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Randolph County

Randolph County, NC

LAND AREA: 782.52 square miles
White: 90.0%
Black/African American: 6.3%
American Indian: 1.1%    
Asian: 1.1%    
Pacific Islander: 0.1%
Two or more races: 1.5%
Hispanic/Latino: 10.9% (of any race)

From State & County QuickFacts, US Census Bureau, 2014.

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Randolph County

Bobcat trackWildlife profiles
Piedmont region

Geographic Information

REGION: Piedmont
RIVER BASIN: Cape Fear, Yadkin-Pee Dee
NEIGHBORING COUNTIES: Alamance, Chatham, Davidson, Guilford, Montgomery, Moore

Randolph County, NC

by Jay Mazzocchi, 2006

Randolph County, located in the Piedmont region of North Carolina, was formed in 1779 from Guilford County and named for Peyton Randolph, the first president of the Continental Congress. Early inhabitants of the area included the Saponi, Keyauwee, and other Siouan Indians, followed by German, Scotch-Irish, and English settlers. Quakers and Moravians also migrated to the area in the eighteenth century. Asheboro, the county seat, was incorporated in 1796 and named for Samuel Ashe, a former governor of North Carolina. It is the location of the North Carolina Zoological Park, which attracts thousands of visitors each year and has spurred a great deal of growth in the town and county. Other Randolph County communities include Archdale, Ramseur, Liberty, Seagrove, Franklinville, Coleridge, Whynot, Trinity, and Worthville. Randolph County is covered in part by the Uwharrie National Forest. Other notable physical features of the county include the Uwharrie River, Purgatory Mountain, Squirrel Creek, the Little River, and Needhams Mountain.

Several important participants in the War of the Regulation (1764-71) lived in what is now Randolph County. Trinity College, established in 1838, moved to Durham in 1892 and became Duke University. Randolph County is home to a number of historic sites and landmarks, such as the Sunset Theatre, built in 1929; the Asheboro City Cemetery, in use since 1827; and Skeen's Mill Covered Bridge, built in the 1890s. Cultural institutions include the Museum of North Carolina Traditional Pottery, the American Classic Motorcycle Museum, the Richard Petty Museum, and the North Carolina Pottery Center. The Seagrove region is a very important center of North Carolina pottery production. The county hosts festivals and annual events that include the Spring Kiln Opening in Seagrove, Festival of the Dogs in Franklinville, and Christmas parades in several towns.

Randolph County produces agricultural goods such as eggs, tobacco, corn, soybeans, hay, vegetables, fruit, and poultry. Manufactured products include furniture, dry batteries, hospital supplies, cushions and pillows, shoes, fabrics, apparel, and industrial components. The county's estimated population in 2004 was 135,800.

Additional resources:

Randolph County Government: http://www.co.randolph.nc.us/

Asheboro / Randolph County Chamber of Commerce: http://www.chamber.asheboro.com/

DigitalNC, Randolph County: http://digitalnc.org/counties/randolph-county

Image credits:

Rudersdorf, Amy. 2010. "NC County Maps." Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.

Origin - location: 

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