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Dunn, John Ross

by Carole Watterson Troxler, 1986

d. 1783

John Ross Dunn, Salisbury lawyer and founder, was born in Ireland. According to Archibald D. Murphey, he studied to be a Roman Catholic priest but "left Ireland suddenly in consequence of some fracas" and boarded a privateer for America when he was about twenty years old. He married Mary Reid and settled on Reid's Creek, a tributary of the Yadkin River, where he worked for a time as shoemaker and schoolteacher. They had two daughters and at least one son. Susan Dunn married Lewis Beard, a son of John Lewis Beard, and the other daughter married a Mr. Fisher. Later Dunn married Betsy Howard and Frances Petty.

Apparently Dunn began his legal career as deputy clerk of the Anson County court. When Rowan was formed from Anson in 1753, he became clerk of the Rowan County court. He was licensed to practice law in 1755 and eventually served as Crown attorney. In 1754 he was one of the two commissioners who marked the lots and streets for the new town of Salisbury. Dunn's land purchases reflect the growth of the town and of his law practice. First he attended to building a plantation base between 1758 and 1762, buying over twelve hundred acres on the middle fork of Crane Creek, a few miles from Salisbury. At this time he owned only two lots in Salisbury, but between 1770 and 1772 he bought six and one-half additional town lots. His militia record paralleled his economic and professional advancement. Dunn was adjutant in the Rowan County militia during the mid-1750s. He was a commissioner to deal with the Cherokees in 1757, and as a militia major he supplied wagons for the expedition against them in 1759–60. During the Regulator upheavals Dunn was the commanding colonel of Rowan County militia, which assisted in the defense of the Hillsborough court; he also served on the committee of officials who met with the Regulators.

Dunn represented Rowan County in the colonial Assembly in 1762 and Salisbury during 1769–71. In the latter Assembly he was a member of the committee on public claims, serving for a time as chairman. He introduced a bill for the collection of back taxes in the wake of the Regulator crisis and another for building a jail in Salisbury. Both became law. With other men from the area he was entrusted with several responsibilities under the Assembly's surveillance: to contract for building courthouses for the new counties of Guilford and Surry and for surveying their lines, for building a new Rowan courthouse, and for building a road from the frontier to Campbellton. The commissioners did not accomplish the two latter tasks.

In the years before the American Revolution Dunn figured in a controversy over the established church. An Anglican, he is said to have been responsible for bringing the Reverend Theodorus Swaine Drage to organize the established church in Rowan County. The minister started a chapel in the Jersey settlement, but in 1769 dissenters captured the vestry election and their new vestry withheld the Anglican's salary. Their action forced Drage to leave the county in 1773. During this time, Dunn was a conspicuous Anglican. Drage held services in Dunn's commodious Salisbury house, which was noted for its Christmas greenery.

In 1774 and 1775 Dunn and a wealthy English lawyer in Salisbury, Benjamin Booth Boote, came under attack by the Rowan Committee of Safety. It has been suggested that the attack was part of an attempt by a new lawyer, William Kennon, recently arrived from Wilmington, to force out the established ones. Their first brush with the Committee of Safety came as a result of a declaration bearing their names. About two years later Dunn explained the origin of the declaration. He said it had originated in late August or early September 1774 when a magistrate showed Dunn and Boote a newspaper account of a New York resolution condemning Bostonian action against the authority of Parliament. The magistrate persuaded Boote to draft a declaration of allegiance to king and Parliament. Four men signed it, and they agreed not to offer it to anyone else. The declaration got out, however, and Waightstill Avery read it to a Presbyterian congregation in Mecklenburg County. Thus it was general knowledge by the time Dunn attended the September court in Mecklenburg County.

On 23 September the Rowan Committee of Safety, with Kennon as chairman, condemned the declaration and had it displayed on the gallows and whipping post. The safety committee referred to the document as a "Protest," for its statement of allegiance to king and Parliament challenged the committee's resolution made at its first recorded meeting on 8 August; in it the committee had vowed its allegiance to the king alone and had accused Parliament of usurping the rights of the colonial assemblies. In his later description of the declaration, Dunn clearly implied that he and Boote had been unaware of the committee's resolution. It is conceivable that Dunn was telling the truth, for the committee did not meet again until 23 September, when they condemned the "Protest."

Although Dunn refused to participate in revolutionary elections and committees, there are indications that he used his influence to oppose Kennon's leadership and tried to curb his forwardness as the latter's star rose with the events of 1775. The Captain Jack episode publicly displayed the weakness of the conservative position and provided enough revolutionary momentum for Kennon to rid Salisbury of Dunn and Boote, its leading conservative spokesmen. While Captain James Jack was in Salisbury on his way from Charlotte to Philadelphia, Kennon had the Mecklenburg Resolves read from the courthouse. Dunn and Boote denounced the Resolves as treasonous and called for Jack's confinement, but the horseman rode away.

Soon afterwards a party of armed men from Mecklenburg County went into Rowan to seize Dunn and Boote. They acted in concert with Kennon and a few others who arranged with subterfuge to remove Dunn and Boote from Salisbury for the rendezvous with the men from Mecklenburg. The legality of the abduction was challenged by several prominent Salisbury revolutionaries. After a long debate, the Rowan Committee of Safety recorded the incident as an unofficial act not to be taken as precedent. The 1775 Provincial Congress, of which Kennon was a member, went on record as deploring the action (abduction without a hearing) as a general rule but approved it in the particular case.

The two lawyers were taken to Charles Town and were kept there for over a year. The South Carolina Provincial Congress had not requested their presence and did not know what to do with them. The congress paid part of their maintenance expenses on the promise of reimbursement from North Carolina and paroled the men within Charles Town. Enjoying his relative freedom, Dunn became intoxicated and spoke too loosely, for which he was reprimanded by the congress. Dunn and Boote returned to Salisbury early in September 1776. The North Carolina Council of Safety, meeting there, paroled Dunn to Salisbury and required £1000 bond from him but admitted Boote into citizenship on his taking the state oath.

Both lawyers accommodated themselves to the Revolution, but only Dunn's accommodation was permanent. In August 1777, two years after their removal, they were allowed to return to the bar, and Dunn became state's attorney for Rowan County as he previously had been Crown attorney. Boote continued his legal practice under the new regime until Cornwallis's presence in 1781 offered an alternative. He joined the British but was taken prisoner at Yorktown. Boote returned to England and died soon after the war.

Dunn, on the other hand, cast his lot with the county and town he had helped to build. There are no indications of further difficulties with neighbors with whose political views he had disagreed. An appropriate, if incidental, sign of their reacceptance of him was his appointment to contract for building a new courthouse in 1778 and for repairing the old one in 1781; he shared these responsibilities with one of the men who had arranged for his abduction. Dunn's career was not politics but the practice of law—the maintenance of the courthouse, one might say—and he successfully resumed it. Perhaps it is significant that Kennon was no longer in Salisbury. Beginning in 1775 Kennon obtained several jobs as a commissary for the state government and seems to have managed them from Wilmington; he died in late 1777 or early 1778.

Dunn practiced law in Salisbury until his death. Tradition relates that he became ill while pleading a case and was carried from the courtroom. He is believed to have been buried on his land at "Dunn's Mountain," which still casts its gaze toward courthouse square.

References:

James S. Brawley, The Rowan Story, 1753–1953 (1953). https://archive.org/details/rowanstory17531900braw (accessed August 25, 2014).

Claim of Benjamin Booth Boote (PRO, Audit Office Papers 13:117), New Hanover County Court Minutes, Rowan County Civil and Criminal Cases, Rowan County Committee of Safety Minutes (Secretary of State's Papers), Rowan County Court Minutes, Rowan County Deed Books (microfilm) (all in North Carolina State Archives, Raleigh).

Walter Clark, ed., State Records of North Carolina, vols. 11 (1895), 19 (1901), 22 (1907). https://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.html/volumes (accessed August 25, 2014).

William H. Foote, Sketches of North Carolina  . . . (1846). https://archive.org/details/sketchesofnorthc00foo (accessed August 25, 2014).

Whitehead Kluttz, "Rowan's Committee of Safety," North Carolina University Magazine 18 (1900). https://archive.org/details/northcarolinauni19001901 (accessed August 25, 2014).

Archibald D. Murphey, "Historical Memoranda," North Carolina University Magazine 1 (1852). http://hdl.handle.net/2027/wu.89072958770 (accessed August 25, 2014).

Walter Murphey, Memorial Address Commemorating the Memory of the Distinguished Members of the Rowan County Bar (1938).

William S. Powell, St. Luke's Episcopal Church (1953).

George Raynor and Aubrey Atkinson, Sketches of Old Rowan (1963).

Jethro Rumple, A History of Rowan County, North Carolina (1881). https://archive.org/details/historyofrowanco00rump (accessed August 25, 2014).

William L. Saunders, ed., Colonial Records of North Carolina, vols. 9, 10 (1890). https://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.html/volumes (accessed August 25, 2014).

John H. Wheeler, Reminiscences and Memoirs of North Carolina  . . . (1884). https://archive.org/details/reminiscencesmem00whee (accessed August 25, 2014).

Additional Resources:

"CSR Documents by Dunn, John Ross, d. 1783." Colonial and State Records of North Carolina. Documenting the American South, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. https://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.html/creators/csr10317 (accessed November 25, 2013).

Rodenbough, Charles D. Governor Alexander Martin: Biography of a North Carolina Revolutionary War Statesman. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., Inc. 2010. 23, 40. http://books.google.com/books?id=MHaGx2kX524C&pg=PA40#v=onepage&q&f=false (accessed November 25, 2013).

McKaughan, Joshua Lee.  2007.  “People of Desperate Fortune: Power and Populations in the
North Carolina Backcountry” [1740s-1770s].  Journal of Backcountry Studies (online) 2, no. 1: 38 pp.  http://libjournal.uncg.edu/ojs/index.php/jbc/issue/view/13.

Ramsey, Robert Wayne. 1964. Carolina cradle: settlement of the northwest Carolina frontier, 1747-1762. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

 

Origin - location: 

Comments

My current research suggests that JRD's ancestors were from Norfolk, England. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N59D-N9N
Based on that assumption, JRD could have attended Thoresby College,
aka Trinity College, in Norfolk, England, during his early life.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thoresby_College

I have traced JRD's ancestry to Robert Donne b1627, England. I have seen two birth certificates which concur with that same year. One of those Robert Donne was born in Norfolk, England, and the other was born in Worcester, borough of England.
The family in Norfolk, England were likely immigrants from Jutland, who settled East Riding, while the family from Worcester, England were likely earlier inhabitants who remained in Worcester.
Based upon reports that JRD was Scot-Irish, and upon the assumption that he belongs to the Robert Donne family, I am choosing to believe that they immigrated from Worcester, England. It must be completely recognized, that at that time, the Catholics were being threatened, so the Queen granted them departure, and commissioned Calvert to facilitate the process. Based upon the fact that Worcester was an ancient Catholic borough, and was practically attached to London, I choose to believe that my family was from there.
https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/worcs/vol4/pp376-390

Hello Lynda, I am grateful for this forum, and to all those who have contributed to it.
I would like to update you on some recent things which have come to light.
During JRD's early life, it is possible that he attended a college, before we first see him, in 1702, Pasquotank, NC; however, The Family Tree Book clearly states that he studied law, in Salisbury, NC.
It is also highly probable that his first wife, Katherine Peronneau, was "Frances," as she bore many of the children named in that same book, by Smith, William Alexander; Smith, W. Thomas.

Historical claims that JRD was born in Ireland are simply not supported by the facts. Search results of Familysearch.org for anyone named Dunn born in Ireland from the years 1600 to 1800 indicate that the earliest Dunn born in Ireland occured in the mid 1700s, and no Dunn was born in Waterford, Ireland until the late 1700s. https://www.familysearch.org/search/record/results?surname=Dunn&birth_pl...
If you want information regarding the forementioned accounts by Lynda Hynan, you may find them here: https://www.familysearch.org/photos/artifacts/41788234
and here: https://www.familysearch.org/tree/person/sources/LRSB-X4J

The idea that John Ross Dunn was born in Ireland, may have come from publications regarding the famous Irish Dunn family of Boston.
However, it must be recognized that the Irish didn't migrate to America until the mid 1700s.
https://archive.org/details/storyofirishinbo00cull/page/10/mode/2up?q=dunn

Most of the above comments are based on hearsay, and on unsubstantiated rumors. There is absolutely no evidence to support Archibald D. Murphey's claims regarding John Ross Dunn, Esq. Actually, it is more probable that John Dunn was born into the Robert Dunn family of Kent, Maryland. There is no evidence to support the claim that JRD was from Ireland, nor that he was involved in some fracas. The Family Tree Book, by General William Smith and W. Thomas Smith (https://archive.org/stream/familytreebookge00insmit#page/122/mode/2up) offers a more accurate description of the man, specifically that he came from the British Isles. The James McMurray Dunn Family Book describes a different family migration, https://archive.org/details/jamesmcmurrydunn00dunn/page/1 and also clarifies that the idea that John Ross Dunn's ancestors being Irish, was purely based on speculation. https://www.familysearch.org/photos/artifacts/84502262
I have conducted extensive research on this family, and here is the family pedigree, as I have concluded. https://www.familysearch.org/photos/artifacts/84893354

Lynda,
Please inlighten us on what you have on John Ross Dunn. I would appreciate you giving us a complete narrative of John Dunn's life.

Thank you Lynda,
To understand the apparent conflict of reports, as to when John Ross Dunn, Esq. first settled in North Carolina, one must first realize that the original mistake was in assuming that he was not the same individual as John Dunn the emigrant. https://www.familysearch.org/photos/artifacts/77365900
That original error derived from the assumption that he immigrated directly from abroad. When it was stated that he debarked, in North Carolina, from a privateer, in the early 1700s, it was not known, at that time, that he was actually a member of the Dunn family of Kent, Maryland.

Then, we heard from a different source, that he had previously resided in Charleston, South Carolina before immigrating to North Carolina. https://www.familysearch.org/photos/artifacts/87284973

After it was determined that the two personages were one and the same man, then we understand that between the first account, occurring between 1700 and 1714, and the second account, occurring when he was about 20 years of age, we see an interval which can be only be explained by his relocation to South Carolina, and after a brief residency there, his return to North Carolina, where he became educated in Law.

I will suggest that during his brief residency in South Carolina, he fathered two children there, John and William, born 1736 and 1738, respectively, before beginning his legal career, in North Carolina, in 1753. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V2JM-JWC and https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V2JM-5NR

Further, if he and Obedience Burgess parented John Ross Dunn, Jr. in 1725, then we are able to more precisely calculate his residency in South Carolina, as between 1725 and 1738.

Here is the document which makes the claim that he was born in Waterford, Ireland . https://electricscotland.com/history/america/hisoryofrowan.pdf
https://www.familysearch.org/photos/artifacts/87284973

The Family Tree Book by Smith, William Alexander; Smith, W. Thomas, wasn't published until 1922, and I have discovered that many dates of birth are not given, and some have been shown to be in error; therefore, I submit that the author researched John's children, after John and Frances had arrived in North Carolina, and not at the time that they arrived. For example, I have found that Joseph wasn't born until 1735, and more likely he was the son of John and Katherine; therefore, I must assume that some of the children shown as being born of Frances, were actually born of Katherine.

This online pedigree, for Pricilla Dunn, indicates that she was born, in 1726, in the same parish as the two children born to John Dunn and Katherine, in Charlestown, SC., http://freepages.rootsweb.com/~haunpolk/genealogy/haun/haug83.htm
and , I was able to find a family named Perraneau, in the same parish of Saint Philip, who had a daughter named Katherine, so I have indicated Katherine Perraneau as his second wife.
https://www.familysearch.org/tree/pedigree/landscape/LZK6-6K9

NCpedia states that John R. Dunn, early Salisbury atty for the Crown, was born in Ireland and studied for the Catholic priesthood before having a falling out and coming to America. Each of the books I have read about the history of Old Rowan Co NC lists a different story about the origins of this man. Has anyone ever determined if he was:
born in Waterford and studied at Trinity College;
born in Ireland and studied at Oxford;
a privateer connected sailor;
a convict
lived on Reid's Creek before coming to Salisbury?

No mention is made of his time in Cecil Co MD with his mentor, Wm Rumsey. This is well documented in historical records. Dunnwas there with James Carter, another Salisbury founding father. He left there after Rumsey's death and was in Augusta VA for some time (along with a number of other early Rowan settlers) before coming to NC.
Your information seems very incomplete re the bio of this man.

JRD was, in fact, in Pasquotank, NC, in 1702, as evidenced by his signature. https://www.familysearch.org/photos/artifacts/84762169

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