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Henderson County

Henderson County logo


COUNTY SEAT: Hendersonville

FORMED: 1838

LAND AREA: 373.07 square miles


White: 92.5%

Black/African American: 3.4%

American Indian: 0.7%

Asian: 1.3%    

Pacific Islander: 0.2%

Two or more races: 1.9%

Hispanic/Latino: 10.3% (of any race)

From State & County QuickFacts, US Census Bureau, 2020.


Henderson County

Mountain region


REGION: Mountain
RIVER BASIN: Broad, French Broad, Map
NEIGHBORING COUNTIES: Buncombe, Rutherford, Polk, Transylvania

Henderson County, NC

See also: North Carolina Counties (to access links to NCpedia articles for all 100 counties); Connemara.

by Robert Blair Vocci, 2006

Henderson County, located in North Carolina's Mountain region, was formed from Buncombe County in 1838. Like its county seat, Hendersonville (incorporated in 1847), the county takes its name from Leonard Henderson, chief justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court from 1829 to 1833. Other Henderson County communities include Fletcher, Laurel Park, and Flat Rock.

Originally inhabited by the Cherokee, the site of modern-day Hendersonville was part of the early land grants west of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Revolutionary War soldier William Mills, who settled his new property in 1787, is credited with establishing the foundations for the county and its principal city. Mills planted hundreds of fruit trees in the area, in addition to more typical crops, and today Henderson County leads the state in apple production. The county's modern economy depends more, however, on its tourist industry and retirement facilities than on agriculture. Visitors can enjoy a full range of outdoor activities-from hiking through the Pisgah National Forest to taking in the panoramic views from scenic overlooks along the Blue Ridge Parkway and other highways-while the county's tranquil setting and mild climate have earned it a place among the nation's top retirement destinations. Literary giant Carl Sandburg spent the last 22 years of his life in Flat Rock, and Connemara, his home and farm, are preserved as a historic site. Flatrock Playhouse, established in the early 1940s, is the official North Carolina State Theater. Henderson County had an estimated population of slightly more than 96,000 in 2004.

Annotated history of Henderson County's formation:

For an annotated history of the county's formation, with the laws affecting the county, boundary lines and changes, and other origin information, visit these references in The Formation of the North Carolina Counties (Corbitt, 2000), available online at North Carolina Digital Collections (note, there may be additional items of interest for the county not listed here):

County formation history:

Index entry for the county:


The Heritage of Henderson County, North Carolina (1985-88).

Lenoir Ray, Postmarks: A History of Henderson County, North Carolina, 1787-1968 (1970).

Additional resources:

Corbitt, David Leroy. 2000. The formation of the North Carolina counties, 1663-1943 (accessed June 20, 2017).

Henderson County Government:

Henderson County Tourism Development Authority:

DigitalNC, Henderson County:

North Carolina Digital Collections (explore by place, time period, format):

Image credits:

Rudersdorf, Amy. 2010. "NC County Maps." Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.

Origin - location: 


My college roommate, Gary Justice, is buried in Fletcher, NC, where he and his family lived. He died in January, 1965, and I attended his funeral and burial. I have been trying to locate his grave but with no luck yet. I think they were members of First United Methodist Church, but am not certain. And I think burial was on the other side of the highway. Is there any way I can get help in locating his grave? Thanks so very much.

Joey Fievet

Dear Joey Fievet,

Gary Justice's grave is located at Calvary Episcopal Church Cemetery  in Fletcher, North Carolina. You can find more information on the Find a Grave website (

Francesca Evans, Government & Heritage Library

I found Gary Justice burial location is in Fletcher NC at the Calvary Episcopal
Church Cemetery. The ID 53625801 on Find a Grave gives that location.
I am from that area.

Looking for a marriage of William Maybin and Leah Chapman. Do you have any information on where and when they married? Thanks they were my great,great grandparents. My maiden name was Hammett. Linda Gail Hammett and my father was Lewis Darrell Hammett. Thanks.

Hello Linda! 

What year were they married, or approximate if unknown?

Erin, Government and Heritage Library

it is a really good article who ever wrote this keep up the good work

thxs it was very exciting thxs

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