President Lincoln had hoped for “malice toward none… charity for all,” but after his death, northern Republicans were not inclined to forgive and forget. They quickly abolished slavery, but President Andrew Johnson seemed content to let conservative white rule pick up where it had left off. Congress enacted military reconstruction, in which the United States Army would occupy former Confederate states until they had met new requirements for readmission to the Union — including ratifying amendments to the Constitution that gave blacks equal citizenship and voting rights.
In this chapter we’ll analyze Southern whites’ attempts to regain control after the war, the North’s policies of Reconstruction, and the struggles of African Americans for their civil rights.
- Timeline of Reconstruction in North Carolina
- Reconstruction in North Carolina
- Johnson's Amnesty Proclamation
- Amnesty Letters
- Black Codes, 1866
- Catherine Edmondston and Reconstruction
- Amending the U.S. Constitution
- African Americans Get the Vote in Eastern North Carolina
- Military Reconstruction
- The 1868 Constitution
- John Adams Hyman