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This article is from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, 6 volumes, edited by William S. Powell. Copyright ©1979-1996 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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Newbold, Nathan Carter

by A. M. Burns III, 1991

27 Dec. 1871–23 Dec. 1957

Nathan Carter Newbold, educator, public servant, and longtime director of the Division of Negro Education in North Carolina, was born in Pasquotank County, near Elizabeth City, and lived his entire life—except for periods of educational residence—in the state. His parents, both members of old-line North Carolina families, were William and Sarah Trueblood Newbold. His paternal grandfather, William Newbold, was for many years sheriff of Pasquotank County. Young Newbold attended elementary school in Pasquotank and Perquimans counties and received his high school education at Bethel Hill Institute in Person County. He was graduated from Trinity College (now Duke University) in 1895.

At Trinity, Newbold determined to become an educator. After graduation he served as principal of Leasburg Academy, near Semora, and then as coprincipal of La Grange High School, near Kinston. He next became, in succession, superintendent of schools in Asheboro, Roxboro, and Washington, N.C. At intervals during this period Newbold pursued graduate work at a variety of institutions, beginning with The University of North Carolina. Subsequently, he studied at the University of Tennessee, Columbia, and Harvard.

But it was as an administrator, and not as a scholar, that Newbold made his greatest contribution. In 1913 he moved from Washington to Raleigh to become North Carolina's first state agent for Negro schools, a position created by funds from the General Education Board. In this capacity, Newbold undertook the delicate task of enlarging educational opportunities for North Carolina blacks at a time when such opportunities were almost nonexistent. In 1920, following a state educational survey, he outlined to the State Board of Education a plan to create an entire Division of Negro Education. The plan was approved, funds—$15,000—were appropriated by the General Assembly, and Newbold was named division director, serving for thirty-seven years. Under his leadership, Negro education in North Carolina experienced remarkable growth in the 1920s, and the idea of publicly supported black schools became more widely accepted. Newbold also worked closely with philanthropic organizations to expand educational opportunities for blacks; as a result of his efforts, funds from the General Education Board, as well as from the Slator, Rosenwald, and Jeanes funds, were utilized efficiently and effectively.

Working quietly and avoiding controversy insofar as possible, Newbold acquired a reputation as an effective advocate of black education. As time went on, especially in the years after World War II, he received considerable criticism from various groups and individuals who were dissatisfied with the racial climate in North Carolina. Yet he never permitted criticism from any source to deter him from his goal: the expansion of black educational opportunities within the structure of a separate but equal state racial philosophy. Newbold continued to serve as director of the Division of Negro Education until his retirement in 1950 at age seventy-nine.

He also participated in other path-breaking interracial endeavors. A founding member of the North Carolina Commission for Interracial Cooperation, he was long active in the work of that organization. He also served as director of the Division of Cooperation in Education and Race Relations, a project sponsored by the State Department of Public Instruction, Duke University, and The University of North Carolina. The purpose of this united effort was to disseminate information about African American life and history, stressing the positive achievements of southern blacks. Books were purchased for university libraries, courses in African American life were taught in various colleges and universities, and a number of similar programs were initiated.

Newbold held membership in numerous professional organizations, commissions, and advisory boards. He was an honorary member of Phi Beta Kappa and Omicron Delta Kappa fraternities, a life member of the North Carolina Education Association and the National Education Association, a trustee of Payne College, Augusta, Ga., and a member of the State Textbook Commission. A lifelong Democrat, he participated in President Harry S Truman's White House Conference on Child Health and Protection. He also served on a number of boards of Negro colleges as adviser.

A devout churchman, Newbold was a member of the Commission on Cooperation and Council for the Methodist Episcopal church and was long active in the affairs of his home church, Edenton Street Methodist Church in Raleigh. On 2 Mar. 1905 he married Eugenia Lou Bradsher of Roxboro. The couple had four sons: William Bradsher, Nathan Carter, Jr., Arch Bradsher, and James Satterfield. Newbold died four days before his eightysixth birthday and was buried in Burchwood Cemetery, Roxboro.

References:

Asheville Citizen, 24 Dec. 1957.

Papers of the Director, Division of Negro Education, Department of Public Instruction, 1921–50 (North Carolina State Archives, Raleigh).

Raleigh News and Observer, 10 July 1950, 24 Dec. 1957.

Trinity Alumni Register 10 (April 1924).

Additional Resources:

Malone, B.(2013). Divine Discontent: Nathan Carter Newbold, White Liberals, Black Education, and the Making of the Jim Crow South. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://scholarcommons.sc.edu/etd/1465 (accessed October 1, 2014).

North Carolina. Governor's Commission for the Study of Problems in the Education of Negroes in North Carolina; Newbold, N. C. (Nathan Carter). Report of the Governor's Commission for the Study of Problems in the Education of Negroes in North Carolina. Raleigh, N.C. : State Superintendent of Public Instruction. 1935. https://archive.org/details/reportofgovernor1935nort (accessed October 1, 2014).

Thuesen, Sarah Caroline. 2013. Greater than equal African American struggles for schools and citizenship in North Carolina, 1919-1965. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.  http://books.google.com/books?id=SV8DAAAAQBAJ&pg=PA26&lpg=PA26&dq=nathan+carter+newbold (accessed October 1, 2014).  [Excerpt from Google Books with photograph of Nathan Carter Newbold.]

Leloudis, James L. 1996. Schooling the New South: pedagogy, self, and society in North Carolina, 1880-1920. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 

Reports and correspondence by N.C. Newbold, from North Carolina Digital Collections http://digital.ncdcr.gov/cdm/search/searchterm/department of negro education!newbold%2C (accessed October 1, 2014).

Comments

Did he have a younger sister named Helen Newbold? She married Aurther Morris Cross and moved to Tennessee where she had 3 daughters: Helen Reeder Cross Broadhead, Sarah Frances Cross Vail and Enola Newbold Cross Tobi.

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