Quick Facts and Information About North Carolina

North Carolina is a state in the southeastern United States, and it is bordered by Virginia, Tennessee, South Carolina, Georgia and the Atlantic Ocean. This page lists some basic, quick facts about North Carolina and provides links to other useful information.

Map excerpt showing North Carolina in red. Map of the United States with North Carolina highlighted, by TUBS, CC BY-SA 3.0, Wikimedia Commons.Quick Facts

Date North Carolina became a state: November 21, 1789

Governor: Roy Cooper

State Motto: Esse Quam Videri: To be rather than to seem

State Song: The Old North State

State Colors: Red and Blue

State Bird: Cardinal

State Flower: Dogwood

State name origin and nicknames: Carolina, the Tar Heel State, the Old North State

Population estimate: 10,042,802 people (U.S. Census Bureau, 2015) 

Population rank: 10th largest state in the United States

Largest city (population): Charlotte -- 827,097 people (U.S. Census Bureau, 2015)

Total land area: 48,617.91 square miles

Land area rank: 28th largest state in the United States by land area

Number of counties: 100

Highest point in North Carolina: Mount Mitchell

Distance between Murphy and Manteo: 546 miles (driving); 474.5 miles (direct, "as the crow flies")

Links to useful information

North Carolina State Government Website

Locate US Representatives for North Carolina (U.S. House of Representatives website)

Locate US Senators for North Carolina (U.S. Senate website)

North Carolina General Assembly website (NC State Legislature)

North Carolina Voter Information: North Carolina State Board of Elections

North Carolina State Symbols and other Official Adoptions (NCpedia article)

Crime Statistics (NC Dept. of Public Safety)

Public education information: reports and statistics (NC Public Schools)


Image credit: 

TUBS. North Carolina in United States. CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:North_Carolina_in_United_States.svg (accessed October 2, 2016).




best website ever


The "Quick Facts" about North Carolina still list Pat McCrory as the governor when it should be Roy Cooper.
Thank you


Dear Kathryn,

Thank you for alerting us.  The article has been corrected.

Marie Jones, Government and Heritage Library


Was the name Early a common name in that. Region


Hi Boyd,

Thank you for visiting NCpedia and sharing this question.  That's a very good question! 

I have forwarded your questions to reference services at the NC Government & Heritage Library. A reference librarian will contact you shortly to try to help with your questions if you're still looking for information.

Kelly Agan, Government & Heritage Library


If you are looking for information about districts for Representatives and Senators in the North Carolina General Assembly, there is some information on their website. http://www.ncga.state.nc.us/representation/WhoRepresentsMe.aspx.


Great site! lots of good information, that helped me out with my projects. Keep it up!


where can i find the nc state political system division ie. district, county, state, etc

Comment response:

If you are looking for information about districts for Representatives and Senators in the North Carolina General Assembly, there is some information on their website. http://www.ncga.state.nc.us/representation/WhoRepresentsMe.aspx.

Information about the 2011 redistricting may also be found at http://www.ncleg.net/representation/redistricting.aspx.

If you need additional information, we are happy to help. Just let us know what questions you have. You may send an email directly to Reference Services at the NC Government & Heritage Library. Their contact information may be found at http://statelibrary.ncdcr.gov/contact.html

Good luck in your research, and thank you for contacting us.

Michelle Czaikowski, Government & Heritage Library



I couldn't find the info i needed most,how settlers were able to obtain the new territory. So, i went to different sites, it wasn't in any of those either. Can you help me(I'm in 5th grade)?

Comment response:

I hope these three entries in NCpedia may help you:


In North Carolina, people just came and started setting up towns. As you can read in the entries above, this caused conflict. It also caused some other problems for the American Indians who were here. This entry discusses that: http://ncpedia.org/history/early/contact.

Is this the time period you are looking for, and the kind of information you are looking for? If not, just contact us at the email address listed on this page: http://statelibrary.ncdcr.gov/contact.html


Michelle Czaikowski, Government & Heritage Library.


I am a DJ and did a show in North Carolina one time. It is a very nice place to visit.Cant wait to go back.

Add a comment

PLEASE NOTE: NCpedia will not publish personal contact information in comments, questions, or responses. If you would like a reply by email, please note thats some email servers are blocked from accepting messages from outside email servers or domains. These often include student email addresses from public school email accounts. If you prefer not to leave an email address, check back at your NCpedia comment for a reply. Please allow one business day for replies from NCpedia. Complete guidelines are available at http://ncpedia.org/comments.