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Illustration of Where Rosa Parks Sat, December 1, 1955

Below is a diagram of the bus Parks rode with her name connected with a dash pointing to her seat. The diagram was used in the Supreme Court case, Aurelia S. Browder v. William A. Gayle. The 1956, ten month case stemmed from four African American women being mistreated on city buses. The case declared that segregation of public buses unconstitutional. Parks was not included in the case because Browder's lawyer, Fred Gray, did not want people to think that Browder's aids were trying to avoid Parks' prosecution by using Browder's case. Gray also wanted to have one case that would decide the segregation of public buses.


Bredhoff, Stacey, Wynell Schamel, and Lee Ann Potter. "The Arrest Records of Rosa Parks." Social Education 63, 4 (May/June 1999): 207-211.

"Browder v Gayle, 352 U.S. 903". Martin Luther King Jr Encyclopedia. Standford University: The Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute. (Accessed November 9, 2018).

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Citation (Chicago Style): 

Illustration of bus where Rosa Parks sat, December 1, 1995. Civil Case 1147 Browder, et al v. Gayle, et al; U.S. District Court for Middle District of Alabama, Northern Division Record Group 21: Records of the District Court of the United States National Archives and Records Administration-Southeast Region, East Point, GA. National Archives Identifier 596069. (Accessed November 9, 2018)

Usage Statement: 

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