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This article is from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, 6 volumes, edited by William S. Powell. Copyright ©1979-1996 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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Stephenson, Gilbert Thomas

by T. Harry Gatton, 1994

17 Dec. 1884–9 June 1972

Gilbert Thomas Stephenson, lawyer, banker, author, educator, and farmer, was born at Warren Place near Pendleton, Northampton County, the only child of Susan Anna Fleetwood and James Henry Stephenson. His forebears were large plantation owners in the community. He was graduated from Severn High School in 1899 and at age fourteen entered Wake Forest College, where he earned an A.B. degree in 1902 and an M.A. degree in 1904. From Harvard University he received an M.A. degree in 1906 and an LL.B. degree in 1910. Wake Forest, on whose board of trustees he served for twenty-one years, three years as president of the board, awarded him an honorary doctor of civil law degree in 1955.

Admitted to the bar in 1910, Stephenson began the practice of law in Winston-Salem. He was city solicitor, judge of the municipal court, and chairman of the Forsyth County Democratic Executive Committee. During World War I he was chairman of the state war bond campaign.

Turning to banking as a career in 1919, he joined Wachovia Bank and Trust Company in Winston-Salem as secretary, then rose to assistant trust officer and associate trust officer; he was a director of the bank from 1922 to 1929. In 1922 he was transferred to Raleigh to head the bank's new office. In 1929 he was named vice-president in charge of the trust department of Equitable Trust Company in Wilmington, Del., where he lived until his retirement in 1950. From 1937 to 1950 he devoted full time to trust scholarship as director of the trust research department of the Stonier Graduate School of Banking of the American Bankers Association and also served as a faculty member of Stonier and other banking schools. He was president of the trust division of the American Bankers Association in 1930 and 1931.

Upon returning to Warren Place in 1950, Stephenson continued to write and lecture on trust subjects and was a director of Planters National Bank in Rocky Mount and of Virginia National Bank in Boykins, Va. He spent much of his retirement in farming, managing the total plantation land of 4,341 acres. Continuing his strong interest in church and civic affairs, he helped to establish the Roanoke-Chowan Foundation and was active in the Robert Chapel Baptist Church. In Winston-Salem, Raleigh, and Wilmington, he had participated fully in the church and civic life. In Wilmington he was president of the Rotary Club. Active in the North Carolina Bankers Association and its trust programs, he also was involved in establishing the trust program at Campbell College, where the trust library was named in his honor and his portrait was hung.

A prolific writer, Stephenson was the author of twenty-five books, principally on trusts, including Estates and Trusts. He and his wife wrote about their life and retirement in We Came Home to Warren Place. His extensive research, writing, and lecturing and his pioneer work in trust education earned for him the national honorary title of Dean of Trust Business.

On 19 Dec. 1912 he married Grace Morris White. They had two sons, Thomas Wilson of Wilmington, Del., and James Henry of Baltimore, five grandchildren, and six great-grandchildren. Following several months of critical illness, he died at age eighty-seven at Warren Place and was buried on the plantation in the family cemetery. Campbell University and the North Carolina Bankers Association have photographs of Stephenson.


Campbell College, Prospect, June 1972.

T. Harry Gatton, personal contact with Stephenson and his family.

Raleigh News and Observer, 10 June 1972.

Mary C. Smith (Washington, D.C., a former secretary of Stephenson), personal contact.

Gilbert T. Stephenson, We Came Home to Warren Place (1958).

Tarheel Banker, June, July 1972.

Who Was Who in America, vol. 5 (1973).

Additional Resources:

Harris, Bernice Kelly. 1913. Bernice Kelly Harris Papers, 1913-1973, 1996-1997.,Bernice_Kelly.html (accessed August 5, 2014).

Johnson, Gerald W. 1886. Gerald White Johnson Papers, 1886-1989. (accessed August 5, 2014).

Poe, Clarence Hamilton. 1914. Rural land segregation between whites and negroes: a reply to Mr. Stephenson. Durham, N.C.: South Atlantic Quarterly. (accessed August 1, 2014).

Stephenson, Gilbert Thomas. 1952. Drafting wills and trust agreements: administrative provisions. Boston: Little Brown. (accessed August 1, 2014).

Stephenson, Gilbert Thomas. 1955. Drafting wills and trust agreements: dispositive provisions. Boston: Little Brown. (accessed August 1, 2014).

Stephenson, Gilbert Thomas. 1884. Gilbert Thomas Stephenson Papers, 1884-1972. (accessed August 1, 2014).

Stephenson, Gilbert Thomas. 1918. "Judge Stephenson's address on war savings." In The Training School Quarterly. Greenville, N.C: East Carolina Teachers Training School. (accessed August 1, 2014).

Stephenson, Gilbert Thomas. 1937. Living trusts, including life insurance trusts. New York: F.S. Crofts & Co. (accessed August 1, 2014).

Stephenson, Gilbert Thomas. 1910. Race distinctions in American Law. New York: D. Appleton and Co. (accessed August 1, 2014).

Stephenson, Gilbert Thomas. 1930. The life story of a trust man; being that of Francis Henry Fries, president of The Wachovia Bank and Trust Company, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, since Feburary 16, 1893. (accessed August 1, 2014).

Stephenson, Gilbert T. 1925. The pastor beloved: an appreciation of Dr. Henry Alfred Brown. Nashville, Tenn: Sunday School Board of the Southern Baptist Convention. (accessed August 5, 2014).

Stephenson, Gilbert Thomas, American Bankers Asssocation, and Research Council. 1940. Trust in business in common law countries, no. 5. New York: American Bankers Assocation, Research Council. (accessed August 5, 2014).