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John Brown portrait

Portrait of John Brown, an abolitionist who led a failed raid on the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (now West Virginia). He had hoped to seize munitions and weapons there to start and supply an uprising of enslaved people against their enslavers. He was captured, convicted of treason, and hanged for his actions.

Photograph showing three-quarter length portrait of John Brown, with beard, facing slightly right.
Citation (Chicago Style): 

Black & Batchelder, Copyright Claimant, Black, James Wallace, and Martin M Lawrence, photographer. John Brown. , ca. 1859. December 12. Photograph.

Usage Statement: 

Public Domain

Public Domain is a copyright term that is often used when talking about copyright for creative works. Under U.S. copyright law, individual items that are in the public domain are items that are no longer protected by copyright law. This means that you do not need to request permission to re-use, re-publish or even change a copy of the item. Items enter the public domain under U.S. copyright law for a number of reasons: the original copyright may have expired; the item was created by the U.S. Federal Government or other governmental entity that views the things it creates as in the public domain; the work was never protected by copyright for some other reason related to how it was produced (for example, it was a speech that wasn't written down or recorded); or the work doesn't have enough originality to make it eligible for copyright protection.