1777. However, more recent research has proved a great deal of the information in Holloman's article incorrect, and to date no documentary evidence has been found to support this claim. Simon Jr's will clearly names his friends Richard Caswell and John Cooke, and his brother James Bright, as executors.[26] Nor is Simon III mentioned as an executor when the will was presented for probate. Taken alone, Holloman's statement is insufficient to prove that Simon III was born before the marriage of Simon Bright Jr. and Mary Graves took place, which would have made him the son of Simon Jr. by an earlier wife. "

Dear Patricia,

Thank you for visiting NCpedia and taking a minute to share this information with us.  If you could share the citations for sources you are aware of that contradict statements in this etnry, that would help us a great deal.  We do update entries as new information is disovered and are always eager to investigate leads given to us by readers in order to keep information as current as possible.  In order to do this, we need citations. Please feel free to post any citations or other information back through this thread.

Thanks very much and best wishes,

Kelly Agan, Government & Heritage Library

Add a comment

PLEASE NOTE: NCpedia provides the comments feature as a way for viewers to engage with the resources. Comments are not published until reviewed by NCpedia editors at the State Library of NC, and the editors reserve the right to not publish any comment submitted that is considered inappropriate for this resource. NCpedia will not publish personal contact information in comments, questions, or responses. If you would like a reply by email, note that some email servers, such as public school accounts, are blocked from accepting messages from outside email servers or domains. If you prefer not to leave an email address, check back at your NCpedia comment for a reply. Please allow one business day for replies from NCpedia. Complete guidelines are available at