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This article is from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina edited by William S. Powell. Copyright © 2006 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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American Legion

by Tom Belton, 2006

See also: Veterans' Groups

The American Legion maintains an important presence in North Carolina, a state that is home to several large military Henry Stevens, Jr. American Legion Commander 1931-32. Image courtesyof the NC Office of Archives & History. bases and thousands of active and retired soldiers. The U.S. Congress officially granted a national charter for the American Legion on 16 Sept. 1919, although the organization had already begun operations before that time. The first national convention was held in Minneapolis, Minn., later that year. Since then, the American Legion has pushed for increased and improved care for disabled and sick veterans and was a major force in the establishment of government-funded hospitals to care for veterans. The legion also played a role in the creation of the Veterans Administration in 1930, of the Department of Veterans Affairs in 1989, and in the passing of the original GI Bill of Rights for veterans of World War II and subsequent wars.

North Carolina's first American Legion Post was established in Raleigh on 20 July 1919 and was designated Raleigh Post, No. 1. Thereafter, there was a proliferation of posts in North Carolina. The first North Carolina American Legion state convention was held in Raleigh on 20 Oct. 1919. The first women's auxiliary post was chartered in Winston-Salem in 1920, and others quickly followed. In keeping with period social codes, posts for African American legionnaires were originally formed separately from ones for white legionnaires. The first post for blacks in North Carolina was Post No. 4 in Wilmington, and Post No. 124 in Pembroke in Robeson County was composed of Native Americans.

By 1929 North Carolina had 101 active white posts and 16 black posts. Total membership in 1929 was 12,001, with 682 of these being African American members. Henry L. Stevens Jr., from Post 109 in Warsaw, served as the American Legion national commander in 1931-32. A fiftieth-anniversary convention for the North Carolina American Legion was held in Winston-Salem in June 1969, with Governor Robert W. Scott as one of the principal speakers. That year approximately 25,000 of the 40,000 members in North Carolina attended the convention. An evening banquet and dance was held at the Robert E. Lee Hotel in Winston-Salem.

The American Legion in North Carolina is currently divided into five divisions, with each of these subdivided into five districts. By the early 2000s there were approximately 40,000 legionnaires in 200 posts across North Carolina. Ray G. Smith from Post 109 in Benson was elected national commander for the years 2000-01. Many prominent North Carolinians, such as Governor R. Gregg Cherry, Governor Luther H. Hodges, Senator Samuel J. Ervin Jr., State Treasurer Edwin M. Gill, U.S. Representative Lawrence H. Fountain, and others, have been proud members of the American Legion.

Additional History of North Carolina's American Legion

Contributed by the N.C. Government & Heritage Library

In 2013, the American Legion Department of North Carolina elected its first Woman and first African American State Commander. On June 15, 2013, Patricia A.Harris became the state's first female and African American State Commander. She was the second African American woman to hold the post nationally. Ms. Harris is the 98th Department Commander in North Carolina and also the first woman of color to serve as a National Officer. She is also past Commander of the NC State Veterans Council. Ms. Harris is from Raleigh.

Currently, James W. Oxford, a native of Lenoir, North Carolina, is serving as National Commander of the American Legion. Oxford was a past state commander of the North Carolina American Legion from 2010 to 2011 and is the third national commander from North Carolina.


A. L. Fletcher, History of the American Legion and American Legion Auxiliary: Department of North Carolina, 1919-1929 (1930).

Wendy Hower, "Doug Tyson's Duty," Raleigh News and Observer (28 May 2000).

Thomas A. Rumer, The American Legion: An Official History, 1919-1989 (1990).

Additional Resources:

American Legion:

The American Legion Department of North Carolina:

Image Credit:

Henry Stevens, Jr. American Legion Commander 1931-32. Image courtesy of the NC Office of Archives & History. Available from (accessed September 21, 2012).




On June 15, 2013, Department of North Carolina American Legion, after 95 years elected the state's first Woman and first African American State Commander. She became the second African American woman State Commander nationally in the American Legion history so far. Her name is Patricia A Harris from Apex Post 124. Patricia is the 98th Department Commander in North Carolina and she's from Raleigh.


Dear Patricia,

Thank you for taking the time to share this history with us.  Your contribution will stay with this American Legion entry so that future readers will see this additional information. We are always grateful when our visitors take the time the time to contribute their knowledge to our publications.

Thanks very much and best wishes,

Kelly Agan, NCpedia Staff


I am in fact the First Woman and African American to be elected as the Department Commander for the American Legion of North Carolina (2013-2014) and second Nationally, currently the first woman and of color again elected to serve (2017- present) as a National Officer,( Alternate National Executive Committeeman ) American Legion (NC).
Our Department Headquarters is aware of this and can be reached at 919-832-7506 or our Department Adjutant Tierian (Randy) Cash.
North Carolina American Legion now is proud to have our third National Commander of the American Legion , William (Bill) Oxford of Lenoir, NC ,currently, because of the COVID-19 pandemic, he is serving two years.
What evidence/verifiable information is necessary for this to be verified by ncpedia standards? We need this to be clear and we thank you so much for your assistance.


Dear Ms. Harris,

Thank you for visiting NCpedia and for sharing this information with us! Unfortunately, we are not allowed to edit this article without permission from the publisher first. I am forwarding your inquiry to our library's NCpedia staff to let them know about your request to update this article. A member of our staff should be in touch with you via e-mail soon. If you ever come across other information that you feel needs to be updated, please feel free to contact our NCpedia staff directly through the contact form on this page: Thank you!

Best wishes,

Taylor Thompson, Government & Heritage Library

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