- Union troops win the Battle of New Bern in March. Thousands African Americans seek freedom behind Union lines in New Bern.
- Vincent Colyer sets up night schools for freed people.
- Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation.
- Recruitment of African American soldiers begins.
- Abraham Galloway and four others visit Abraham Lincoln.
- The Thirteenth Amendment, which abolishes slavery in the United States, is approved in January and ratified in December. Congress establishes the Freedmen's Bureau in March.
- The Civil War effectively ends with Lee’s surrender at Appomattox on April 9.
- President Lincoln is assassinated on April 15. Vice President Andrew Johnson becomes president.
- President Johnson presents plans for Reconstruction.
- Freedmen’s Convention takes place in Raleigh on September 29.
- North Carolina holds a constitutional convention on October 2.
- Congress refuses to readmit North Carolina in December.
- States enact Black Codes.
- The Ku Klux Klan is created in Tennessee.
- Congress approves the Fourteenth Amendment.
- North Carolina refuses to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment.
- Radical Republicans gain control in Congress.
- Congress expands the Freedmen's Bureau’s responsibilities and powers.
- The Reconstruction Acts are passed over Johnson's veto, initiating Congressional Reconstruction.
- The Union League and Abraham Lincoln League become active recruiting black voters in Craven County.
- The Fourteenth Amendment is ratified, entitling all persons born or naturalized in the United States to citizenship and equal protection under the laws of the United States.
- North Carolina is readmitted to the Union.
- Andrew Johnson is impeached by Congress, but is acquitted by one vote.
- Former Union General Ulysses S. Grant becomes president.
- The Freedman’s Bureau leaves North Carolina.
- Hiram Revels of Mississippi (born in Fayetteville, North Carolina) is the first African American elected to the United States Senate.
- The Fifteenth Amendment is ratified, granting the right to vote to all male citizens regardless of color or previous condition of servitude.
- Three African American representatives from Craven County are elected to the General Assembly.
- Conservative government is reestablished in North Carolina, "redeeming" the state.
- Governor William Holden publishes a list of crimes committed by the Ku Klux Klan.
- Act to Enforce Fourteenth Amendment (Ku Klux Klan Act) is passed in Congress.
- Democrat Zebulon Vance is elected Governor of North Carolina.
- The last federal troops leave South Carolina, effectively ending the Federal government's presence in the South.
Exhibit Text, Claiming Citizenship: Political Activism,Days of Jubilee,Tryon Palace, New Bern, N.C.