Browne, Rose Butler

By Michael Hill
Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History, 2013
http://www.ncmarkers.com

The name of Rose Butler Browne is venerated on the campus of North Carolina Central University (NCCU). Born in Boston in 1897, Browne was an influential educator, civil rights activist, and community leader in Durham. The Rhode Island College paper The Anchor called her “a leader in Negro higher education in the South.” She was the first black woman to graduate from Rhode Island College (now the University of Rhode Island) and the first black woman to receive a doctorate in education from Harvard University. 

Photograph of Rose Butler Browne Hall at Rhode Island College, photographer and date unknown.  Digital Commons, Rhode Island College Special Collections.In 1948 Dr. Browne began her tenure as chair of the Department of Education at North Carolina College for Negroes (later NCCU) in Durham. As chair, Browne oversaw the addition of a three-story education building; led the college to accreditation with the National Council of the Accreditation of Teacher Education; and established the state’s first education doctorate program. She also introduced the “Pleasurable Reading Program” to promote literacy and reading. 

Browne received national recognition by refusing to place teachers into jobs in West Virginia due to the state’s racially discriminatory pay practices. The move resulted in a shortage of teachers in the state, prompting West Virginia to revise its pay policy. During her tenure as the Mid-Atlantic director of Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority (the nation’s oldest black sorority), she oversaw the organization of new chapters throughout the region. Browne was involved with organizations such as the Girl Scouts, Young Women’s Christian Association, and the North Carolina Federation of Negro Women’s Clubs. 

During his administration, Gov. Terry Sanford appointed Browne to a committee charged with studying the needs of North Carolina’s mentally challenged children. In 1963 Browne was recognized for “outstanding service as a teacher, leader, and scholar” with a Hamilton Watch Award. In 1969 she co-authored her autobiography, Love My Children: The Education of a Teacher, with James W. English. Browne was awarded several honorary degrees. Rose Butler Browne Hall, a residence hall on the campus of Rhode Island College, is named for her. She died on December 1, 1986. 

Update from N.C. Government & Heritage Library staff: 
Rose Butler Browne was married to the Reverend Emmett T. Browne, Sr. and had one son. She retired from N.C. College in Durham in 1963 and moved to Boston.

References: 

Browne, Rose Butler, and James W. English. 1969. Love my children: an autobiography. New York: Meredith Press.

Huff, James, and Ernestine Huff. 1976. Paths toward freedom: a biographical history of Blacks and Indians in North Carolina. Raleigh: Center for Urban Affairs, North Carolina State University at Raleigh.

African American Biography (2008)—entry by Andre Vann

Kansas City-Times, August 12, 1970.

Additional Resources:

Zeta Omicron Omega Chapter. 2014. History, Heritage and Timeless Service 1955-2013 Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. Zeta Omicron Omega Chapter Mid-atlantic Region. Authorhouse.

AP. "Rose Butler Browne Is Dead; A Black Pioneer in Education." New York Times, December 5, 1986. http://www.nytimes.com/1986/12/05/obituaries/rose-butler-browne-is-dead-... (accessed April 12, 2016).

University of Rhode Island, Multicultural Student Services Center. "Dr. Rose Butler Browne." http://web.uri.edu/mcc/dr-rose-butler-browne-african-american/ (accessed April 12, 2016).

Huff, James and Ernestine Huff. Paths Toward Freedom: A Biographical History of Blacks and Indians in North Carolina by Blacks and Indians. North Carolina: The Center for Urban Affairs, North Carolina State University, 1976.

Image Credits:

"Rose Butler Browne Hall."  Photograph. [Date and photographer unknown]. Digital Commons, Rhode Island College Special Collections. http://www.ricdigitalcommons.com/SpecialCollections/items/show/2520 (accessed April 12, 2016).

Authors: 

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