Tobacco

Tobacco
A. C. Monk and Company
by McArver, Charles H. A. C. Monk and Company was founded in Farmville in 1907 by Albert Coy Monk. Initially, Monk and one assistant bought tobacco and shipped it in hogsheads from the Farmville railroad station. After [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Agriculture in North Carolina during the Great Depression
by Bishop, RoAnn. Agriculture in North Carolina during the Great Depression Originally published as "Difficult Days on Tar Heel Farms" by RoAnn Bishop Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
American Tobacco Company
by Carter, Robert W., Jr. American Tobacco Company by Robert W. Carter Jr., 2006 See also: W. Duke, Sons and Company; Tobacco, Brown and Williamson Tobacco Company; Bull Durham Tobacco; R. J. Reynolds Tobacco [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Blackwell, William Thomas
by Noblin, Stuart. William Thomas Blackwell, tobacco manufacturer and civic leader, was born near Woodsdale in northern Person County. His father was James Lipscomb Blackwell, his mother Eleanor Fox Buchanan. W. T., or [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Blue Mold
by Yeargin, W. W. Blue mold, a fungal disease, decreases or destroys tobacco quality. Initially it was diagnosed in 1921 in tobacco plant beds in Georgia, and by 1931 it had found its way southward to Florida and [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Brown & Williamson Tobacco Company
by Bair, Anna Withers. Brown & Williamson Tobacco Company by Anna Withers Bair, 2006 See also: Tobacco, American Tobacco Company; Bull Durham Tobacco; R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company; W. Duke Sons and [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Brown, George Thomas
by Bair, Anna Withers. George Thomas Brown, tobacco manufacturer, was born in Mocksville, the son of Rufus D. and Sarah Gibbs Brown. Rufus Brown and his brother, Dr. William Brown, had a small tobacco factory in [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Carter, Francis Graves
by Carter, Elizabeth H. After graduation from high school, Carter worked in his father's stores; this experience in selling Reynolds tobacco products, coming in contact with the salesmen for the company, first kindled his [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cobb, John Blackwell
by Powell, William S. John Blackwell Cobb, tobacconist and capitalist, was born in Caswell County, the son of Henry Wellington and Mary Howard Cobb. He was educated in private schools in his native county, and at the age [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cooper, David Young
by Blackburn, George T., II. David Young Cooper, tobacconist, industrialist, and financier, the son of Alexander Cooper and Harriet J. Young, was born in Granville County. His grandfather, James Cooper of Glasgow, Scotland, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Dalton, John Thomas
by Roberts, B. W. C. John Thomas Dalton, inventor, was born on a farm near Franklin Junction (now Gretna) in Pittsylvania County, Va. At a very early age he demonstrated an interest in mechanical devices, such as a [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Darr, Edward Austin
by Sartin, Deborah Darr. Edward Austin Darr, tobacco official, was born in Baltimore, Md., the son of William H. and Mary Coffman Darr. He was educated in the Baltimore public schools and the McDonogh School for Boys; by [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Deertongue
by Bullard, A. J. Deertongue, also called dog-tongue and vanilla plant (Trilisa odoratissima), is native to the U.S. coastal region from North Carolina to Florida. It is characterized by basal clusters of dog- or [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Ellis, Jim: Putting In Tobacco
by Cecelski, David S. I visited with Jim Ellis in Fountain, a small town 70 miles east of Raleigh. A retired tobacco farmer and country preacher, he grew up there between the two largest tobacco markets in the world, [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
Epps, Lois: Zan Epps' Daughter
by Cecelski, David S. I visited Lois Epps Jones in High Plains, an Indian community north of Roxboro, in Person County. Her great-grandfather found refuge in High Plains during the Cherokee Removal. Now she is one of the [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
Exports
by Wait, Douglas A. North Carolina has produced and transported commercial exports since its establishment as an English colony. The primary exports from the colony were products of the forest. By the 1720s naval [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Fuller, Williamson Whitehead
by Webb, Mena F. Fuller, Williamson Whitehead by Mena F. Webb, 1986 28 Aug. 1858–23 Aug. [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Granville Wilt
by Yeargin, W. W. Granville wilt is a bacterial disease that affects the tobacco plant. It was discovered in 1881 in Granville County. By 1910 it would cost tobacco farmers in North Carolina between 25 percent and 100 [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gray, Bowman, Jr.
by Tilley, Nannie M. Bowman Gray, Jr., tobacco executive, was born in Baltimore, Md., the son of Bowman and Nathalie Fontaine Lyons Gray. He attended the Reynolda School in Winston-Salem, Woodberry Forest School in [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Green, John Ruffin
by Russell, Mattie U. John Ruffin Green, tobacco manufacturer, whose pioneering efforts in the production of bright-leaf smoking tobacco helped lay the economic foundation of the city of Durham, was the second of seven [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Hogshead
by Ansley, John F. A hogshead is a large barrel used primarily to store and/or transport tightly packed, or "prized," leaf tobacco. By the mid-1700s, tradition, convenience, and statutes to discourage smuggling [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Industry Comes of Age: Tobacco, Textiles and Railroads, North Carolina 1870-1920
by Parramore, Thomas C., Watson, Harry L., Nathans, Sydney, Anderson, Jean Bradley, Clayton, Thomas H., Fenn, Elizabeth A., Wood, Peter H. By Elizabeth A. Fenn, Peter H. Wood, Harry L. Watson, Thomas H. Clayton, Sydney Nathans, Thomas C. Parramore, and Jean B. Anderson; Maps by Mark Anderson Moore. Edited by Joe A. Mobley. [...] (from The Way We Lived in North Carolina, NC Office of Archives and History and UNC Press.)
Jenkins, Ammie: Where The Cool Waters Run In Her Memory
by Cecelski, David S. I visited Ammie Jenkins in Spring Lake, in Cumberland County, 50 miles south of Raleigh. She is one of the state's most dynamic advocates for black farming and landownership. As the founder and [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
Lyon, Zachariah Inge
by Flannagan, Clara Hamlett Robertson. Zachariah Inge Lyon, one of the founders of Durham and a pioneer smoking tobacco manufacturer, was born in Granville County, the son of Zachariah T. and Nancy Lanier Lyon. He was the grandson of [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Manufacturing- Part 1: Introduction
by Hall, Lisa Coston, deTreville, John R. Manufacturing by John R. deTreville, 2006 Additional research provided by Lisa Coston Hall. See also: Manufacturing (From NC Atlas Revisited); Manufacturing Table of Contents; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Manufacturing- Part 2: Manufacturing in the Colonial and Antebellum Eras
by Hall, Lisa Coston, deTreville, John R. Manufacturing by John R. deTreville, 2006 Additional research provided by Lisa Coston Hall. See also: Manufacturing (From NC Atlas Revisited); Manufacturing Table of Contents; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Manufacturing- Part 3: Decline of Iron Production and the Effects of the Civil War
by Hall, Lisa Coston, deTreville, John R. Manufacturing by John R. deTreville, 2006 Additional research provided by Lisa Coston Hall. See also: Manufacturing (From NC Atlas Revisited); Manufacturing Table of Contents; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Manufacturing- Part 4: Postwar Struggles and the Growth of the Milling, Tobacco, and Textile Industries
by Hall, Lisa Coston, deTreville, John R. Manufacturing by John R. deTreville, 2006 Additional research provided by Lisa Coston Hall. See also: Manufacturing (From NC Atlas Revisited); Manufacturing Table of Contents; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Manufacturing- Part 5: Twentieth-Century Labor Problems, the Great Depression, and Economic Recovery
by Hall, Lisa Coston, deTreville, John R. Manufacturing by John R. deTreville, 2006 Additional research provided by Lisa Coston Hall. See also: Manufacturing (From NC Atlas Revisited); Manufacturing Table of Contents; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Manufacturing- Part 6: New Industries, Increased Competition, and Diversification in the Modern Era
by Hall, Lisa Coston, deTreville, John R. Manufacturing by John R. deTreville, 2006 Additional research provided by Lisa Coston Hall. See also: Manufacturing (From NC Atlas Revisited); Manufacturing Table of Contents; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
McElwee, John Harvey
by Keever, Homer M. John Harvey McElwee, industrialist and father of the Statesville tobacco industry, was born in York County, S.C., the son of Jonathan Newman and Martha Orr McElwee. He attended the rural schools of [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Moses, Athenia: Standing Up For The Things We Believed
by Cecelski, David S. Athenia Moses will soon be honored by the Goldsboro-Wayne County branch of the NAACP for something that she did more than half a century ago. At a banquet on Feb. 11, the NAACP will recognize her and [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
O'Brien, William Thomas
by Tilley, Nannie M. William Thomas O'Brien, machinist, was born in Lynchburg, Va., of Irish ancestry. His father was John O'Brien, a laborer, who came to the United States in 1846; his mother was Katherine McLaughlin [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Parrish, Edward James
by Beers, Burton F. Edward James Parrish, tobacco merchant and manufacturer, pioneering tobacco company executive assigned to Japan, and Durham business and civic leader, was born near Round Hill post office in Orange [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Penn, Charles Ashby
by Butler, S. Penn, Charles Ashby by Lindley, S. Butler, 1994 29 Nov. 1868–22 Oct. [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Pogue, Joseph Ezekiel, Sr.
by . Joseph Ezekiel Pogue, Sr., tobacco manufacturer and Raleigh public official, was born September 13, 1851 in Rogersville Junction, Tennessee in Jefferson County, to Reverend John Pogue, a Methodist [...] (from North Carolina State University.)
R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
by McGee, Barry. R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company began as Reynolds Industries, a small tobacco company in what is now Winston-Salem. Twenty-four-year-old Richard Joshua Reynolds moved from Virginia to [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Reynolds, Richard Joshua
by Tilley, Nannie M. Richard Joshua Reynolds, founder of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, was born in the shadow of Nobusiness Mountain, Patrick County, Va. His father was Hardin William Reynolds, a manufacturer of [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Royster, Fred Stovall
by Massengill, Stephen E. Fred Stovall Royster, tobacco warehouseman, legislator, and tobacco industry promoter, was born in the community of Dabney in western Vance County. His parents were John Stovall (24 May 1869–23 Oct. [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Scales, Hamilton
by Mylan, Linda. Hamilton Scales, tobacco manufacturer and warehouseman, was the son of James and his second wife, Elizabeth Deatherage Scales. Young Scales's mother died in 1824, and thirteen years later his father [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Scott, James Edwin
by Willis, F. Craig. James Edwin Scott, merchant and tobacco manufacturer, was born in Alamance County, the son of Robert W. Scott. He attended the Bingham School when it was under the direction of Major Robert Bingham [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Snow, William Henry
by Mcpherson, Holt. William Henry Snow, lumberman and furniture manufacturer, was born at Montpelier, Washington County, Vt., the son of William and Emily Haynes Snow. His father, a farmer and stock raiser, disappeared [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Task System
by Williams, Wiley J. The task system, in which workers were paid not by the hours they worked but by the number and quality of specific tasks they performed, was common in the industrial economy of late [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Thomas, James Augustus
by Burns, Augustus Merrimon, III. James Augustus Thomas, tobacco merchant, benefactor, and Asian specialist, was born in Lawsonville, Rockingham County. His grandfather and his father, Henry Evans Thomas, were both tobacco men; his [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Tobacco Auctions
by Yeargin, W. W. Tobacco Auctions by W. W. Yeargin, 2006 See Also: Tobacco, American Tobacco Company; Brown and Williamson Tobacco Company; Bull Durham Tobacco; R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company; W. Duke Sons and [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Tobacco Barrels: Hogsheads
by Holcomb, Alison. Tobacco Barrels: Hogsheads "Analyzing an Artifact: What in the World is a Hogshead?" by Alison Holcomb Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian. Spring 2009. Tar Heel [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Tobacco Belts
by Yeargin, W. W. Tobacco Belts by W. W. Yeargin, 2006 See also: Tobacco, American Tobacco Company; Brown and Williamson Tobacco Company; Bull Durham Tobacco; R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company; W. Duke Sons and [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Tobacco Industry, Inventions in the
by Roberts, Ben. Before the Civil War, North Carolina was mostly an agricultural society with a large portion of its population living and working on farms. One of the main crops grown was tobacco, which was shipped [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Tobacco- Part 1: Introduction
by Williams, Wiley J., Yeargin, W. W. Tobacco by W. W. Yeargin, 2006 Additional research provided by Wiley J. Williams. See also: American Tobacco Company; Brown and Williamson Tobacco Company; Bull Durham Tobacco; R. J. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Tobacco- Part 2: Development and Growth of the North Carolina Tobacco Industry
by Yeargin, W. W. Tobacco by W. W. Yeargin, 2006 Additional research provided by Wiley J. Williams. See also: American Tobacco Company; Brown and Williamson Tobacco Company; Bull Durham Tobacco; R. J. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Tobacco- Part 3: The Rise of "Big Tobacco"
by Yeargin, W. W. Tobacco- Part 1: Introduction; Tobacco- Part 2: Development and Growth of the North Carolina Tobacco Industry; Tobacco- Part 3: The Rise of "Big Tobacco"; Tobacco- Part 4: Legal Challenges and the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Tobacco- Part 4: Legal Challenges and the Decline of the Industry
by Yeargin, W. W. Tobacco- Part 1: Introduction; Tobacco- Part 2: Development and Growth of the North Carolina Tobacco Industry; Tobacco- Part 3: The Rise of "Big Tobacco"; Tobacco- Part 4: Legal Challenges and the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Tobacco- Part 5: References
by Yeargin, W. W. Tobacco by W. W. Yeargin, 2006 Additional research provided by Wiley J. Williams. See also: American Tobacco Company; Brown and Williamson Tobacco Company; Bull Durham Tobacco; R. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
United States v. American Tobacco Company
by Hunt, James L. United States v. American Tobacco Company was a 1911 U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Court found that a large number of persons and corporations-including North Carolinians James Buchanan Duke, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Urban Magnet: Towns and Cities in North Carolina, 1870-1920
by Parramore, Thomas C., Watson, Harry L., Nathans, Sydney, Anderson, Jean Bradley, Clayton, Thomas H., Fenn, Elizabeth A., Wood, Peter H. By Elizabeth A. Fenn, Peter H. Wood, Harry L. Watson, Thomas H. Clayton, Sydney Nathans, Thomas C. Parramore, and Jean B. Anderson; Maps by Mark Anderson Moore. Edited by Joe A. Mobley. [...] (from The Way We Lived in North Carolina, NC Office of Archives and History and UNC Press.)
W. Duke, Sons and Company
by Durden, Robert F. Washington Duke returned to his small farm in what was then Orange County as a penniless Confederate veteran in the early summer of 1865. Aided by his three children still at home-Mary E., Benjamin [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Watts, George Washington
by Magruder, Nathaniel F. George Washington Watts, industrialist and philanthropist, was born in Cumberland, Md., the son of Gerard S. and Annie Wolvington Watts. In 1858 the family moved from Cumberland to Baltimore, where [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Whitaker, John Clarke
by Nance, Lara Jane. John Clarke Whitaker, businessman and community leader, was born in Salem, the son of William A. and Anna Bitting Whitaker. His father served as a major in the Confederate army and later operated a [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Williams, Samuel Clay
by Bair, Anna Withers. Williams, Samuel Clay by Anna Withers Bair, 1996 24 Sept. 1884–25 Feb. 1949 Samuel Clay Williams, lawyer and tobacco magnate, was born in Mooresville, the son of Thomas Jefferson and Willie [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Williamson, Robert Lynn
by Bair, Anna Withers. Robert Lynn Williamson, tobacco manufacturer and agriculturist, was born at Sunnyside, the family plantation in the Locust Hill section of Caswell County. He was the oldest son of Thomas Farish, a [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Williamson, Thomas Farish
by Bair, Anna Withers. Thomas Farish Williamson, early tobacco manufacturer, planter, and church leader, was born at the family plantation, Poplar Grove, in the Stoney Creek Township of Caswell County, the second son of [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Wright, Richard Harvey
by Powell, William S. Richard Harvey Wright, industrialist, was born in Franklin County, the son of Thomas Davenport and Elizabeth Glover Harris Wright. His grandfather, Griffin Wright, was a native of England. As a youth [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
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