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Trading Ford

by William H. Bingham Jr., 2006

"Yadkin River and the Trading Ford - Narrows of the Yadkin." Image courtesy of official  Rowan County website. Trading Ford was a shallow area of the Yadkin River located about seven miles northeast of Salisbury. As one of the few places where the Yadkin could be crossed on foot or horseback, Trading Ford was a focal point for the movement of people through Piedmont North Carolina for hundreds of years. Early European explorers followed old, well-established Indian trading routes that crossed the Yadkin at Trading Ford and connected the Indians of eastern North Carolina and Virginia with those of western North Carolina and beyond. As he followed this path in 1701, English explorer John Lawson paused at Trading Ford to stay with a tribe of Saponi Indians encamped there. Today, parts of highways I-85 and U.S. 64 follow the general direction of these trading paths.

In the mid-eighteenth century, Trading Ford saw the migration of German and Scotch-Irish settlers traveling down the Great Wagon Road from Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Maryland in search of unclaimed lands. One fork of this road merged with the Indian trading path north of the Yadkin River before crossing Trading Ford. Like a highway interchange, the area attracted early settlements along the banks of the Yadkin and its tributaries in present-day Rowan and Davidson Counties. Among the early inhabitants of the "Jersey Settlement" on the Davidson County side of Trading Ford was the Ellis family, whose plantation would become the birthplace of antebellum governor John W. Ellis.

In February 1781 Trading Ford played a minor role in the Revolutionary War in North Carolina. After the Battle of Cowpens, Patriots under Gen. Nathanael Greene marched north from Charlotte to avoid the British army led by Lord Charles Cornwallis. The Americans arrived at Trading Ford in the evening and safely crossed to the other side, taking all boats with them. The British troops arrived shortly afterward, but rains had caused the Yadkin to rise, and without boats they had no means of catching the Americans.

Although a bridge had been built across the Yadkin by the mid-nineteenth century, Trading Ford remained in use and was sketched in 1849 by Benson Lossing for his Pictorial Field-Book of the Revolution. As a result of a dam built at High Rock in the 1920s, much of the lowlands near Trading Ford were flooded, and the ford no longer is passable. However, the islands located near it are still visible to the east of the I-85 bridge.

References:

James S. Brawley, The Rowan Story, 1753-1953: A Narrative History of Rowan County, North Carolina (1953).

Robert W. Ramsey, Carolina Cradle: Settlement of the Northwest Carolina Frontier, 1747-1762 (1964).

Douglas L. Rights, The American Indian in North Carolina (2nd ed., 1957).

Image Credit:

"Yadkin River and the Trading Ford - Narrows of the Yadkin." Image courtesy of official  Rowan County website. Available from http://www.rowancountync.gov/GOVERNMENT/Departments/RowanPublicLibrary/HistoryRoom/TheoBuerbaumsSalisbury/YadkinRiverandtheTradingFord/NarrowsoftheYadkin.aspx (accessed May 25, 2012).

 

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Copyright notice

This article is from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina edited by William S. Powell. Copyright © 2006 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

Educator Resources on North Carolina American Indians

NC Humanities Council, 2009 - 2011. "Teaching about North Carolina American Indians." Online at Learn NC.

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