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This article is from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina edited by William S. Powell. Copyright © 2006 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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Augusta Conference

by Wiley J. Williams, 2006

In response to orders from King George III, the leaders of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia met with representatives of the southern Indians (Creek, Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Catawba) at Augusta, Ga., on 5 Nov. 1763. Present were 25 Indian chiefs and 700 warriors, 3 colonial governors, the lieutenant governor of Virginia, and John Stuart, the superintendent of Indian affairs in the Southern District. After six days of oratory, eating, drinking, and distributing presents from the king, the group signed a "Treaty of Perfect and Perpetual Peace and Friendship." The document provided for the mutual forgiveness of all past offenses and injuries; the establishment of satisfactory trade relations; the punishment, by each party, of offenders of its own race for crimes against members of the other race; and the fixing of boundaries of a reservation of about 15 square miles for the Catawba Indians.

Reference:

William S. Powell, North Carolina through Four Centuries (1989).

Additional Resources:

Minutes of the Southern Congress at Augusta, Georgia; North Carolina; Cherokee Indian Nation; Catawba Indian Nation; Et Al. October 01, 1763 - November 21, 1763, Volume 11, Pages 156-207, DocSouth, UNC: https://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.html/document/csr11-0084

The New Gerogia Encyclopedia: http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-955

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