Societies, clubs, and organizations

Societies, clubs, and organizations
Agricultural Society
by Williams, Wiley J. The Agricultural Society of North Carolina was organized in December 1818 in Raleigh with Governor John Branch as ex officio president and Joseph Gales Sr., publisher of the Raleigh Register, as [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
American Association of University Women
by Jones, H. G., Blalock, Susan L. The North Carolina Chapter of the American Association of University Women (NCAAUW) was founded in 1927, 46 years after the national organization. It has maintained a strong presence at the state's [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
American Dance Festival
by Pertalion, Patricia L. The American Dance Festival (ADF) is a six-week summer gathering of dance students, choreographers, and dance professionals of emerging and legendary status who work together in an exchange of dance [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
American Legion
by Belton, Tom. The American Legion maintains an important presence in North Carolina, a state that is home to several large military bases and thousands of active and retired soldiers. The U.S. Congress officially [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
American Missionary Association
by Williams, Wiley J. The American Missionary Association (AMA) was a Christian educational organization founded on 3 Sept. 1846 in Albany, N.Y., through the antislavery coalition of the Union Missionary Society, the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Anti-Saloon League
by Orvedahl, Ginny. The North Carolina Anti-Saloon League was organized in 1902, with J. W. Bailey as chairman of its executive committee. Bailey, a native of Warrenton, was also a U.S. senator. Those involved in the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Black Freemasonry
by Kenzer, Robert C. Black Freemasonry, like its white counterpart, promotes fellowship within a membership that engages in a wide variety of social and benevolent activities. Although black freemasonry dates back to the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Black Panther Party
by Schutz, J. Christopher. The Black Panther Party was founded in Oakland, Calif., in October 1966. The controversial organization espoused black pride and black control of neighborhood institutions, preached self-defense [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Blue Lodges
by McGee, Barry. Blue Lodges were secret groups organized to defend slavery and the "southern way of life" in response to the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. The new law, sponsored by Senator Stephen A. Douglas of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Boy Scouts of America
by Troxler, George W. Boy Scouts of America by George W. Troxler, 2006 See also: Girl Scouts of the U.S.A The scouting movement, incorporating personal integrity, preparedness, and philanthropic ideals, was [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Brookings Institution
by Weaver, Robert D. The Brookings Institution, a private, nonprofit organization devoted to public policy analysis based in Washington, D.C., played an instrumental role in helping North Carolina cope with the effects [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cape Fear Club
by Steelman, Bennett L. The Cape Fear Club is a business and professional men's club, founded on 3 Mar. 1866 in Wilmington and incorporated on 8 Feb. 1872. It is generally recognized as the oldest social club of its kind in [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Carolina Political Union
by Williams, Wiley J. The Carolina Political Union (CPU) was formed at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in the spring of 1935 to carry out an idea formulated by Floyd Fletcher, a senior from Raleigh, and [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Chambers of Commerce
by Williams, Wiley J. Chambers of Commerce are associations of business people attempting to promote the interests of their members and of local businesses in general. These organizations work to bring new industries to [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Children of the Confederacy
by Davis, Charles C. Children of the confederacy is an organization for both male and female descendants of those who honorably served the confederate states of America during the civil war. Sponsored and supervised by [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Christian and Missionary Alliance
by Martin, James I., Sr. The Christian and Missionary Alliance (CMA), an international, evangelical Protestant denomination, traces its origins to the ministry of Albert B. Simpson (1843-1919), a Canadian Presbyterian [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Civic Clubs
by Williams, Wiley J., Faulkner, Ronnie W., Bates, Jerry S., Cause, Sue, Kelley, Roy W., Morris, J. B., Overby, Willis H., Whitefield, Clarence E. Civic clubs play a significant role in the social, economic, and cultural life of North Carolina women and men and have done so for decades. In the early 1800s, people from different professions and [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Clogging
by Baker, Bruce E. Clogging is a form of traditional solo step dancing to traditional string music common in western North Carolina and growing in popularity across the state and nation. The term has been used to [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Colonization Societies
by Mitchell, Memory F., Canipe, Jeremy T. Colonization Societies were organized in the early nineteenth century to promote the relocation of African Americans, particularly free blacks, to places such as Haiti, Liberia, the American Midwest, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Colored Farmers' Alliance
by Losse, Helen. The Colored Farmers' Alliance was created when an agricultural depression hit the South around 1870 and farmers began to organize themselves into radical political groups. It paralleled the white [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Commission of Indian Affairs
by Williams, Wiley J. The North Carolina Commission of Indian Affairs was created by the 1971 General Assembly as a response to requests of concerned Indian citizens. Among the important concerns of the commission were [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Commission on Interracial Cooperation
by Williams, Wiley J. The Commission on Interracial Cooperation (CIC), founded in 1919 with support from the Julius Rosenwald Fund and based in Atlanta, was dedicated to the improvement of race relations in the South. In [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Committee for Economic and Racial Justice
by Williams, Wiley J. The Committee for Economic and Racial Justice was established in February 1934 by a group of like-minded social activists following their resignation from the Fellowship of Reconciliation, a pacifist [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Committees of Observation
by Powell, William S. Committees of Observation existed as a part of the preliminary political and military activity at the beginning of the American Revolution. Citizens who were reluctant to support the movement for [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Communism
by Cain, Robert J. Following the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in 1917, American sympathizers founded several communist parties. The two largest ones merged in 1921 to form what came to be called the Communist Party [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Communist Workers Party
by Schutz, J. Christopher. The Communist Workers Party (CWP) was a small, Leninist-Maoist organization founded in October 1979 through a reorganization of the Workers Viewpoint Organization (WVO). As it advocated the wholesale [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Confederate Memorial Day
by Davis, Charles C. Confederate Memorial Day has been observed in North Carolina and throughout the South on different days and under various names since 1866. In that first year after the close of the Civil War, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Country Clubs
by Menius, Arthur. Country Clubs by Arthur Menius, 2006 See also: Golf; Tennis Country clubs became a part of American life during the last quarter of the nineteenth century with the rise in popularity of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Daughters of the American Revolution
by Templeton, Lee Plummer. The Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) is comprised of women who have traced their families back at least to the time of the American Revolution and have found a forefather or foremother who [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Death to the Klan March
by Schutz, J. Christopher, Stoesen, Alexander R. The "Death to the Klan" March, which took place in Greensboro in late 1979, involved a violent showdown between members of the Communist Workers Party (CWP), the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), and a neo-Nazi [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
El festival internacional oficial
by . Folkmoot USA es un festival folklórico internacional que se lleva a cabo todos los veranos en el oeste de Carolina del Norte en la entrada del Parque Nacional de las Montañas Great Smoky. Luciendo [...] (from NC Office of Archives and History.)
Electricity's Impact on Rural Life
by Jones, Lu Ann. Electricity's Impact on Rural Life "The Day the Lights Came on" by Lu Ann Jones Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian. Spring 1985. Tar Heel Junior Historian [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society
by Midgette, Nancy Smith. The Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society, founded in Chapel Hill in 1883 by Francis Preston Venable and other University of North Carolina scientists, served as a forerunner of the modern North [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Everett, Mary: The End Of The Century Book Club
by Cecelski, David S. Mary Everett belongs to one of the state's oldest book clubs, the End of the Century Book Club in Greenville. For its 100th anniversary celebration last year, Everett studied the club's minutes, [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
Farm Bureau Federation
by McGee, Barry. The Farm Bureau Federation is North Carolina's largest general farm organization, offering a diversity of activities, programs, and services to meet the state's agricultural needs. No record exists [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Farmers Union
by Stevenson, George. The Farmers Union, officially the Farmers Educational and Cooperative Union, was organized in Texas in 1902 to improve the educational, economic, social, and political condition of southern farmers. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Farmers' Alliance
by Hunt, James L. The Farmers' Alliance, formally known as the North Carolina State Farmers' Alliance and Industrial Union, was a large and influential organization of farmers and rural citizens that was founded in [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Fellowship of Southern Churchmen
by McRae, Elizabeth Gillespie. The Fellowship of Southern Churchmen (FSC), organized in 1934 and headquartered in North Carolina, was a loosely affiliated group of prophetic, neo-orthodox southern Christians, both black and white, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Flying Squadrons
by Troxler, George W. Flying squadrons, or motorcades of union picketers, were first used widely in North Carolina by the United Textile Workers of America (UTWA) in the industry's massive General Textile Strike of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Four-H Clubs
by Whisnant, Scott. Four-H Clubs grew out of efforts by numerous people to improve educational and other opportunities for farm families in America. In the early years of the twentieth century, clubs were organized in [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Four-Minute Men
by Powell, William S. Four-Minute Men gained their nickname because of their four-minute speeches concerning the importance of backing the nation's participation in World War I. In 1917, after a German submarine sank the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Fraternities and Sororities
by Bullard, Brian, Caldwell, Martha Belle. Fraternities and Sororities, officially called National Collegiate Social Greek Letter Societies, have been present in North Carolina since at least 1812 and form a significant presence on the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Free Will Baptist Children's Home
by Pelt, Michael R. At the first annual session of the North Carolina Convention of Original Free Will Baptists in 1913, a proposal to establish an orphanage was adopted. During the next two years, possible sites for [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Freemasons
by Kobrin, Lisa Brantley, Moody, Monica. The Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, known as Freemasons or Masons, is a secret fraternal society that has members in all parts of the world. The organization stresses the members' duty to their [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
General Education Board
by Williams, Wiley J. The General Education Board (GEB) was a philanthropic organization endowed by the Rockefeller family and chartered in 1903 by the U.S. Congress for "the promotion of education in the United States of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gideon's Band
by Faulkner, Ronnie W. Gideon's Band was the name of a secret political order that purportedly operated in North Carolina between 1892 and 1894. The group, which was said to have only a few hundred adherents, was believed [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gimghoul Castle
by Mills, Jerry Leath. Gimghoul Castle in Chapel Hill is a large stone building constructed in the style of a medieval castle or fort, situated on Point Prospect (sometimes known as Piney Prospect) in Battle Park. It is [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Girl Scouts of the U.S.A
by Brashear, Grace R. Girl Scouts of the U.S.A by Grace R. Brashear, 2006 See also: Boy Scouts of America Girl Scouts of the U.S.A. (GSUSA) was founded in 1912 in Savannah, Ga., by Juliette Gordon Low, who [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Grange
by Zipf, Karin Lorene. The Grange, also known as the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry, is a rural organization that promotes community values and serves as a vehicle for farmers to mold and shape state policies. The [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Heroes of America
by Auman, William T. Heroes of America (HOA), also referred to as the "Red Strings," was an underground, pro-Union organization operating in North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, and perhaps other southern states [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Historic Preservation
by Lamm, Alan K., Carpenter, Joanne G. During the 1930s North Carolina received federal money for historic preservation through the Works Progress Administration, part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal. Federal funds permitted [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Institute for Research in Social Science
by Reed, John Shelton. The Institute for Research in Social Science (IRSS) at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill was founded in 1924 with support from the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial of New York. At [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Inter-State Farmers' Conference
by Hunt, James L. The Inter-State Farmers' Conference, held in Raleigh in August 1888, was the Second Annual Meeting of the Inter-State Farmers' Association. The association had been formally organized by elite [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Jeanes Fund
by Williams, Wiley J. The Jeanes Fund, the popular name for the Negro Rural School Fund of the Anna T. Jeanes Foundation, was endowed by a Philadelphia Quaker benefactor in 1907 with $1 million. The original board of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
John Birch Society
by Williams, Wiley J. The John Birch Society was founded in Indianapolis on 9 Dec. 1958 by Robert Henry Winborne Welch Jr., a Fundamentalist Baptist born in Chowan County and a graduate of the University of North Carolina [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
John Locke Foundation
by Vocci, Robert Blair. The John Locke Foundation, named for the seventeenth century English philosopher whose writings are central to American political thought, is a Raleigh-based nonprofit and nonpartisan think tank, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Johnson, John Lewis
by Auman, William T., Scarboro, David D. John Lewis Johnson, physician, druggist, and dental surgeon, was a founder and leader of the Unionist secret society known as the Heroes of America, or "Red Strings," during the Civil War and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Jordan, Charles Edward
by Green, C. Sylvester. Jordan, Charles Edward by C. Sylvester Green, 1988 13 Apr. 1901–4 Feb. 1974 See also:  Benjamin Everett Jordan (from the Dictionary of North Carolina [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Kate B. Reynolds Charitable Trust
by Moore, Cecelia. The Kate B. Reynolds Charitable Trust is a philanthropic foundation created in 1947 and based in Winston-Salem. By virtue of the intent of its donor, the trust is dedicated to improving health care [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Kehukee Baptist Association
by Moore, Anne. The Kehukee Baptist Association was formed in the eighteenth century by Baptist churches in eastern North Carolina that had belonged to the Charleston Baptist Convention but decided, because of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Kellenberger Foundation
by Williams, Wiley J. The Kellenberger Historical Foundation (formerly the May Gordon Latham Kellenberger Historical Foundation) was established in 1979 in New Bern, following the donor's death on 1 May 1978. The [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
King's Daughters and Sons
by Horton, Clarence E., Jr. The King's Daughters and Sons developed out of a new Christian service order, the Silent Sisters of Service, formed in New York City by Margaret Bottome on 13 Jan. 1886. Originally open only to [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Knights of the Golden Circle
by Parramore, Thomas C. The Knights of the Golden Circle (KGC) was a secret military organization created in 1859 by George W. L. Bickley in Cincinnati, Ohio. Its stated aim was to sponsor and conduct military expeditions [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Ku Klux Klan
by Trelease, Allen W. There have been three Ku Klux Klan KKK movements in North Carolina and the nation, similar in character but distinct organizationally and chronologically. The first Klan flourished in the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
La academia militar oficial
by . La Academia Militar de Oak Ridge, en Oak Ridge, Carolina del Norte, es una academia preparatoria militar y colegial para jóvenes de ambos sexos en los grados de séptimo a duodécimo. Oak Ridge es la [...] (from NC Office of Archives and History.)
Labor Unions- Part 1: Introduction
by Williams, Wiley J., Glass, Brent D. Labor Unions by Brent D. Glass and Wiley J. Williams, 2006 See also: Child Labor; Flying Squadrons; Gastonia Strike; Harriet-Henderson Cotton Mills Strike; Right-to-Work Law. Labor [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Labor Unions- Part 2: Early Labor Movements and Conflicts in the Textile Industry
by Williams, Wiley J., Glass, Brent D. Labor Unions by Brent D. Glass and Wiley J. Williams, 2006 See also: Child Labor; Flying Squadrons; Gastonia Strike; Harriet-Henderson Cotton Mills Strike; Right-to-Work Law. Labor [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Labor Unions- Part 3: The General Strike of 1934 and the Battle for Union Leadership
by Williams, Wiley J., Glass, Brent D. Labor Unions by Brent D. Glass and Wiley J. Williams, 2006 See also: Child Labor; Flying Squadrons; Gastonia Strike; Harriet-Henderson Cotton Mills Strike; Right-to-Work Law; Textile Strike [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Labor Unions- Part 4: Civil Rights Unionism, "Operation Dixie," and the Birth of the ACTWU
by Williams, Wiley J., Glass, Brent D. Labor Unions by Brent D. Glass and Wiley J. Williams, 2006 See also: Child Labor; Flying Squadrons; Gastonia Strike; Harriet-Henderson Cotton Mills Strike; Right-to-Work Law. Labor [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Labor Unions- Part 5: North Carolina Organized Labor: The Modern Era
by Williams, Wiley J., Glass, Brent D. Labor Unions by Brent D. Glass and Wiley J. Williams, 2006 See also: Child Labor; Flying Squadrons; Gastonia Strike; Harriet-Henderson Cotton Mills Strike; Right-to-Work Law. Labor [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
League of Women Voters
by Dodd, Marian. The League of Women Voters of North Carolina was founded in 1920 by leaders of the movement for women suffrage to inform and encourage active participation by citizens in public policy issues. As a [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Los bailes del estado
by . La Asamblea General del 2005 adoptó el baile del zapateo (clogging) como el baile folklórico oficial de Carolina del Norte y “shagging” como el baile popular de Carolina del Norte (G.S. [...] (from NC Office of Archives and History.)
Man Will Never Fly Memorial Society
by Williford, Jo Ann. The Man Will Never Fly Memorial Society was formed in 1959 with the motto, "Birds Fly-Men Drink." Each year the society holds a party beginning the afternoon of 16 December and ending at 10:45 a.m. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Mary Duke Biddle Foundation
by Williams, Wiley J. Mary Duke Biddle Foundation, established in 1956 in New York City and now headquartered in Durham, provides support for private higher and secondary education, specified churches, cultural programs [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Medical Society
by Hatcher, Susan Tucker. The North Carolina Medical Society was founded in 1849 "to unite, serve, and represent physicians, in order to enhance physician advocacy for their patients, and improve the health of the people of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Menhaden Chanteymen
by Foote, Margaret, Kress, Kelly. The Menhaden Chanteymen are a group of retired African American fishermen who previously worked off the coast near Beaufort. The group, during their working years, used singing to synchronize the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Moore, Louis Toomer
by Perdew, Margaret Moore. Louis Toomer Moore, journalist, author, and local historian, was born in Wilmington, the son of Colonel Roger and Susan Eugenia Beery Moore. He was a lineal descendant of James Moore, colonial [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
by Gavins, Raymond, Vocci, Robert Blair. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People by Raymond Gavins, 2006 Additional research provided by Robert Blair Vocci. The National Association for the Advancement of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
National Negro Business League
by Kenzer, Robert C. The National Negro Business League was created by Booker T. Washington in 1900 to encourage black entrepreneurs in the United States. While one of the most visible aspects of the league was its [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
National Society of the Colonial Dames of America in the State of North Carolina
by Tetterton, Beverly. The National Society of the Colonial Dames of America in the State of North Carolina, formerly called the North Carolina Society of the Colonial Dames, was the fourteenth state society added to the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
New Bern Benevolent Society
by Jones, Victor T., Jr. The New Bern Benevolent Society traces its roots to the 1812 founding of the New Bern Female Charitable Society, the first benevolent society incorporated in North Carolina. The society was formed to [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Academy of Science
by Midgette, Nancy Smith. The North Carolina Academy of Science is a significant part of the professional lives of the state's scientists. Organized in 1902, the academy sought to fill the need for collegiality among [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Association of Colleges and Universities
by Williams, Wiley J. The North Carolina Association of Colleges and Universities traces its origins to October 1921 at a meeting of the state's college presidents and delegates in Greensboro. The meeting represented the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Association of Educators
by Martin, James I., Sr. The North Carolina Association of Educators (NCAE) was formed in 1970 with the union of the white North Carolina Education Association and the black North Carolina Teachers Association. Its earliest [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Association of Independent Colleges and Universities
by Johnson, Lloyd. The North Carolina Association of Independent Colleges and Universities was established in 1969 by North Carolina's regionally accredited private four-year colleges and universities as an advocate [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Bankers Association
by Gatton, T. Harry. The North Carolina Bankers Association (NCBA), a trade group acting as a legislative liaison at the state and federal level, was formed in July 1897 at a meeting held by the leaders of 22 North [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Bar Association
by Mitchell, Memory F. The North Carolina Bar Association dates to 1899, although a short-lived organization of lawyers had been formed in 1885. The first group had only two meetings and was formally disbanded after the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Conference for Social Service
by Finlator, W. W. The North Carolina Conference for Social Service was formed in 1912, when a body of socially conscious men and women recognized that little attention was being paid to many disadvantaged North [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Cotton Growers Association
by Porter, Matthew C. North Carolina Cotton Growers Association by Matthew C. Porter, 2006 The North Carolina Cotton Growers Association [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Council of Churches
by Mattern, Sister Evelyn. The North Carolina Council of Churches, founded in 1935, preceded the National Council of Churches, with which it nevertheless has a spiritual affiliation. The state council owes its origin to some [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Debutante Ball
by Huffines, Hart. Debutante balls, or cotillions-social events in which parents formally present their teenage daughters to adult society-have been a feature of U.S. culture since the late nineteenth century. These [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Equal Suffrage Association
by Belton, Tom. North Carolina Equal Suffrage Association was formed in 1894 in Asheville but had little activity until November 1913, when it met in Charlotte and elected Barbara Henderson of Chapel Hill as [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Farmers' Association
by Steelman, Lala Carr. The North Carolina Farmers' Association evolved out of two meetings, the first of which took place in Raleigh on 18 Jan. 1887. Creation of the organization was inspired by a network of farmers' clubs [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Genealogical Society
by Spencer, R. S., Jr. The North Carolina Genealogical Society was established in 1974 to raise the standards of genealogical research; to encourage and instruct members in the area of genealogical research; to acquaint [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina High School Athletic Association
by Williams, Wiley J. The North Carolina High School Athletic Association, which traces its origin to 1913, is a voluntary nonprofit corporation that administers the state's interscholastic athletic program. Any public or [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Industrial Association
by Murray, Elizabeth Reid. The North Carolina Industrial Association (NCIA), an organization of African American civic leaders formed in 1879, was known primarily for its presentation of the annual North Carolina Industrial [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Literary and Historical Association
by Jones, H. G. The North Carolina Literary and Historical Association was formed on 23 Oct. 1900 for the purposes of the "collection, preservation, production, and dissemination" of North Carolina literature and [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Press Association
by Shires, Nancy P. The North Carolina Press Association (NCPA) was established on 14 May 1873 in Goldsboro, making it one of the oldest such organizations in the United States. J. A. Engelhard, of the Wilmington [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Society of New York
by Woodbury, Thomas. The North Carolina Society of New York is the oldest surviving state society in New York City. The society was founded in 1898 by five New York residents who were North Carolina natives and who were [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Sorosis
by Rowe, Barbara. North Carolina Sorosis, organized in Wilmington on 4 Dec. 1895, was the first federated woman's club in North Carolina. Begun by 15 community-minded women, the organization's name comes from the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Tax Relief Association
by Williams, Wiley J. The North Carolina Tax Relief Association (NCTRA) was formed in Raleigh in March 1930 to address the dire economic issues stemming from the Great Depression. As farm prices fell and businesses [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Writers Conference
by Jones, H. G. The North Carolina Writers Conference (NCWC), the oldest general organization of writers in the state, was inspired by a suggestion by novelist Inglis Fletcher and an invitation from publisher [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Writers' Network
by Williams, Wiley J. The North Carolina Writers' Network (NCWN), founded in 1985, is a nonprofit organization with some 1,800 members, making it one of the nation's largest independent literary organizations. NCWN's [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Caroliniana Society
by Jones, H. G. The North Caroliniana Society was founded in 1975 by H. G. Jones, William S. Powell, and Louis M. Connor Jr. for the promotion of knowledge and appreciation of North Carolina's historical, cultural, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Odd Fellows Lodge
by Powell, William S. The Odd Fellows Lodge is a benevolent and fraternal organization whose stated goal is to visit the sick, relieve the distressed, bury the dead, educate the orphans, and protect the widows. The group [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Orphans
by Towles, Louis P. Orphans by Louis P. Towles, 2006 See also: Free Will Baptist Children's Home; Baptist Children's Homes; Methodist Home for Children Orphans were an important part of colonial North [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Parent-Teacher Associations
by Williams, Wiley J., York, Maury. Parent-Teacher Associations in North Carolina were an outgrowth of the National Congress of Parents and Teachers, organized in Washington, D.C., on 17 Feb. 1897 as the National Congress of Mothers. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Red Cross
by Dysart, John B. The American Red Cross, a nonprofit humanitarian organization dedicated to helping citizens prepare for and respond to large-scale emergencies, was formed in 1881, modeled on humanitarian work by [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Red Shirts
by Hunt, James L. The Red Shirts were armed gangs of white men acting as a terrorist and intimidation wing of the Democratic Party in the state elections of 1898 and 1900. The Red Shirts received their name from loose [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Rhine Research Center
by McVaugh, Michael R. The Rhine Research Center, located in Durham, studies telepathy, clairvoyance, precognition, and other paranormal experiences. The center traces its roots to 1928, when William McDougall left Harvard [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Roanoke-Chowan Group
by Parker, Roy, Jr. The Roanoke-Chowan Group of Writers and Allied Artists began in 1948 as an informal gathering of writers, musicians, painters, and patrons of the arts called together by retired banker Gilbert T. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Royal Knights of King David
by Powell, William S. Royal Knights of King David by William S. Powell, 2006 See also: North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company. The Royal Knights of King David was an organization formed in 1883 by [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Salvation Army
by Smith, William W. The Salvation Army, an international Christian religious and charitable organization founded in England in 1865, came to the United States in 1879. The basic unit of the Salvation Army is the corps [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Sandy Creek Baptist Association
by Jonas, Glenn. Sandy Creek Baptist Association by Glenn Jonas, 2006 See Also: Baptists; Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary; North Carolina Baptist Historical Collection The Sandy Creek Baptist [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Scales Trial
by Cain, Robert J. Junius Irving Scales, from a prominent Greensboro family that included his great-uncle, Governor Alfred Moore Scales, in 1939 joined the Communist Party of the United States while enrolled at the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Seaman's Friend Society
by Stinson, Craig M. The Seaman's Friend Society was organized by a number of prominent businessmen, women, and other citizens in the city of Wilmington to "improve the social, moral, and religious condition of the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Shag Dancing
by Baxley, Laura Young. The shag is a popular dance most commonly associated with the beach towns of NorthCarolina and South Carolina. It is a two-person, male-led dance with a basic step that allows much room for [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Smith Richardson Foundation
by Moore, Cecelia. The Smith Richardson Foundation is an independent organization started in 1935 by North Carolinia businessman H. Smith Richardson and his wife, Grace Jones Richardson. The foundation, today based in [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Socialist Party of North Carolina
by Williams, Wiley J. The Socialist Party of North Carolina (SPNC), formed in 1996, is the modern affiliate of the national Socialist Party, which was organized in July 1901 by the merger of the Social Democratic Party, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts
by Nelson, John K. Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts by John K. Nelson, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Society of the Cincinnati
by Sparrow, W. Keats, Maupin, Armistead Jones. Society of the Cincinnati by Armistead Jones Maupin, 2006 Additional research provided by W. Keats Sparrow. The Society of the Cincinnati was formed at the close of the American Revolution [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Sons of Confederate Veterans
by Davis, Charles C. With its international headquarters located at Elm Springs Plantation in Columbia, Tenn., and a significant contingent in North Carolina, the Sons of Confederate Veterans is the oldest organization [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Sons of the Revolution in the State of North Carolina
by Powell, William S. The Sons of the Revolution in the State of North Carolina, a social, literary, and patriotic society, was organized by ten men who met at the state library in Raleigh on 25 Oct. 1893. Membership was [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
by Gavins, Raymond. Southern Christian Leadership Conference by Raymond Gavins, 2006 The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), established in 1957 in Atlanta and headed by Martin Luther King Jr. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Southern Highland Craft Guild
by Cross, Dennis W. The Southern Highland Craft Guild (SHCG) was established in 1930 and has worked steadily since then to document, encourage, support, and exhibit the handicrafts of the people of North Carolina and [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Sunday Schools
by Surratt, Jerry L. The Sunday school as an instrument for teaching children originated in Gloucester, England, about 1780. Philanthropist Robert Raikes originated the idea out of his concern for the ignorance and rowdy [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Temperance Movement
by Williams, Wiley J. The temperance movement in North Carolina, which had as its goal the elimination or severe restriction of alcoholic beverage consumption in the state, is often equated with the formation of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Tomato Clubs
by Wright, Marilyn. Tomato clubs, promoting the involvement of young girls in finding ways to increase the production of agricultural crops, were started by the North Carolina Department of Agriculture in 1911 at the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Ugly Club
by Powell, William S. The Ugly Club had been organized by a small body of students at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill by 1831 for the avowed purpose of helping homesick students overcome their malady. As [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Upchurch, John Jordan
by Martin, John M. John Jordan Upchurch, founder of the Ancient Order of United Workmen, was born on a farm in Franklin County, one of four children of Ambrose and Elizabeth Hill Upchurch. After 1824, when his father [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Vance, Rupert Bayless
by Copeland, J. Isaac. Rupert Bayless Vance, university professor and sociologist, was born in Plumerville, a community in central Arkansas located only a short distance from Conway. He was the oldest of four children of [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Veterans' Groups
by Lamm, Alan K. The first national organization established for the purpose of bringing veterans together in the new American republic was the Society of the Cincinnati, established at the end of the Revolutionary [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Warren Junto
by Williams, Wiley J. The Warren Junto was the nickname of a group of politicians, led by Nathaniel Macon and all having some connection to Warren County, who were instrumental in the growth of the Jeffersonian Republican [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Warriors of AniKituhwa
by Duncan, Barbara Reimensnyder. A powerful cry echoes from the mountains: “Whoooooo hooo!” A group of Cherokee men answers even louder: “Whoooooo hooo!” The cry from the mountains echoes back. Seven men walk out, covered in red [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Watauga Club
by Snider, William D. Organized on 26 May 1884 in Raleigh, the Watauga Club sprang out of the desire of a group of young, professional North Carolinians to look toward the future rather than remain transfixed by the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
White Citizens' Councils
by Schutz, J. Christopher, McRae, Elizabeth Gillespie. White Citizens' Councils were established during the 1950s in reaction to federal initiatives to end racial segregation in the South. Historically, they were similar to the various white supremacy [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
White Patriots of North Carolina
by McRae, Elizabeth Gillespie. On 22 Aug. 1955, following the U.S. Supreme Court's 1954 decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, 356 men and women formed the White Patriots of North Carolina to circumvent the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
William R. Kenan Jr. Charitable Trust
by Bingham, Warren L. The William R. Kenan Jr. Charitable Trust was established by bequest from the estate of chemist and industrialist William R. Kenan Jr., a native North Carolinian and a member of the University of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Women's Association for the Betterment of Public Schoolhouses
by Belton, Tom. Interest in education and child welfare were major themes for women reformers in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century North Carolina. In a speech to students in 1902 at the North Carolina [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Woodmen of the World
by Barile, Suzy. The Woodmen of the World is a national fraternal benefit society founded on 6 June 1890 during a meeting at the Paxton Hotel in Omaha, Neb. Its founder, Joseph Cullen Root, was also the founder of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
YMCA and YWCA
by Rogers, Max P. Both the Young Men's Christian Association and the Young Women's Christian Association were founded in London-in 1844 and 1855, respectively. The YMCA arrived in the United States in Boston in 1851; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Z. Smith Reynolds Foundation
by Bair, Anna Withers. Zachary Smith Reynolds was the youngest child of tobacco magnate Richard Joshua Reynolds and Katharine Smith Reynolds and one of the earliest licensed airplane pilots in the nation. When his estate [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Viewing all 142 articles.