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Mines and mineral resources
Bechtler Mint
by Holland, Ron. Before gold was discovered in California in 1848, North Carolina was the leading gold-producing state. Although gold was found in some abundance in North Carolina, gold coins as a medium of exchange [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Big Ore Bank
by Hairr, John. Big Ore Bank is a bed of iron ore found in eastern Lincoln County. Worked extensively in the first half of the nineteenth century, this bed was described by Denison Olmsted in 1824 as "extending from [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cabinet of Minerals
by Cross, Jerry L. The cabinet of minerals was a collection of native ores assembled in the antebellum period to illustrate their potential commercial value to the state. The original collection was completed in 1856 [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Castle McCulloch Gold Mill
by Hall, Lisa Coston. The Castle McCulloch Gold Mill is a restored gold refinery in Jamestown listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Built by Charles McCulloch, a Cornish engineer who brought the new steam [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Coal
by McArver, Charles H., Seaman, Jean H. Coal in North Carolina is limited to two belts of Triassic sediment: the sporadic Dan River belt and the larger Deep River belt, which runs along the Deep River in Lee, Moore, and Chatham Counties. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cranberry Iron Mine
by Seaman, Jean H. The Cranberry Iron Mine is located on an immense subterranean stretch of titaniferous magnetite (titanium, iron oxide) centered around Cranberry in Avery County. Said to have been used by Indians [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Endor Furnace
by Hill, Michael. Endor Furnace, a large smelting furnace near Cumnock in Lee County, provided iron to the Confederacy from 1862 to 1865 and thereafter operated periodically through the end of the nineteenth century. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Environment and Natural Resources, Department of
by Stick, David. The origins of what came to be known as the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources date as far back as 1823, when the state sponsored a geological survey. Later, state [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Fulenwider, John
by White, Emmett R. John Fulenwider, iron manufacturer, was born in Switzerland and as a young boy came to America with his father and family, who settled in Rowan County. During the American Revolution, he was a Whig [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Geology
by Vocci, Robert Blair, Templeton, Lee Plummer. North Carolina's rich geologic history and composition are as dramatic as its topography. The collisions of numerous ancient landmasses resulted in majestic mountains, with their blend of diverse [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
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