Bookmark and Share

Printer-friendly versionPDF version
Average: 4 (11 votes)
Granville County

Granville County, NC

LAND AREA: 531.57 square miles
2013 POPULATION ESTIMATE: 58,275   
White: 64.9%
Black/African American: 32.0% 
American Indian: 0.7%
Asian: 0.7%    
Pacific Islander: 0.1%
Two or more races: 1.6%
Hispanic/Latino: 7.5% (of any race)

From State & County QuickFacts, US Census Bureau, 2014.

Biographies forBiography icon
Granville County

Bobcat trackWildlife profiles
Piedmont region

Geographic Information

REGION: Piedmont
RIVER BASIN: Neuse, Roanoke, Tar-Pamlico
NEIGHBORING COUNTIES: Durham, Franklin, Person, Vance, Wake

Granville County, NC

by Allyson C. Criner, 2006

Granville County, located in the Piedmont region of north central North Carolina and partially bordered by the state of Virginia, was formed in 1746 from Edgecombe County. It was named for John Lord Carteret, second Earl Granville, who was granted the land of the Granville District by King George II. The county reached its present dimensions after being divided in 1752, 1764, and 1881 to form parts of Orange, Bute (no longer extant), and Vance Counties, respectively. Oxford is the county seat, having succeeded Granville Court House in that capacity in 1811. Other communities in Granville County include Butner, Creedmoor, Stem, and Stovall.

Tuscarora and Saponi Indians dominated the many tribes that once inhabited Granville County. Settlers, mostly from Virginia, began to occupy the area after the Tuscarora War of 1711-13. Agriculture, particularly the production of tobacco using slave labor, drove the early economy of Granville County, which, during slavery's peak in the mid-nineteenth century, was one of a handful of North Carolina counties with as many as 10,000 slaves. The county also had a sizable community of free blacks, including dozens of craftsmen such as the masons who helped build the homes of some of the county's more affluent families. The development in the 1850s of bright leaf tobacco, which could be cultivated in the sandy soil of the Piedmont, kept tobacco production strong in the county following the elimination of a slave-based plantation economy.

Granville County is still one of the largest tobacco-producing areas in the state, but with the introduction of manufacturing industries, the county's economy is no longer primarily agricultural. Manufactured products include apparel, tires, telecommunications equipment, cosmetics, and china. Camp Butner, a major World War II military installation, was converted for other uses, including a federal prison and state mental hospital. In 2004 the population of Granville County was estimated to be 53,000.

References:

Lewis Bowling, Granville County Revisited (2003).

Additional resources:

Granville County Government: http://granvillenc.govoffice2.com/

Granville County Chamber of Commerce: http://www.granville-chamber.com/

DigitalNC, Granville County: http://digitalnc.org/counties/granville-county

Image credits:

Rudersdorf, Amy. 2010. "NC County Maps." Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.

Origin - location: 

Comments

I would like to know if F S Royster had a slave named James William Royster sometime in the 1700 or 1800's?

Dear Ima,

Thank you for visiting NCpedia and taking time to share your question.

I am replying to the NCpedia you included in your post and cc’ing Reference Services at the NC Government & Heritage Library.  A librarian will contact you shortly to help with this question if you are still looking for information.

I am also including here the link to the Frank Sheppard Royster, Sr. NCpedia entry for additional information for Reference Services: http://ncpedia.org/biography/royster-frank-sheppard-sr

Best wishes,

Kelly Agan, NC Government & Heritage Library

Do you have information about Harriet Byrd who married Jacob Dennard? Both born about 1750. I have traced my ancestors to this area. Also about Thomas Dennard born early 1700s and possibly Jacob's father.

Dear James,

Thanks for visiting NCpedia and asking your question.

Unfortunately, NCpedia does not have any additional information about Harriet Byrd and Jacob Dennard.  

If you would assistance locating resources about your family history, genealogy librarians at the Government & Heritage Library can help.  You can find the library's contact information and services on our website at http://statelibrary.ncdcr.gov/contact.html.

I am also forwarding this information to you in an email.

Good luck!

Kelly Agan, Government & Heritage Library

Add a comment

PLEASE NOTE: NCpedia will not publish personal contact information in comments, questions, or responses. If you would like a reply by email, please note thats some email servers are blocked from accepting messages from outside email servers or domains. These often include student email addresses from public school email accounts. If you prefer not to leave an email address, check back at your NCpedia comment for a reply. Please allow one business day for replies from NCpedia. Complete guidelines are available at http://ncpedia.org/comments.

Grey Squirrel - Click me to return to the top of the page