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This article is from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina edited by William S. Powell. Copyright © 2006 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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British Cemetery

by Paul Branch, 2006

The British Cemetery of Ocracoke. Photograph courtesy of North Carolina Division of Tourism, Film, and Sports Development.The British Cemetery on Ocracoke Island is a small cemetery containing the graves of four British navy personnel killed while helping defend the North Carolina coast against German U-boats (submarines) in World War II. In March 1942, the 900-ton HMS Bedfordshire was one of 24 armed trawlers sent by Great Britain to help the U.S. Navy defend the Atlantic coast of the United States against U-boat attacks. On 11 May 1942, the Bedfordshire was torpedoed and sunk by U-558 southeast of Cape Lookout with a loss of all 37 crew members. The bodies of two crew members, Lt. Thomas Cunningham and Ordinary Telegraphist Stanley Craig, washed ashore on Ocracoke, and the Coast Guard buried them in a small cemetery plot donated by a local family. A week later, two additional Bedfordshire crew members, unidentified, washed up and were also buried in the plot.

Later fitted with permanent markers and enclosed by a white picket fence, the four graves have since become well known as the British Cemetery of Ocracoke. Currently, a bronze plaque engraved with words from Rupert Brooke rests on the fence, serving as a fitting tribute to the four men who died in war far from home:


L. VanLoan Naisawald, In Some Foreign Field: Four British Graves and Submarine Warfare on the North Carolina Outer Banks (rev. ed., 1997).

Additional Resources:

McCarten, Neala Schwartzberg. "British Cemetery at Ocracoke, North Carolina." 2005. (accessed July 6, 2012).

"The sinking of HMS Bedfordshire." February 15, 2005. (accessed July 6, 2012).

"Battle of the Atlantic Exhibition: Exploring WWII in the Graveyard of the Atlantic: HMT Bedfordshire." National Marine Sanctuaries, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. (accessed July 6, 2012).

Image Credit:

The British Cemetery of Ocracoke. Photograph courtesy of North Carolina Division of Tourism, Film, and Sports Development.



When/where/ by whom was steamboat "ED MacNair" built? Thought operated bet Tarboro & Wash, NC, carrying freight & passengers.


Dear Mr. O'Donne,

I was able to find the following information from an ECU document:

It was built in 1835.

Samuel Peabody and Jesse Wilkinson constructed the hull  for Tannehill and Lavender at John Myers yard in Washington, NC


They list the source for their information as being the following:

Bureau of Navigation 1836, 1839, 1841; New Bern Spectator; Lawrence 2003

I hope this is helpful.

Mike Millner, NC Government & Heritage Library

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