Historically Black Colleges and Universities: Marching to the beat of Freedom
By Sarajanee Davis, N.C. Government & Heritage Library, 2019
It stands for Historically Black College and University. They are schools that opened to teach African American students beginningin the 1800s. In the 1800s most colleges and universities HBCUs started as schools where students learned a trade or trained to be teachers. These schools also played an important role in the fight for racial justice.
In total, there are 107 HBCU’s in the United States. North Carolina has been home to 12 HBCUs, and 11 are still open today. Shaw University in Raleigh is the oldest in the South. HBCUs in North Carolina are well-known for their contributions to social justice movements. Students from Bennett College and North Carolina A&T in Greensboro launched the sit-in movement at the Greensboro Woolworth lunch counter in 1960. This movement helped bring an end to racial segregation at lunch counters. Many HBCU students also participated in the Civil Rights and Black Power movements. They partnered with students from nearby Black high schools tolaunch local protests. Their protests helped make North Carolina more equal for all people.
HBCUs continue to help African Americans today. One way is through music, especially with their marching bands. Marching bands entertain and show the value of hard work. Fayetteville State University’s band, “The Marching Bronco Express" works with younger musicians. And their performances bring people together.
What issues do you think are important to students today? What instrument would you want to play in a marching band?
Click on the images below for NCpedia articles on North Carolina's HBCUs
No author listed. “Bennett’s Sit-in Story.” Bennett College Journalism & Media Studies Department. https://bennettsitinstory.weebly.com/ (Accessed November 22, 2019).
“HBCU Listing.” The Hundred-Seven. http://www.thehundred-seven.org/hbculist.html (Accessed November 22, 2019).
Kendi, Ibram. The Black Campus Movement: Black Students and the Racial Reconstitution of Higher Education, 1965-1972 (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012).
Lovett, Bobby. America’s Historically Black Colleges and Universities: A Narrative History, 1837-2009 (Macon: Mercer University Press, 2015).
Alston, Christine and Agan, Kelly. “North Carolina Historically Black Colleges and Universities Timeline.” NC Pedia. 2016 https://www.ncpedia.org/North-Carolina-HBCUs-timeline.
No author. “North Carolina’s Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs).” NC Pedia. https://www.ncpedia.org/education/hbcu
Shaw University: The First Historically Black University in the South: https://docsouth.unc.edu/highlights/shaw.html.
Sit In Movement Resources. International Civil Rights Center & Museum. https://www.sitinmovement.org
Images of North Carolina HBCU Marching Bands:
“Bennett Bells and NCA&T Aggies walk the picket lines together.” Photograph. Bennett College Journalism & Media Studies Department https://bennettsitinstory.weebly.com/ (Accessed November 22, 2019).
“Estey Hall, Shaw University, Raleigh, NC c. 1873.” Photograph. From the General Negative Collection, North Carolina State Archives, call #N.68.10.44.
“The Fayetteville State Marching Bronco Express.” Photograph. The Undefeated. https://andscape.com/features/fayetteville-states-marching-bronco-xpress-finds-strength-in-adversity/
Fayetteville State University. The Fayettevillian. 1980. https://lib.digitalnc.org/record/28752?ln=en#?c=0&m=0&s=0&cv=124&r=0&xyw...
3 January 2020 | Davis, Sarajanee