Mines and mineral resources

Mines and mineral resources
Bechtler Mint
by Holland, Ron. Before gold was discovered in California in 1848, North Carolina was the leading gold-producing state. Although gold was found in some abundance in North Carolina, gold coins as a medium of exchange [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Big Ore Bank
by Hairr, John. Big Ore Bank is a bed of iron ore found in eastern Lincoln County. Worked extensively in the first half of the nineteenth century, this bed was described by Denison Olmsted in 1824 as "extending from [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cabinet of Minerals
by Cross, Jerry L. The cabinet of minerals was a collection of native ores assembled in the antebellum period to illustrate their potential commercial value to the state. The original collection was completed in 1856 [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Castle McCulloch Gold Mill
by Hall, Lisa Coston. The Castle McCulloch Gold Mill is a restored gold refinery in Jamestown listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Built by Charles McCulloch, a Cornish engineer who brought the new steam [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Coal
by McArver, Charles H., Seaman, Jean H. Coal in North Carolina is limited to two belts of Triassic sediment: the sporadic Dan River belt and the larger Deep River belt, which runs along the Deep River in Lee, Moore, and Chatham Counties. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cranberry Iron Mine
by Seaman, Jean H. The Cranberry Iron Mine is located on an immense subterranean stretch of titaniferous magnetite (titanium, iron oxide) centered around Cranberry in Avery County. Said to have been used by Indians [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Endor Furnace
by Hill, Michael. Endor Furnace, a large smelting furnace near Cumnock in Lee County, provided iron to the Confederacy from 1862 to 1865 and thereafter operated periodically through the end of the nineteenth century. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Environment and Natural Resources, Department of
by Stick, David. The origins of what came to be known as the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources date as far back as 1823, when the state sponsored a geological survey. Later, state [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Fulenwider, John
by White, Emmett R. John Fulenwider, iron manufacturer, was born in Switzerland and as a young boy came to America with his father and family, who settled in Rowan County. During the American Revolution, he was a Whig [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Geology
by Vocci, Robert Blair, Templeton, Lee Plummer. North Carolina's rich geologic history and composition are as dramatic as its topography. The collisions of numerous ancient landmasses resulted in majestic mountains, with their blend of diverse [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gold Hill Mine
by Freeman, Joan E. Gold Hill Mine by Joan E. Freeman, 2006 See also: Gold Mining in the Uwharries; Gold Rush; Gold Rush, The North Carolina; Portis Gold Mine; Reed Gold Mine Gold Hill Mine is located in [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gold Mining in the Uwharries
by Robinson, Kenneth W. In the early decades of the 1800s, the southern Piedmont's gold mines attracted prospectors, investors, and miners. Tar Heel gold had first been found in 1799 on John Reed’s farm in Cabarrus County, [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Gold Rush
by Vocci, Robert Blair, Seaman, Jean H. Gold Rush by Jean H. Seaman, 2006 Additional research provided by Robert Blair Vocci. See also: Gold Hill Mine; Portis Gold Mine; Reed Gold Mine; Gold Rush, The North Carolina; Gold [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gold Rush, The North Carolina
by Lewis, Rebecca. The North Carolina Gold Rush by Rebecca Lewis Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian. Spring 2006. Tar Heel Junior Historian Association, NC Museum of History In 1799 an [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Harris, Hunter Lee
by Walser, Richard. Hunter Lee Harris, geologist and poet, was born at Sassafras Fork (Stem) in Granville County, son of Adam Clarke and Martha Hunter Harris and the youngest of six. He had two sisters and three [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Holmes, Moses L.
by Glass, Brent D. Moses L. Holmes, gold miner and merchant, was born on Big River near Flat Swamp in Rowan (now Davidson) County, the son of Jesse and Nancy Owen Holmes. His father owned a large farm and gristmill in [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Iron and Steel Industry
by Wait, Douglas A., McKaughan, Joshua. Iron and Steel Industry by Douglas A. Wait and Joshua McKaughan, 2006 See also: Big Ore Bank; Endor Furnace; Nucor Corporation; Troublesome Creek Ironworks. The search by European [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Kaolin
by Seaman, Jean H. Kaolin is a fine clay mineral used in ceramics and insulators. The Cherokee Nation was issued a patent in 1744 for the production of porcelain from a mixture of kaolin, quartz, and feldspar. In 1767 [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Menatonon
by Johnson, F. Roy. Menatonon, king of the Chowanoc Indians, was old and infirm in his limbs when Governor Ralph Lane explored the Chowan River in the spring of 1586. Both the English and the Indians regarded him as the [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Mining Part 1: Introduction
by Seaman, Jean H. A variety of minerals, gems, and rocks have been excavated in North Carolina since the precolonial era. Mining was known to the region's Indians before European settlement, and evidence of mica [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Mining Part 2: Important Minerals, Gems, and Rocks Mined in North Carolina
by Seaman, Jean H. Amethyst. Violet quartz gemstone colored by inclusions of hematite or other minerals, found in Stokes, Burke, Lincoln, Iredell, Moore, Warren, and Franklin Counties. Southeast Macon County’s [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Mining Part 3: References
by Seaman, Jean H. Mining by Jean H. Seaman, 2006 See also: Bechtler Mint; Big Ore Bank; Cabinet of Minerals; Gold Hill Mine; Gold Rush. Part 1: Introduction; Part 2: Important Minerals, Gems, and Rocks [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Ore Knob Copper Mine
by Lillard, Stewart. The Ore Knob Copper Mine in Ashe County was first conceived in the spring of 1854, when John Mason Lillard of Decatur, Meigs County, Tenn., channeled his resources into the organization of the Meigs [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Osborne, James Walker
by Adams, D. W. James Walker Osborne, lawyer, politician, and businessman, was born in Salisbury, the youngest of four children of Edwin Jay and Harriet Walker Osborne. His father, an eloquent and gifted lawyer, was [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Pearson, Robert Caldwell
by Poland, Jean Cameron. Robert Caldwell Pearson, merchant, postmaster, bank and railroad president, Democratic leader, jurist, and gold mine and flour mill owner, was born at the family plantation, Silvercreek, on Silver [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Portis Gold Mine
by Willard, George-Anne. The Portis Gold Mine, located in the northeastern corner of Franklin County, was the first mine in the Eastern Carolina Belt (composed of Warren, Halifax, Franklin, and Nash Counties) and operated [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Reed Gold Mine
by Remsburg, Robert L., III. Reed Gold Mine, located in Midland, 12 miles southeast of Concord, is the site at which the first authenticated discovery of gold in the United States occurred. In 1799 Conrad Reed, the 12-year-old [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Reed, John
by Knapp, Richard F. He landed at Long Island in 1778 or 1779 as a Hessian soldier hired by George III of England to squelch the rebellion of his American colonies. Precise data on Reed's service are lacking, but it is [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Smith, Conaro Drayton
by Powell, William S. Conaro Drayton Smith, clergyman, geologist, and author, was born in Buncombe County, the son of Samuel and Mary Jarrett Smith. The family moved in 1820 to land the elder Smith bought that year when [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Wicker, Margaret: The Glen Coal Mine Disaster
by Cecelski, David S. Margaret Wicker is probably the last surviving witness to the Coal Glen mine disaster of 1925. Her family owned a farm next to the company town of Coal Glen, in southern Chatham County. She was 7 [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
Yeates, William Smith
by Moore, James Elliott. William Smith Yeates, first state geologist of Georgia, was born at Murfreesboro, the son of Jesse Jackson, a prominent attorney and U.S. congressman, and Virginia Scott Yeates. He attended the [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
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