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Exploring North Carolina:  African American History

This page gathers resources in NCpedia that cover the history and heritage of African Americans in North Carolina from the colonial era to the present day.  It does not include all resources in NCpedia but rather a selection that covers important topics and events, including: biographies; the art and cultural heritage of African Americans in the state; slavery and the ante-bellum era; the struggle for citizenship and civil rights; business and educational leadership; politics; and historic sites and monuments.

All NCpedia articles related to African American History
African American Biographies
Selected Historic Places
History of African American Education
African American Business History
Organizations: Civic, Business, Political & Religious
Culture and the Arts
Law, Segregation and Politics
Civil Rights
Ante-Bellum to Mid-19th Century Era History

All NCpedia articles related to African American History

African American Biographies in NCpedia (link to all entries)


African Americans -- multi-part entry by historical period

Selected Historic Places

African American Dance Ensemble
Bennett College
Charlotte Hawkins Brown Museum
Coleman Manufacturing Company
Durham’s Black Wall Street
First Light of Freedom Monument
Greensboro Four Monument
Historically Black Colleges & Universities
James City
Leonard Medical School
Nina Simone Sculpture
Palmer Memorial Institute
Richard Etheridge Statue
Roanoke Island Freedmen's Colony
Schools for Freed Peoples
Shaw University
Young Men’s Institute

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History of African American Education

A History of Medical Teaching in North Carolina
Era of Progress and Promise
Freedmen’s Bureau
Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs)
Public Education
Rosenwald Fund
School Desegregation
Schools for Freed Peoples

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African American Business History (selected entries)

African Americans: Emerging Roles
Black Freemasonry
Black Wall Street
Coleman Manufacturing Company
Colored Merchants Association
Freedmen's Savings and Trust Company
Mechanics and Farmers Bank
National Negro Business League
North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company
Spaulding, Charles Clinton
Wheeler Airlines
Willie Otey Kay

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Organizations: Civic, Business, Political and Religious

4-H and Home Demostration
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
American Missionary Association
Black Freemasonry
Black Panther Party
Commission on Interracial Cooperation
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
North Carolina Industrial Association
North Carolina Teachers Association
Pentecostal Holiness Church
Royal Knights of King David

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Culture and the Arts (selected entries)

African American Dance Ensemble
African and African American Storytelling
Angelou, Maya
Arts and Art Organizations
Bearden, Romare
Buck Dancing
Coltrane, John
Gospel Music
History of Food
Monk, Thelonious
Music History
Performing Arts
Simone, Nina
Step Dancing
Stories and Storytellers

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Law, Segregation and Politics

Constitutional Convention, 1868: Black Caucus
Equal Rights League
Fourteenth Amendment
Fusion of Republicans and Populists
Great Migration
History of Jim Crow laws and politics (search results with multiple resources)
Newspapers (multi-part article)
School Desegregation
Slater Fund
State Parks
Wilmington Race Riot

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Civil Rights

All NCpedia entries related to Civil Rights
Civil Rights in North Carolina
Civil Rights Movement – multi-part entry    
Golden Frinks
Greensboro Four
Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee
Wilmington Ten

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Ante-bellum to Mid-19th Century Era History

African Americans -- multi-part entry by historical period    
African Americans and the Revolution
African Americans in Union-Occupied North Carolina During the Civil War
African Americans: Life Under Slavery
Anti-slavery Movement in North Carolina
Colonization Societies
Dunmore's Ethiopian Regiment
Forced Migration of African Americans
Free African American Population in the U.S.: 1790-1860
Freedmen's Conventions
General Demographics – Part 5: African American
Great Migration
Slave Clandestine Economy
Slave Codes
Slave Names
Slave Rebellions
Slavery (all NCpedia entries related to Slavery)
Two Black Classes of Antebellum NC

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Educator Resources:

Grade 8: Freedom Rides of 1961. North Carolina Civic Education Consortium.

Grade 8: George Henry White: The American Phoenix. North Carolina Civic Education Consortium.

Grade 8: George Moses Horton. North Carolina Civic Education Consortium.

Grade 8: Living History: Local Voices of the Civil Rights
Movement. North Carolina Civic Education

Online Documentary Collections and Resources:

The Online Reference Guide to African American History,

African American Education, North Carolina Digital Collections,

Civil Rights, North Carolina Digital Collections,

African American Newspapers in North Carolina, NC Digital Heritage Center,

NC Federal of Negro Women's Clubs Collection, NC Central University, NC Digital Heritage Center,

Heritage of Black Highlanders Collection, UNC-Asheville, NC Digital Heritage Center,

Digital Library on American Slavery, UNC-G,

History of African American Education in North Carolina, NC Government & Heritage Library,

James E. Shepard Memorial Library, University Archives, Records, and History:

Library of Congress Online Collections related to African American History (online resource):

Durham County Public Library, North Carolina Collection. African American History Resources (some online):

African American Documentary Resources at the Southern History Collection, Wilson Libary, UNC-Chapel Hill:

Historical Resources in Print:

Batchelor, John E. 2015. Race and education in North Carolina: from segregation to desegregation.

Brown, Hugh Victor. 1964. E-qual-ity education in North Carolina among Negroes. [Raleigh, N.C.]: [Irving-Swain Press].

Cecelski, David S. 1994. Along freedom road: Hyde County, North Carolina and the fate of Black schools in the South. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Crow, Jeffrey J., Paul D. Escott, and Flora J. Hatley Wadelington. 1992. A history of African Americans in North Carolina. Raleigh: N.C. Dept. of Cultural Resources, Division of Archives and History.

Franklin, John Hope. 1995. The free Negro in North Carolina, 1790-1860. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

Hornsby-Gutting, Angela. 2009. Black manhood and community building in North Carolina, 1900-1930. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.

Nieman, Donald G. 1994. African Americans and education in the South, 1865-1900. New York: Garland.

North Carolina. 2000. The rich heritage of African Americans in North Carolina. Raleigh: North Carolina Division of Tourism, Film and Sports Development.

Thuesen, Sarah Caroline. 2013. Greater than equal African American struggles for schools and citizenship in North Carolina, 1919-1965. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.

Watson, Alan D. 2005. African Americans in early North Carolina: a documentary history. Raleigh [N.C.]: Office of Archives and History, N.C. Dept. of Cultural Resources.

Williams, Heather Andrea. 2005. Self-taught: African American education in slavery and freedom. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.; State Library of NC catalog: 370.8996073075 W723s 

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