To give you a sense of the diversity of twenty-first century North Carolina, we've provided two lists of languages below.
- The first is from the U.S. Census of 2000, and it shows the number of people aged 5 and over who spoke various languages at home -- that is, as a first or native language.
- The second is from the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction; this table shows the number of students in North Carolina schools who spoke various languages at home in 2005.
Finally, for a historical perspective, we've provided similar data from antebellum North Carolina.
|Language||Number of speakers|
|5 years and over||7513165|
|Speak only English||6909648|
|Speak other language||603517|
|Spanish or Spanish Creole||378942|
|Other Indo-European languages||119961|
|French (incl.Patois, Cajun)||33201|
|Portuguese or Portuguese Creole||3171|
|Other West Germanic languages||2541|
|Other Slavic languages||2639|
|Other Indic languages||4834|
|Other Indo-European languages||2117|
|Asian and Pacific Island languages||78246|
|Other Asian languages||5178|
|Other Pacific Island languages||2080|
|Other Native North American languages||2093|
|Other and unspecified languages||1677|
A historical comparison
For some perspective, compare the list above to this list of countries of origin of people living in North Carolina in 1850. (You may remember it from our look at antebellum migration.)